Apple M1 Microarchitecture Research by Dougall Johnson

Firestorm: Overview | Base Instructions | SIMD and FP Instructions
Icestorm:  Overview | Base Instructions | SIMD and FP Instructions

FMAX (vector, 2S)

Test 1: uops

Code:

  fmax v0.2s, v0.2s, v1.2s
  movi v0.16b, 1
  movi v1.16b, 2

(no loop instructions)

1000 unrolls and 1 iteration

Retires: 1.000

Issues: 1.000

Integer unit issues: 0.000

Load/store unit issues: 0.000

SIMD/FP unit issues: 1.000

retire (01)cycle (02)030b3f4e51inst issue (52)~issue fp/simd (54)~dispatch fp/simd (57)huge thing fp/simd (5b)60696d6edispatch stall (70)scheduler rewind (75)scheduler stall (76)~dispatch op (78)~map op fp/simd (7e)~map lookup fp/simd (81)8283pipeline redirect (84)85inst all (8c)inst neon or fp (9a)a6a9accfd5d6ddinst fetch restart (de)e0? fp/simd (ee)f5f6f7f8fd
1004203715082168725100010001000264680120182037203715723189510001000200020372037111001100000073116111787100020382038203820382038
1004203715061168725100010001000264680120182037203715723189510001000200020372037111001100000073116111787100020382038203820382038
1004203715061168725100010001000264680020182037203715723189510001000200020372037111001100000073116111787100020382038203820382038
1004203715061168725100010001000264680020182037203715723189510001000200020372037111001100000073116111787100020382038203820382038
1004203715061168725100010001000264680120182037203715723189510001000200020372037111001100000073116111787100020382038203820382038
1004203715061168725100010001000264680120182037203715723189510001000200020372037111001100000073116111787100020382038203820382038
1004203715061168725100010001000264680020182037203715723189510001000200020372037111001100000073116111787100020382038203820382038
1004203715061168725100010001000264680020182037203715723189510001000200020372037111001100000073116111787100020382038203820382038
1004203715061168725100010001000264680020182037203715723189510001000200020372037111001100000073116111787100020382038203820382038
1004203716061168725100010001000264680120182037203715723189510001000200020372037111001100000073116111787100020382038203820382038

Test 2: Latency 1->2

Code:

  fmax v0.2s, v0.2s, v1.2s
  movi v0.16b, 1
  movi v1.16b, 2

(fused SUBS/B.cc loop)

100 unrolls and 100 iterations

Result (median cycles for code): 2.0037

retire (01)cycle (02)031e3f4e51inst issue (52)~issue int (53)~issue fp/simd (54)~dispatch int (56)~dispatch fp/simd (57)huge thing int (59)huge thing fp/simd (5b)696d6edispatch stall (70)scheduler rewind (75)scheduler stall (76)~dispatch op (78)~map op int (7c)~map op fp/simd (7e)~map lookup int (7f)~map lookup fp/simd (81)8283pipeline redirect (84)85inst all (8c)inst branch (8d)inst branch taken (90)inst b.cc (94)inst integer (97)inst neon or fp (9a)9fa8acc2cfd5d6ddinst fetch restart (de)e0? int output thing (e9)? fp/simd (ee)gpr retires (ef)f5f6f7f8fd
1020420037150061196872510100104100241001000050028476802001820037200371842231874510100200100002002000020037200371110201100991001001000010000071011611197910100001002003820038200382003820038
1020420037150061196872510100100100001001000050028476802001820037200371842231874510100200100002002000020037200371110201100991001001000010010071011611197910100001002003820038200382003820038
1020420037151061196872510100100100001001000050028476802001820085200371842231874510100200100002002000020037200371110201100991001001000010000071011611197910100001002003820038200382003820038
1020420037150061196872510100100100001001000050028476802001820037200371842231874510100200101822002000020037200371110201100991001001000010000071011611197910100001002003820038200382003820038
1020420037150061196872510100100100001001000050028476802001820037200371842231874510100200100002002000020037200371110201100991001001000010000071011611197910100001002003820038200382003820038
1020420037150061196872510100100100001001000050028476802001820037200371842231874510100200100002002000020037200371110201100991001001000010020071011611197910100001002003820038200382003820038
10204200371500346196874410100100100001001000050028476802001820037200371842231874510100200100002002000020037200371110201100991001001000010000071011611197910100001002003820038200382003820038
1020420037150061196872510100100100001001000050028476802001820037200371842231874510100200100002002000020037200371110201100991001001000010000071011611197910100001002003820038200382003820038
1020420037150061196872510100100100001001000050028476802001820037200371842231874510100200100002002000020037200371110201100991001001000010000071011611197910100001002003820038200382003820038
102042003715006119687251010010010000100100005002847680200182003720037184223187451010020010000200200002003720037111020110099100100100001000123071011611197910100001002003820038200382003820038

1000 unrolls and 10 iterations

Result (median cycles for code): 2.0037

retire (01)cycle (02)03091e1f3f4e51inst issue (52)~issue int (53)~issue fp/simd (54)~dispatch int (56)~dispatch fp/simd (57)huge thing int (59)huge thing fp/simd (5b)60696d6edispatch stall (70)72scheduler rewind (75)scheduler stall (76)~dispatch op (78)~map op int (7c)~map op fp/simd (7e)~map lookup int (7f)~map lookup fp/simd (81)8283pipeline redirect (84)85inst all (8c)inst branch (8d)inst branch taken (90)inst b.cc (94)inst integer (97)inst neon or fp (9a)9fa8accfd5d6ddinst fetch restart (de)e0? fp/simd (ee)gpr retires (ef)f5f6f7f8fd
1002420037150000611968725100101010000101000050284768002001820037200371844403187671001020100002020000200372003711100211091010100001000640416221978510000102003820038200382003820038
1002420037150000611968725100351010000101000050284768012001820037200371844403187671001020100002020000200372003711100211091010100001003640216221978510000102003820038200742003820038
1002420037150000611968725100101010000101000050284768002001820037200371844403187671001020100002020000200372003711100211091010100001000640216221978510000102003820038200382003820038
1002420037150000611968725100101010000101000050284768002001820037200371844403187671001020100002020000200372003711100211091010100001000640216221978510000102003820038200382003820038
10024200371500088611967625100101010000101000055284768002001820037200841844403187671001020100002020000200372003711100211091010100001000640216221978510000102003820038200382003820038
1002420037150000611968725100101010000101000050284768012001820037200371844403187671001020100002020000200372003711100211091010100001000640216221978510000102003820038200382003820038
1002420037150100611968725100101010000101000050284768002001820037200371844403187671001020100002020000200372003711100211091010100001000640216221978510000102003820038200382003820038
100242003715000061196872510010101000010100005028476801200182003720037184440318767100102010000202000020037200371110021109101010000101915640216221978510000102003820038200382003820038
1002420037150000611968725100101010000101000050284768002001820037200371844403187671001020100002020000200372003711100211091010100001000640216221978510000102003820038200382003820038
1002420037150000611968725100101010000101000050284768002001820037200371844403187671001020100002020000200372003711100211091010100001000640216221978510000102003820038200382003820038

Test 3: Latency 1->3

Code:

  fmax v0.2s, v1.2s, v0.2s
  movi v0.16b, 1
  movi v1.16b, 2

(fused SUBS/B.cc loop)

100 unrolls and 100 iterations

Result (median cycles for code): 2.0037

retire (01)cycle (02)031e3f4e51inst issue (52)~issue int (53)~issue fp/simd (54)~dispatch int (56)~dispatch fp/simd (57)huge thing int (59)huge thing fp/simd (5b)60696d6edispatch stall (70)scheduler rewind (75)scheduler stall (76)~dispatch op (78)~map op int (7c)~map op fp/simd (7e)~map lookup int (7f)~map lookup fp/simd (81)8283pipeline redirect (84)85inst all (8c)inst branch (8d)inst branch taken (90)inst b.cc (94)inst integer (97)inst neon or fp (9a)9fa1a8acbranch mispredict (cb)cfd5d6ddinst fetch restart (de)e0? fp/simd (ee)gpr retires (ef)f5f6f7f8fd
10204200371500611968725101001001000010010000500284768002001820037200371842231874510100200100002002000020037200371110201100991001001000010000007101161119791100001002003820038200382003820038
10204200371490611968725101001001000010010000500284768002001820037200371842231874510100204100002002000020037200371110201100991001001000010000007101161119791100001002003820038200382003820038
10204200371500611968725101001001000010010000500284768002001820037200371842231874510100200101672042000020037200371110201100991001001000010000307101161119791100001002003820038200382003820038
10204200371500611968725101001001000010010000500284768002001820037200371842231874510100200100002002000020037200371110201100991001001000010000007101161119791100001002003820038200382003820038
10204200371500611968725101001001000010010000500284768002001820037200371842231874510100200100002002000020037200371110201100991001001000010000007101161119791100001002003820038200382003820038
10204200371500611968725101001001000010010000500284768012001820037200371842231874510100200100002002000020037200371110201100991001001000010000007101161119791100001002003820038200382003820038
10204200371500611968725101001001000010010000500284768002001820037200371842231874510100200100002002000020037200371110201100991001001000010000007101161119791100001002003820038200382003820038
10204200371500611968725101001001000010010000500284768012001820037200371842231874510100200100002002000020037200371110201100991001001000010000007101161119791100001002003820038200382003820038
10204200371500611968725101001001000010010000500284768002001820037200371842231874510100200100002002000020037200371110201100991001001000010000007101161119791100001002003820038200382003820038
10204200371500611968725101001001000010010000500284768012001820037200371842231874510100200100002002000020037200371110201100991001001000010000007101161119791100001002003820038200382003820038

1000 unrolls and 10 iterations

Result (median cycles for code): 2.0037

retire (01)cycle (02)030b1e1f3f4e51inst issue (52)~issue int (53)~issue fp/simd (54)~dispatch int (56)~dispatch fp/simd (57)huge thing int (59)huge thing fp/simd (5b)60696d6edispatch stall (70)scheduler rewind (75)scheduler stall (76)~dispatch op (78)~map op int (7c)~map op fp/simd (7e)~map lookup int (7f)~map lookup fp/simd (81)8283pipeline redirect (84)85inst all (8c)inst branch (8d)inst branch taken (90)inst b.cc (94)inst integer (97)inst neon or fp (9a)9fa8accfd5d6ddinst fetch restart (de)e0? int output thing (e9)? fp/simd (ee)gpr retires (ef)f5f6f7f8fd
1002420037150000611968725100101010000101000050284768012001820037200371844431876710010201000020200002003720037111002110910101000010006402162219785010000102003820038200382003820038
1002420037150000821968725100101010000101000050284768002001820084200841844431876710010201000020200002003720037111002110910101000010106402162219785010000102003820038200382003820038
1002420037150000611968725100101010000101000050284768012001820037200371844431876710010201000020200002003720037111002110910101000010006402162219785010000102003820086200382003820038
1002420037150000611968725100101010000101000050284768012001820037200371844431876710010201000020200002003720037111002110910101000010036402162219785010000102003820038200382003820038
1002420037150000611968725100101210000121000050284768012001820037200371844431876710010201000020200002003720037111002110910101000010006402162219785010000102003820038200382003820038
1002420037150000611968725100101010000101000050284768012001820037200371844431876710010201000020200002003720037111002110910101000010036402162219785010000102003820038200382003820038
1002420037150000611968725100101010000101000050284768002001820037200371844431876710010201000020200002003720037111002110910101000010006402162219785010000102003820038200382003820038
1002420037150000611968725100101010000101000050284768012001820037200371844431876710010201000020200002003720037111002110910101000010006404162219785210000102003820038200382003820038
1002420037150000611968725100101010000101000050284768012001820037200371844431876710010201000020200002003720037111002110910101000010006402162219785010000102003820038200382003820038
1002420037149000611968725100101010000101000050284768012001820037200371844431876710010201000020200002003720037111002110910101000010006402162219785010000102003820038200382003820038

Test 4: throughput

Count: 8

Code:

  fmax v0.2s, v8.2s, v9.2s
  fmax v1.2s, v8.2s, v9.2s
  fmax v2.2s, v8.2s, v9.2s
  fmax v3.2s, v8.2s, v9.2s
  fmax v4.2s, v8.2s, v9.2s
  fmax v5.2s, v8.2s, v9.2s
  fmax v6.2s, v8.2s, v9.2s
  fmax v7.2s, v8.2s, v9.2s
  movi v8.16b, 9
  movi v9.16b, 10

(fused SUBS/B.cc loop)

100 unrolls and 100 iterations

Result (median cycles for code divided by count): 0.2505

retire (01)cycle (02)031e3a3f51inst issue (52)~issue int (53)~issue fp/simd (54)~dispatch int (56)~dispatch fp/simd (57)huge thing int (59)huge thing fp/simd (5b)60696d6edispatch stall (70)scheduler rewind (75)scheduler stall (76)~dispatch op (78)~map op int (7c)~map op fp/simd (7e)~map lookup int (7f)~map lookup fp/simd (81)8283pipeline redirect (84)85inst all (8c)inst branch (8d)inst branch taken (90)inst b.cc (94)inst integer (97)inst neon or fp (9a)9fa8accdcfd5d6ddinst fetch restart (de)e0eb? fp/simd (ee)gpr retires (ef)f5f6f7f8fd
802042006015000402580100100800001008000050064000002001920038200389973399968010020080000200160000200382003811802011009910010080000100000511021611200352800001002003920039200392003920039
802042003815000402580100100800001008000050064000002001920038200389973399968010020080000200160000200382003811802011009910010080000100000511011611200350800001002003920039200392003920039
802042003815000402580100100800001008000050064000002001920038200389973399968010020080000200160000200382003811802011009910010080000100000511011611200350800001002003920039200392003920039
802042003815000402580100100800001008000050064000002001920038200389973399968010020080000200160000200382003811802011009910010080000100000511011611200350800001002003920039200392003920039
802042003815000402580100100800001008000050064000002001920038200389973399968010020080000200160000200382003811802011009910010080000100000511011611200350800001002003920039200392003920039
802042003815000402580100100800001008000050064000002001920038200389973399968010020080000200160000200382003811802011009910010080000100000511011611200350800001002003920039200392003920039
802042003815000402580100100800001008000050064000002001920038200389973399968010020080000200160000200382003811802011009910010080000100000511011611200350800001002003920039200392003920039
802042003815000402580100100800001008000050064000002001920038200389973399968010020080000200160000200382003811802011009910010080000100000511011611200350800001002003920039200392003920039
80204200381500040258010010080000100800005006400000200192003820038997339996801002008000020016000020038200381180201100991001008000010001110511011611200350800001002003920039200392003920039
802042003815000402580100100800001008000050064000002001920038200389973399968010020080000200160000200382003811802011009910010080000100001511011611200350800001002003920039200392003920039

1000 unrolls and 10 iterations

Result (median cycles for code divided by count): 0.2505

retire (01)cycle (02)030407080b18191e1f3a3f51inst issue (52)~issue int (53)~issue fp/simd (54)~dispatch int (56)~dispatch fp/simd (57)huge thing int (59)huge thing fp/simd (5b)5f60696d6edispatch stall (70)scheduler rewind (75)scheduler stall (76)~dispatch op (78)~map op int (7c)~map op fp/simd (7e)~map lookup int (7f)~map lookup fp/simd (81)8283pipeline redirect (84)85inst all (8c)inst branch (8d)inst branch taken (90)inst b.cc (94)inst integer (97)inst neon or fp (9a)9fa0a1a6a8a9acc2cfd0d5d6ddinst fetch restart (de)e0? int output thing (e9)? fp/simd (ee)gpr retires (ef)f5f6f7f8fd
8002520048150000000000602580010108000010800005064000001200192003820038999631001880010208000020160000200382003811800211091010800001000020005020010169720035080000102003920039200392003920039
800242003815000000000039258001010800001080000506400001120019200382003899963100188001020800002016000020038200381180021109101080000100000000502001016131120035080000102003920039200392003920039
800242003815000000000083258001010800001080000506400000020019200382003899963100188001020800002016000020038200381180021109101080000100000000502007169720035080000102003920039200392003920039
80024200381500000000009262580010108000010800005064000001200192003820038999631001880010208000020160000200382003811800211091010800001000000005020091681020035080000102003920039200392003920039
8002420038150000000000392580010108000010800005064000000200192003820038999631001880010208000020160000200382003811800211091010800001000020005020051613620035080000102003920039200392003920039
800242003815000000000039258001010800001080000506400000020019200382003899963100188011020800002016000020038200381180021109101080000100000000502009168820035080000102003920039200392003920039
800242003815000000000060258001010800001080000506400000020019200382003899963100188001020800002016000020038200381180021109101080000100000000502009166920035080000102003920039200392003920039
80024200381500000000002102580010108000010800005064000000200192003820038999631001880010208000020160000200382003811800211091010800001000010305020061671120035080000102003920039200392003920039
8002420038150000000000464258001010800001080000506400000020019200382003899963100188001020800002016000020038200381180021109101080000100000000502006165720035080000102003920039200392003920039
800242003815000000000039258001010800001080000506400000020019200382003899963100188001020800002016000020038200381180021109101080000100000000502008169620035080000102003920039200392003920039