Apple M1 Microarchitecture Research by Dougall Johnson

Firestorm: Overview | Base Instructions | SIMD and FP Instructions
Icestorm:  Overview | Base Instructions | SIMD and FP Instructions

DUP (element, vector, 2S)

Test 1: uops

Code:

  dup v0.2s, v0.s[1]
  movi v0.16b, 1
  movi v1.16b, 2

(no loop instructions)

1000 unrolls and 1 iteration

Retires: 1.000

Issues: 1.000

Integer unit issues: 0.000

Load/store unit issues: 0.000

SIMD/FP unit issues: 1.000

retire (01)cycle (02)031e3f4e51inst issue (52)~issue fp/simd (54)~dispatch fp/simd (57)huge thing fp/simd (5b)696d6edispatch stall (70)scheduler rewind (75)scheduler stall (76)~dispatch op (78)~map op fp/simd (7e)~map lookup fp/simd (81)8283pipeline redirect (84)85inst all (8c)inst neon or fp (9a)a8accfd5d6ddinst fetch restart (de)e0? fp/simd (ee)f5f6f7f8fd
10042037150821686251000100010002645212018203720371571318951000100010002037203711100110000073216111786100020382038203820382038
10042037150611686251000100010002645212018203720371571318951000100010002037203711100110000073116111786100020382038203820382038
10042037160611686251000100010002645212018203720371571318951000100010002037203711100110000373116111786100020382038203820382038
10042037166611686251000100010002645212018203720371571318951000100010002037203711100110000073116111786100020382038203820382038
10042037150611686251000100010002645212018203720371571318951000100010002037203711100110003073116111786100020382038203820382038
10042037163611686251000100010002645212018203720371571318951000100010002037203711100110000073116111786100020382038203820382038
10042037150611686251000100010002645212018203720371571318951000100010002037203711100110000073116111786100020382038203820382038
100420371501051686251000100010002645212018203720371571318951000100010002037203711100110000073116111786100020382038203820382038
10042037150611686251000100010002645212018203720371571318951000100010002037203711100210000073116111786100020382038203820382038
10042037150611686251000100010002645212018203720371571318951000100010002037203711100110000073116111786100020382038203820382038

Test 2: Latency 1->2

Code:

  dup v0.2s, v0.s[1]
  movi v0.16b, 1
  movi v1.16b, 2

(fused SUBS/B.cc loop)

100 unrolls and 100 iterations

Result (median cycles for code): 2.0037

retire (01)cycle (02)03071e3f4e51inst issue (52)~issue int (53)~issue fp/simd (54)~dispatch int (56)~dispatch fp/simd (57)huge thing int (59)huge thing fp/simd (5b)60696d6edispatch stall (70)scheduler rewind (75)scheduler stall (76)~dispatch op (78)~map op int (7c)~map op fp/simd (7e)~map lookup int (7f)~map lookup fp/simd (81)8283pipeline redirect (84)85inst all (8c)inst branch (8d)inst branch taken (90)inst b.cc (94)inst integer (97)inst neon or fp (9a)9fa8accfd5d6ddinst fetch restart (de)e0? int output thing (e9)? fp/simd (ee)gpr retires (ef)f5f6f7f8fd
10204200371500061196862510100100100001001000050028475211200182003720037184213187451010020010000200100002003720037111020110099100100100001000071011611197910100001002003820038200382003820038
10204200371500061196862510100100100001001000050028475211200182003720037184213187451010020010000200100002003720037111020110099100100100001000071011611197910100001002003820038200382003820038
10204200371500061196862510100100100001001000050028475211200182003720037184213187451010020010000200100002003720037111020110099100100100001002071011611197910100001002003820038200382003820038
10204200371500061196862510100100100001001000050028475211200182003720037184213187451010020010000200100002003720037111020110099100100100001000071011611197910100001002003820038200382003820038
10204200371500061196862510100100100001001000050028475211200182003720037184213187451010020010000200100002003720037111020110099100100100001000071011611197910100001002003820038200382003820038
10204200371500061196862510100100100001001000062628475210200182003720037184213187451010020010000200100002003720037111020110099100100100001000071011611197910100001002003820038200382003820038
10204200371500061196862510100100100001001000050028475211200182003720037184213187451010020010000200100002003720037111020110099100100100001000071011611197910100001002003820038200382003820038
10204200371500061196862510100100100001001000050028475211200182003720037184213187451010020010000200100002003720085111020110099100100100001004117171011611197910100001002003820038200382003820038
10204200371500061196862510125100100001001000050028475210200182003720037184213187451010020010000200100002003720037111020110099100100100001000071011611197910100001002003820038200382003820038
10204200371500061196862510100100100001001000050028475210200182003720037184213187451010020010000200100002003720037111020110099100100100001000071011621197910100001002003820038200382003820038

1000 unrolls and 10 iterations

Result (median cycles for code): 2.0037

retire (01)cycle (02)0307080b18191e1f3a3f4e51inst issue (52)~issue int (53)~issue fp/simd (54)~dispatch int (56)~dispatch fp/simd (57)huge thing int (59)huge thing fp/simd (5b)60696d6edispatch stall (70)scheduler rewind (75)scheduler stall (76)~dispatch op (78)~map op int (7c)~map op fp/simd (7e)~map lookup int (7f)~map lookup fp/simd (81)8283pipeline redirect (84)85inst all (8c)inst branch (8d)inst branch taken (90)inst b.cc (94)inst integer (97)inst neon or fp (9a)9fa0a1a6a8a9accfd5d6ddinst fetch restart (de)e0? int output thing (e9)? fp/simd (ee)gpr retires (ef)f5f6f7f8fd
1002420037150000000007619686251001010100001010000502847521020018200372003718443318767100102010000201000020037200371110021109101010000100000006402162219786010000102003820038200382003820038
1002420037150000000006119686251001010100001010000502847521020018200372003718443318767100102010000201000020037200371110021109101010000100000006402162219786010000102003820038200382003820038
100242003715000000000611968625100101010000101000050284752102001820037200371844331876710010201000020100002003720037111002110910101000010000001326402162219786010000102008620086200382003820038
1002420037150000000006119686251001010100001010000502847521020018200372003718443318767100102010000201016820037200841110021109101010000100002006402162219786010000102003820085200382003820038
1002420037150000000006119686251001010100001010000502847521020018200372003718443318767100102010000201000020037200371110021109101010000100000006402162219786010000102003820038200382003820038
1002420037150000000006119686251002210100001010000502847521020018200372003718443318767100102010000201000020037200371110021109101010000100000006402162219786010000102003820038200382003820038
10024200371500000000025119686251001010100001010000502847521020018200372003718443318767100102010000201000020037200371110021109101010000100000006402162219786010000102003820038200382003820038
1002420037150000000006119686251001010100001010000502847521120018200372003718443318767100102010000201000020037200371110021109101010000100000006402162219786010000102003820038200382003820038
1002420037150000000006119686251001010100001010000502847521120018200372003718443318767100102010000201000020037200371110021109101010000100000006402162219786010000102003820038200382003820038
10024200371500000000015619686251001010100001010000502847521020018200372003718443318767100102010000201000020037200371110021109101010000100000006402162219786010000102003820038200382003820038

Test 3: throughput

Count: 8

Code:

  dup v0.2s, v8.s[1]
  dup v1.2s, v8.s[1]
  dup v2.2s, v8.s[1]
  dup v3.2s, v8.s[1]
  dup v4.2s, v8.s[1]
  dup v5.2s, v8.s[1]
  dup v6.2s, v8.s[1]
  dup v7.2s, v8.s[1]
  movi v8.16b, 9

(fused SUBS/B.cc loop)

100 unrolls and 100 iterations

Result (median cycles for code divided by count): 0.2505

retire (01)cycle (02)030b3a3f51inst issue (52)~issue int (53)~issue fp/simd (54)~dispatch int (56)~dispatch fp/simd (57)huge thing int (59)huge thing fp/simd (5b)60696d6edispatch stall (70)scheduler rewind (75)scheduler stall (76)~dispatch op (78)~map op int (7c)~map op fp/simd (7e)~map lookup int (7f)~map lookup fp/simd (81)8283pipeline redirect (84)85inst all (8c)inst branch (8d)inst branch taken (90)inst b.cc (94)inst integer (97)inst neon or fp (9a)9fa6a8a9acc5branch mispredict (cb)cdcfd5d6ddinst fetch restart (de)e0? fp/simd (ee)gpr retires (ef)f5f6f7f8fd
80204200581500029258010810080008100800205006401320200192003820038997769989801202008003220080032200382003811802011009910010080000100000011151183163320035800001002003920039200392003920039
80204200381500029258010810080008100800205006401320200192003820038997769989801202008003220080032200382003811802011009910010080000100000011151183163320035800001002003920039200392003920039
80204200381500029258010810080008100800205006401321200192003820038997769989801202008003220080032200382003811802011009910010080000100000011151183163420035800001002003920039200392003920039
80204200381500029258010810080008100800205006401321200192003820038997769989801202008003220080032200382003811802011009910010080000100000011151183163420035800001002003920039200392003920039
80204200911500029258010810080008100800205006401321200192003820038997769989801202008013720080032200382003811802011009910010080000100020011151183164320035800001002003920039200392003920039
80204200381500029258010810080008100800205006401320200192003820038997769989801202008003220080032200382003811802011009910010080000100000011151183163420035800001002003920039200392003920039
80204200381500029258010810080008100800205006401321200192003820038997769989801202008003220080032200382003811802011009910010080000100000011151182164420035800001002003920039200392003920039
80204200381500029258010810080008100800205006401321200192003820038997769989801202008003220080032200382003811802011009910010080000100000011151184163420035800001002003920039200392003920039
8020420038150001264258010810080008100800205006401320200192003820038997769989801202008003220080032200382003811802011009910010080000100000011151183164420035800001002003920039200392003920039
80204200381500029258010810080008100800205006401321200192003820038997769989801202008003220080032200382003811802011009910010080000100000011151183164320035800001002003920039200392003920039

1000 unrolls and 10 iterations

Result (median cycles for code divided by count): 0.2505

retire (01)cycle (02)033f51inst issue (52)~issue int (53)~issue fp/simd (54)~dispatch int (56)~dispatch fp/simd (57)huge thing int (59)huge thing fp/simd (5b)60696d6edispatch stall (70)scheduler rewind (75)scheduler stall (76)~dispatch op (78)~map op int (7c)~map op fp/simd (7e)~map lookup int (7f)~map lookup fp/simd (81)8283pipeline redirect (84)85inst all (8c)inst branch (8d)inst branch taken (90)inst b.cc (94)inst integer (97)inst neon or fp (9a)9fa8accfd5d6d9ddinst fetch restart (de)e0? fp/simd (ee)gpr retires (ef)f5f6f7f8fd
80024200511506025800101080000108000050640000020019200382003899963100188001020800002080000200382003811800211091010800001000502017160642003580000102003920039200392003920039
80024200381503242580010108000010800005064000002001920038200389996310018800102080000208000020038200381180021109101080000100050206160532003580000102003920039200392003920039
8002420038150392580010108000010800005064000012001920038200389996310018800102080000208000020038200381180021109101080000100050203160532003580000102003920039200392003920039
80024200381507502580010108000010800005064000002001920038200389996310018800102080000208000020038200381180021109101080000100950206160642003580000102003920039200392003920039
80024200381503925800101080000108000050640000020019200382003899963100188001020800002080000200382003811800211091010800001001550205160542003580000102023920039200392003920039
8002420038150392580010108000010800005064000002001920038200389996310018800102080000208000020038200381180021109101080000100050205160662003580000102003920039200392003920039
80024200381503925800101080000108000050640000020019200382003899963100188001020800002080000200382003811800211091010800001000502012160562003580000102003920039200392003920039
800242003815010425800101080000108000050640000020019200382003899963100188001020800002080000200382003811800211091010800001001250205160642003580000102003920039200392003920039
80024200381503925800101080000108000050640000020019200382003899963100188001020800002080000200382003811800211091010800001020502051606112003580000102003920039200392003920039
8002420088150392580010108000010800005064000002001920038200389996310018800102080000208000020038200381180021109101080000100050205160662003580000102003920039200392003920136