Apple M1 Microarchitecture Research by Dougall Johnson

Firestorm: Overview | Base Instructions | SIMD and FP Instructions
Icestorm:  Overview | Base Instructions | SIMD and FP Instructions

FMIN (scalar, H)

Test 1: uops

Code:

  fmin h0, h0, h1
  movi v0.16b, 1
  movi v1.16b, 2

(no loop instructions)

1000 unrolls and 1 iteration

Retires: 1.000

Issues: 1.000

Integer unit issues: 0.000

Load/store unit issues: 0.000

SIMD/FP unit issues: 1.000

retire (01)cycle (02)031e3f4e51inst issue (52)~issue fp/simd (54)~dispatch fp/simd (57)huge thing fp/simd (5b)60696d6edispatch stall (70)scheduler rewind (75)scheduler stall (76)~dispatch op (78)~map op fp/simd (7e)~map lookup fp/simd (81)8283pipeline redirect (84)85inst all (8c)inst neon or fp (9a)a1a8accfd5d6ddinst fetch restart (de)e0? fp/simd (ee)f5f6f7f8fd
10042037150611687251000100010002646801201820372037157231895100010002000203720371110011000006673116111787100020382038203820382038
1004203715061168725100010001000264680120182037203715723189510001000200020372037111001100000073116111787100020382038203820382038
10042037150115168725100010001000264680120182037203715723189510001000200020372037111001100001073116111787100020382038203820382038
1004203715061168725100010001000264680120182037203715723189510001000200020372037111001100000073116111787100020382038203820382038
1004203716061168725100010001000264680120182037203715723189510001000200020372037111001100001073116111787100020382038203820382038
1004203715361168725100010001000264680120182037203715723189510001000200020372037111001100000073116111787100020382038203820382038
1004203715061168725100010001000264680020182037203715723189510001000200020372037111001100000373116111787100020382038203820382038
1004203716061168725100010001000264680120182037203715723189510001000200020372037111001100000073116111787100020382038203820382038
1004203715061168725100010001000264680120182037203715723189510001000200020372037111001100000073116111787100020382038203820382038
1004203715361168725100010001000264680120182037203715723189510001000200020372037111001100000073116111787100020382038203820382038

Test 2: Latency 1->2

Code:

  fmin h0, h0, h1
  movi v0.16b, 1
  movi v1.16b, 2

(fused SUBS/B.cc loop)

100 unrolls and 100 iterations

Result (median cycles for code): 2.0037

retire (01)cycle (02)031e3f4e51inst issue (52)~issue int (53)~issue fp/simd (54)~dispatch int (56)~dispatch fp/simd (57)huge thing int (59)huge thing fp/simd (5b)60696d6edispatch stall (70)scheduler rewind (75)scheduler stall (76)~dispatch op (78)~map op int (7c)~map op fp/simd (7e)~map lookup int (7f)~map lookup fp/simd (81)8283pipeline redirect (84)85inst all (8c)inst branch (8d)inst branch taken (90)inst b.cc (94)inst integer (97)inst neon or fp (9a)9fa8acc5branch mispredict (cb)cdcfd5d6ddinst fetch restart (de)e0? fp/simd (ee)gpr retires (ef)f5f6f7f8fd
102042003715006119687251010010010000100100005002847680120018200372003718429618741101002001000820020016200372003711102011009910010010000100001117180160019802100001002003820038200382003820038
102042003715006119687251010010010000100100005002847680120018200372003718429718741102532001000820020016200372003711102011009910010010000100101117180160019802100001002003820038200382003820038
102042003715006119687251010010010000100100005002847680020018200372003718429618741101002001000820020016200372003711102011009910010010000100031117170160019802100001002003820038200382003820038
102042003715006119687251010010010000100100005002847680020018200372003718422318745101002001000020020000200372003711102011009910010010000100000007101161119791100001002003820038200382003820038
102042003715036119687251010010010000100100005002847680020018200372003718422318745101002001000020020000200372003711102011009910010010000100000007101161119791100001002003820038200382003820038
102042003715006119687251010010010000100100005002847680020018200372008518425318745101002001000020020000200372003711102011009910010010000100000007101161119791100001002003820038200382003820038
102042003715006119687251010010010000100100005002847680020018200372003718422318745101002001000020020000200372003711102011009910010010000100000007101161119791100001002003820038200382003820038
102042003715006119687251010010010000100100005002847680120018200372003718422318745101002001000020020000200372003711102011009910010010000100000007101161119791100001002003820038200382003820038
1020420037150053619687251010010010000100100005002847680020018200372003718422318745101002001000020020000200372003711102011009910010010000100200007101161119791100001002003820038200382003820038
102042003715006119687251010010010000100100005002847680120018200372003718422318745101002001000020020000200372003711102011009910010010000100030007101161119791100001002003820038200382003820038

1000 unrolls and 10 iterations

Result (median cycles for code): 2.0037

retire (01)cycle (02)0308090b18191e1f3a3f4e51inst issue (52)~issue int (53)~issue fp/simd (54)~dispatch int (56)~dispatch fp/simd (57)huge thing int (59)huge thing fp/simd (5b)60696d6edispatch stall (70)scheduler rewind (75)scheduler stall (76)~dispatch op (78)~map op int (7c)~map op fp/simd (7e)~map lookup int (7f)~map lookup fp/simd (81)8283pipeline redirect (84)85inst all (8c)inst branch (8d)inst branch taken (90)inst b.cc (94)inst integer (97)inst neon or fp (9a)9fa0a1a6a7a8a9acc2cfd5d6ddinst fetch restart (de)e0? int output thing (e9)? fp/simd (ee)gpr retires (ef)f5f6f7f8fd
100242003715000000000611968725100101010000101000050284768012001820037200371844431876710010201000020200002003720037111002110910101000010000000006402162219785010000102003820038200382003820038
100242003715000000000611968725100101010000101000050284768012001820037200371844431876710010201000020200002003720037111002110910101000010000000006402162219785010000102003820038200382003820038
100242003715000000000661968725100101010000101000050284768012001820037200371844431876710010201000020200002003720037111002110910101000010000000006402162219785010000102003820038200382003820038
100242003715000000000611968725100101010000101000050284768012001820037200371844431876710010201000020200002003720037111002110910101000010000000306402162219785010000102003820038200382003820038
1002420037150000000005361968725100101010000101000050284768012001820037200371844431876710010201000020200002003720037111002110910101000010000000006402162219785010000102003820038200382003820038
1002420037150000000006119687251001010100001010000502847680020018200372003718444318767100102010000202000020037200371110021109101010000100000450006402162219785010000102003820038200382003820038
100242003715200000000611968725100101010000101000050284768012001820037200371844431876710010201000020200002003720037111002110910101000010000000006402162219785010000102003820038200382003820038
100242003715510000000611968725100101010000101000050284768012001820037200371844431876710010201000020200002003720037111002110910101000010000010306402162219785010000102003820038200382003820038
100242003715000000000611968725100101010000101000050284768012001820037200371844431876710010201000020200002003720037111002110910101000010000000006402162219785010000102003820038200382003820038
1002420037150000000001561968725100101010000101000050284768012001820037200371844431876710010201000020200002003720037111002110910101000010000020026402162219785010000102003820038200382003820038

Test 3: Latency 1->3

Code:

  fmin h0, h1, h0
  movi v0.16b, 1
  movi v1.16b, 2

(fused SUBS/B.cc loop)

100 unrolls and 100 iterations

Result (median cycles for code): 2.0037

retire (01)cycle (02)030b191e3f4e51inst issue (52)~issue int (53)~issue fp/simd (54)~dispatch int (56)~dispatch fp/simd (57)huge thing int (59)huge thing fp/simd (5b)60696d6edispatch stall (70)scheduler rewind (75)scheduler stall (76)~dispatch op (78)~map op int (7c)~map op fp/simd (7e)~map lookup int (7f)~map lookup fp/simd (81)8283pipeline redirect (84)85inst all (8c)inst branch (8d)inst branch taken (90)inst b.cc (94)inst integer (97)inst neon or fp (9a)9fa8acc2cfd5d6ddinst fetch restart (de)e0? int output thing (e9)? fp/simd (ee)gpr retires (ef)f5f6f7f8fd
1020420037150000611968725101001001000010010000500284768002001820037200371842231874510100200100002002000020037200371110201100991001001000010000071011611197910100001002003820038200382003820038
1020420037155000611968725101001001000010010000500284768002001820037200371842231874510100200100002002000020037200371110201100991001001000010000071011611197910100001002003820038200382003820038
1020420037150000611968725101001001000010010000500284768002001820037200371842231874510100200100002002000020037200371110201100991001001000010000071011611197910100001002003820038200382003820038
1020420037150000611968725101001001000010010000500284768002001820037200371842231874510100200100002002000020037200371110201100991001001000010000071011611197910100001002003820038200382003820038
1020420037150000611968725101001001000010010000500284768012001820037200371842231874510100200100002002000020037200371110201100991001001000010000071011611197910100001002003820038200382003820038
1020420037150000611968725101001001000010010000500284768002001820037200371842231874510100200100002002000020037200371110201100991001001000010000071011611197910100001002003820038200382003820038
1020420037150000611968725101001001000010010000500284768012001820037200371842231874510100200100002002000020037200371110201100991001001000010000071011611197910100001002003820038201802003820038
1020420037150000611968725101001001000010010000500284768012001820037200371842231874510100200100002002000020037200371110201100991001001000010009071011611197910100001002003820038200382003820038
1020420037150000611968725101001001000010010000500284768012001820037200371842231874510100200100002002000020037200371110201100991001001000010000071011611197910100001002003820038200382003820038
1020420037150000611968725101001001000010010000500284768002001820037200371842231874510100200100002002000020037200371110201100991001001000010000071011611197910100001002003820038200382003820038

1000 unrolls and 10 iterations

Result (median cycles for code): 2.0037

retire (01)cycle (02)030b1e3f4e51inst issue (52)~issue int (53)~issue fp/simd (54)~dispatch int (56)~dispatch fp/simd (57)huge thing int (59)huge thing fp/simd (5b)60696d6edispatch stall (70)scheduler rewind (75)scheduler stall (76)~dispatch op (78)~map op int (7c)~map op fp/simd (7e)~map lookup int (7f)~map lookup fp/simd (81)8283pipeline redirect (84)85inst all (8c)inst branch (8d)inst branch taken (90)inst b.cc (94)inst integer (97)inst neon or fp (9a)9fa8accfd5d6ddinst fetch restart (de)e0? fp/simd (ee)gpr retires (ef)f5f6f7f8fd
10024200371490061196872510010101000010100005028476801200182003720037184443187671001020100002020000200372003711100211091010100001000640216221978510000102003820038200382003820038
10024200371500061196872510010101000010100005028476800200182003720037184443187671001020100002020000200372003711100211091010100001000640216221978510000102003820038200382003820038
10024200371500061196872510010101000010100005028476801200182003720037184443187671001020100002020000200372003711100211091010100001000640216221978510000102003820038200382018220038
10024200371500061196872510010101000010100005028476800200182003720037184443187671001020100002020000200372003711100211091010100001000640216221978510000102003820038200382003820038
10024200371500061196872510010101000010100005028476801200182003720037184443187671001020100002020000200372003711100211091010100001000640216221978510000102003820038200382003820038
10024200371500061196872510010101000010100005028476801200182003720037184443187671001020100002020000200372003711100211091010100001000640216221978510000102003820038200382003820038
10024200371500061196872510010101000010100005028476801200182003720037184443187671001020100002020000200372003711100211091010100001010640216221978510000102003820038200382003820038
10024200371500061196872510010101000010100005028476800200182003720037184443187671001020100002020000200372003711100211091010100001000640216221978510000102003820038200382003820038
10024200371500061196872510010101000010100005028476801200182003720037184443187671001020100002020000200372003711100211091010100001000640216221978510000102003820038200382003820038
10024200371500061196872510010101000010100005028476800200182003720037184443187671001020100002020000200372003711100211091010100001000640216221978510000102003820038200382003820038

Test 4: throughput

Count: 8

Code:

  fmin h0, h8, h9
  fmin h1, h8, h9
  fmin h2, h8, h9
  fmin h3, h8, h9
  fmin h4, h8, h9
  fmin h5, h8, h9
  fmin h6, h8, h9
  fmin h7, h8, h9
  movi v8.16b, 9
  movi v9.16b, 10

(fused SUBS/B.cc loop)

100 unrolls and 100 iterations

Result (median cycles for code divided by count): 0.2505

retire (01)cycle (02)0318191e1f3f51inst issue (52)~issue int (53)~issue fp/simd (54)~dispatch int (56)~dispatch fp/simd (57)huge thing int (59)huge thing fp/simd (5b)60696d6edispatch stall (70)scheduler rewind (75)scheduler stall (76)~dispatch op (78)~map op int (7c)~map op fp/simd (7e)~map lookup int (7f)~map lookup fp/simd (81)8283pipeline redirect (84)85inst all (8c)inst branch (8d)inst branch taken (90)inst b.cc (94)inst integer (97)inst neon or fp (9a)9fa1a6a7a8accfd5d6ddinst fetch restart (de)e0? int output thing (e9)? fp/simd (ee)gpr retires (ef)f5f6f7f8fd
8020420108150000040258010010080000100800005006400000200192003820038997339996801002008000020016000020038200381180201100991001008000010000003511021611200350800001002003920039200392003920039
802042003815000002725258010010080000100800005006400000200192003820038997339996801002008000020016000020038200381180201100991001008000010000010511011611200350800001002003920039200392003920039
8020420038150000040258010010080000100800005006400000200192003820038997339996801002008000020016000020038200381180201100991001008000010000010511011611200350800001002003920039200392003920039
80204200381560300705258010010080000100800005006400000200192003820038997339996801002008000020016000020038200381180201100991001008000010000050511011611200350800001002003920039200392003920039
8020420038150030040258010010080000100800005006400000200192003820038997389996801002008000020016000020038200381180201100991001008000010000010511011611200350800001002003920039200392003920039
8020420038150000040258010010080000100800005006400000200192003820087997339996801002008000020016000020038200381180201100991001008000010000020511011611200350800001002003920039200392003920039
8020420038150000040258010010080000100800005006400000200192003820089997339996801002008000020016000020038200381180201100991001008000010000010511011611200350800001002003920039200392003920039
80204200381500000705258010010080000100800005006400000200192003820038997339996801002008000020016000020038200381180201100991001008000010000020511011611200350800001002003920039200392003920039
8020420038150000040258010010080000100800005006400000200192003820038997339996801002008000020016000020038200381180201100991001008000010000010511011611200350800001002003920039200392003920039
802042003815000411040258010010080000100800005006400000200192003820038997339996801002008000020016000020038200381180201100991001008000010000003511011611200350800001002003920039200392003920039

1000 unrolls and 10 iterations

Result (median cycles for code divided by count): 0.2505

retire (01)cycle (02)030708090a0b18191e1f3f51inst issue (52)~issue int (53)~issue fp/simd (54)~dispatch int (56)~dispatch fp/simd (57)huge thing int (59)huge thing fp/simd (5b)5f60696d6edispatch stall (70)scheduler rewind (75)scheduler stall (76)~dispatch op (78)~map op int (7c)~map op fp/simd (7e)~map lookup int (7f)~map lookup fp/simd (81)8283pipeline redirect (84)85inst all (8c)inst branch (8d)inst branch taken (90)inst b.cc (94)inst integer (97)inst neon or fp (9a)9fa0a1a6a7a8a9acc2cfd5d6ddinst fetch restart (de)e0? int output thing (e9)eb? fp/simd (ee)gpr retires (ef)f5f6f7f8fd
8002420047150000000000392580010108000010800005064000000200192003820038999631001880010208000020160000200382003811800211091010800001000000000502031623200350780000102003920039200392003920039
800242003815000000000039258001010800001080000506400000020019200382003899963100188001020800002016000020038200381180021109101080000100000006305020316322003501580000102003920039200392003920039
80024200381500000000003925800101080000108000050640000002001920038200389996310018800102080000201600002003820038118002110910108000010000000005020616322003501580000102003920039200392003920039
80024200381500000000003925800101080000108000050640000002001920038200389996310018800102080000201600002003820038118002110910108000010000000005020516332003501580000102003920039200392003920039
800242003815000000000039258001010800001080000506400000020019200382003899963100188001020800002016000020038200381180021109101080000100000005705020316322003501580000102003920039200392003920039
80024200381500100000003925800101080000108000050640000002001920038200389996310018800102080000201600002003820038118002110910108000010000000005020316232003501580000102003920039200392003920039
80024200381500000000003925800101080000108000050640000002001920038200389996310018800102080000201600002003820038118002110910108000010000000005020317332003501580000102003920039200392003920039
8002420038150000000000602580010108000010800005064000001200192003820038999631001880010208000020160000200382003811800211091010800001000000000502021623200350780000102003920039200392003920039
80024200381500000000003925800101080000108000050640000002001920038200389996310018800102080000201600002003820038118002110910108000010000000005020516322003501580000102003920039200392003920039
800242003815000000000041925800101080000108000050640000002001920038200389996310018800102080000201600002003820038118002110910108000010000000480502051665200350780000102003920039200392003920039