Apple M1 Microarchitecture Research by Dougall Johnson

Firestorm: Overview | Base Instructions | SIMD and FP Instructions
Icestorm:  Overview | Base Instructions | SIMD and FP Instructions

FMIN (vector, 2D)

Test 1: uops

Code:

  fmin v0.2d, v0.2d, v1.2d
  movi v0.16b, 1
  movi v1.16b, 2

(no loop instructions)

1000 unrolls and 1 iteration

Retires: 1.000

Issues: 1.000

Integer unit issues: 0.000

Load/store unit issues: 0.000

SIMD/FP unit issues: 1.000

retire (01)cycle (02)030b3f4e51inst issue (52)~issue fp/simd (54)~dispatch fp/simd (57)huge thing fp/simd (5b)60696d6edispatch stall (70)scheduler rewind (75)scheduler stall (76)~dispatch op (78)~map op fp/simd (7e)~map lookup fp/simd (81)8283pipeline redirect (84)85inst all (8c)inst neon or fp (9a)a8a9accfd5d6ddinst fetch restart (de)e0? fp/simd (ee)f5f6f7f8fd
1004203715061168725100010001000264680020182037203715723189510001000200020372037111001100000073116111787100020382038203820382038
1004203716061168725100010001000264680020182037203715723189510001000200020372037111001100000073116111787100020382038203820382038
1004203715061168725100010001000264680020182037203715723189510001000200020372037111001100000073116111787100020382038203820382038
1004203715061168725100010001000264680020182037203715723189510001000200020372037111001100000073116111787100020382038203820382038
1004203715061168725100010001000264680020182037203715723189510001000200020372037111001100000073116111787100020382038203820382038
1004203715061168725100010001000264680020182037203715723189510001000200020372037111001100000373116111787100020382038203820382038
1004203716061168725100010001000264680020182037203715723189510001000200020372037111001100010073116111787100020382038203820382038
1004203715061168725100010001000264680020182037203715723189510001000200020372037111001100000073116111787100020382038203820382038
1004203715061168725100010001000264680020182037203715723189510001000200020372037111001100000073116111787100020382038203820382038
10042037150195168725100010001000264680020182037203715723189510001000200020372037111001100000073116111787100020382038203820382038

Test 2: Latency 1->2

Code:

  fmin v0.2d, v0.2d, v1.2d
  movi v0.16b, 1
  movi v1.16b, 2

(fused SUBS/B.cc loop)

100 unrolls and 100 iterations

Result (median cycles for code): 2.0037

retire (01)cycle (02)030b18191e1f3f4e51inst issue (52)~issue int (53)~issue fp/simd (54)~dispatch int (56)~dispatch fp/simd (57)huge thing int (59)huge thing fp/simd (5b)60696d6edispatch stall (70)scheduler rewind (75)scheduler stall (76)~dispatch op (78)~map op int (7c)~map op fp/simd (7e)~map lookup int (7f)~map lookup fp/simd (81)8283pipeline redirect (84)85inst all (8c)inst branch (8d)inst branch taken (90)inst b.cc (94)inst integer (97)inst neon or fp (9a)9fa8acc2cfd5d6ddinst fetch restart (de)e0? fp/simd (ee)gpr retires (ef)f5f6f7f8fd
10204200371500000061196872510100100100001001000050028476801200182003720037184223187451010020010000200200002003720037111020110099100100100001000007101161119791100001002003820038200382003820038
10204200371500000061196872510100100100001001000050028476801200182003720037184223187451010020010000200200002003720037111020110099100100100001000007101161119791100001002003820038200382003820038
102042003715000036061196874410100100100001001000050028476801200182003720037184223187451010020010000200200002003720037111020110099100100100001000007101161119791100001002003820038200382003820038
10204200371500000061196872510100100100001001000050028476801200182003720037184223187451010020010000200200002003720037111020110099100100100001000007101161119791100001002003820038200382003820038
10204200371500000061196872510100100100001001000050028476801200182003720037184223187451010020010000200200002003720037111020110099100100100001000202407101161119791100001002003820038200382003820038
102042003715000030061196872510100100100001001000050028476801200182003720037184223187451010020010000200200002003720037111020110099100100100001000007101161119791100001002003820038200382003820038
10204200371500000061196872510100100100001001000050028476800200182003720037184223187451010020010000200200002003720037111020110099100100100001000007101161119791100001002003820038200382003820038
10204200371500000084196872510100100100001001000050028476801200182003720037184223187451010020010000200200002003720037111020110099100100100001000007101161119791100001002003820038200382003820038
102042003715000054061196872510100100100001001000050028476801200182003720037184223187451010020010000200200002003720037111020110099100100100001000007101161119791100001002003820038200382003820038
10204200371500000061196872510100100100001001000050028476801200182003720037184223187451010020010000200200002003720037111020110099100100100001000007101161119791100001002003820038200382003820038

1000 unrolls and 10 iterations

Result (median cycles for code): 2.0037

retire (01)cycle (02)03080b18191e1f3f4e51inst issue (52)~issue int (53)~issue fp/simd (54)~dispatch int (56)~dispatch fp/simd (57)huge thing int (59)huge thing fp/simd (5b)60696d6edispatch stall (70)scheduler rewind (75)scheduler stall (76)~dispatch op (78)~map op int (7c)~map op fp/simd (7e)~map lookup int (7f)~map lookup fp/simd (81)8283pipeline redirect (84)85inst all (8c)inst branch (8d)inst branch taken (90)inst b.cc (94)inst integer (97)inst neon or fp (9a)9fa0a1a6a8a9acc2cfd5d6ddinst fetch restart (de)e0? int output thing (e9)? fp/simd (ee)gpr retires (ef)f5f6f7f8fd
100242003715000000061196872510010101000010100005028476801200182003720037184443187671001020100002020000200372008411100211091010100001000000006404164319785010000102003820038200382003820038
1002420037150000000611968725100101010000101000050284768012001820037200371844431876710010201000020200002003720037111002110910101000010000002406403163419785010000102003820038200382003820038
100242003715500000061196872510010101000010100005028476801200182003720037184443187671001020100002020000200372003711100211091010100001000020006403164319785010000102003820038200382003820038
100242003715000000061196872510010101000010100005028476801200182003720037184443187671001020100002020000200372003711100211091010100001000000006403163419785010000102003820038200382003820038
100242003715000000061196872510010101000010100005028476801200182003720037184443187671001020100002020000200372003711100211091010100001000010006404164319785010000102003820038200382003820038
100242003715000000061196872510010101000010100005028476801200182003720037184443187671001020100002020000200372003711100211091010100001000040006404165319785010000102003820038200382003820038
100242003715000000061196872510010101000010100005028476801200182003720037184443187671001020100002020000200372003711100211091010100001000020006404164419785010000102003820038200382003820038
100242003715000000061196872510010101000010100005028476801200182003720037184443187671001020100002020000200372003711100211091010100001000020006404164419785010000102003820038200382003820038
100242003715000000061196872510010101000010100005028476801200182003720037184443187671001020100002020000200372003711100211091010100001000050006404164419785010000102003820038200382003820038
1002420037150000000611968725100101010000101000050284768012001820037200371844431876710010201000020200002003720037111002110910101000010000590006403163419785010000102003820038200382003820038

Test 3: Latency 1->3

Code:

  fmin v0.2d, v1.2d, v0.2d
  movi v0.16b, 1
  movi v1.16b, 2

(fused SUBS/B.cc loop)

100 unrolls and 100 iterations

Result (median cycles for code): 2.0037

retire (01)cycle (02)031e3f4e51inst issue (52)~issue int (53)~issue fp/simd (54)~dispatch int (56)~dispatch fp/simd (57)huge thing int (59)huge thing fp/simd (5b)60696d6edispatch stall (70)scheduler rewind (75)scheduler stall (76)~dispatch op (78)~map op int (7c)~map op fp/simd (7e)~map lookup int (7f)~map lookup fp/simd (81)8283pipeline redirect (84)85inst all (8c)inst branch (8d)inst branch taken (90)inst b.cc (94)inst integer (97)inst neon or fp (9a)9fa8accfd5d6ddinst fetch restart (de)e0? fp/simd (ee)gpr retires (ef)f5f6f7f8fd
1020420037150061196872510100100100001001000050028476800200182003720037184223187451010020010000200200002003720037111020110099100100100001000157101161119791100001002003820038200382003820038
102042003715006119687251010010010000100100005002847680020018200372003718422318745101002001000020020000200372003711102011009910010010000100007101161119791100001002003820038200382003820038
102042003715006119687251010010010000100100005002847680020018200372003718422318745101002001000020020000200372003711102011009910010010000100007101161119791100001002003820038200382003820038
102042003715006119687251010010010000100100005002847680120018200372003718422318745101002001000020020000200372003711102011009910010010000100007101161119791100001002003820038200382003820038
102042003715006119687251010010010000100100005002847680020018200372003718422318745101002001000020020000200372003711102011009910010010000100007101161119791100001002003820038200382003820038
102042003715006119687251010010010000100100005002847680020018200372003718422318745101002001000020020000200372003711102011009910010010000100107101161119791100001002003820038200382003820232
102042003715006119687251010010010000100100005002847680020018200372003718422318745101002001000020020000200372003711102011009910010010000100007101161119791100001002003820038200382003820038
10204200371500611968725101001001000010010000500284768002001820037200371842231874510100200100002002000020037200371110201100991001001000010001147101161119791100001002003820038200382003820038
102042003715006119687251010010010000100100005002847680020018200372003718422318745101002001000020020000200372003711102011009910010010000100197101161119791100001002003820038200382003820038
10204200371500844196872510100100100001001000050028476800200182003720037184223187451010020010000200200002003720037111020110099100100100001005107101161119791100001002003820038200382003820038

1000 unrolls and 10 iterations

Result (median cycles for code): 2.0037

retire (01)cycle (02)031e3f4e51inst issue (52)~issue int (53)~issue fp/simd (54)~dispatch int (56)~dispatch fp/simd (57)huge thing int (59)huge thing fp/simd (5b)60696d6edispatch stall (70)scheduler rewind (75)scheduler stall (76)~dispatch op (78)~map op int (7c)~map op fp/simd (7e)~map lookup int (7f)~map lookup fp/simd (81)8283pipeline redirect (84)85inst all (8c)inst branch (8d)inst branch taken (90)inst b.cc (94)inst integer (97)inst neon or fp (9a)9fa8accdcfd5d6ddinst fetch restart (de)e0? fp/simd (ee)gpr retires (ef)f5f6f7f8fd
10024200371500611968725100101010000101000050284768002001820037200371845431876710010201000020200002003720037111002110910101000010130640216221978510000102003820038200382003820038
10024200371500611968725100101010000101000050284768002001820037200371844431876710010201000020200002003720037111002110910101000010000640216221978510000102003820038200382003820038
100242003715021611968725100101010000101000050284768002001820037200371844431876710010201000020200002003720037111002110910101000010100640216221978510000102003820038200382003820038
100242003715006119687251001010100001010000502847680120018200372003718444318767100102010000202000020037200371110021109101010000106210640216221978510000102003820038200382003820038
100242003715002511968725100101010000101000050284768012001820037200371844431876710010201000020200002003720037111002110910101000010000640216221978510000102003820038200382003820038
10024200371500611968725100101010000101000050284768012001820037200371844431876710010201000020200002003720037111002110910101000010100640216221978510000102003820038200382003820038
10024200371500611968725100101010000101000050284768012001820037200371844431876710010201000020200002003720037111002110910101000010060640216221978510000102003820038200382003820038
10024200371500611968725100101010000101000050284768012001820037200371844431876710010201000020200002003720037111002110910101000010000640216221978510000102003820038200382003820038
10024200371500611968725100101010000101000050284768012001820037200371844431876710010201000020200002003720037111002110910101000010000640216221978510000102003820038200382003820038
10024200371500991968725100101010000101000050284768012001820037200371844431876710010201000020200002003720037111002110910101000010000640216221978510000102003820038200382003820038

Test 4: throughput

Count: 8

Code:

  fmin v0.2d, v8.2d, v9.2d
  fmin v1.2d, v8.2d, v9.2d
  fmin v2.2d, v8.2d, v9.2d
  fmin v3.2d, v8.2d, v9.2d
  fmin v4.2d, v8.2d, v9.2d
  fmin v5.2d, v8.2d, v9.2d
  fmin v6.2d, v8.2d, v9.2d
  fmin v7.2d, v8.2d, v9.2d
  movi v8.16b, 9
  movi v9.16b, 10

(fused SUBS/B.cc loop)

100 unrolls and 100 iterations

Result (median cycles for code divided by count): 0.2505

retire (01)cycle (02)0318191e1f3f51inst issue (52)~issue int (53)~issue fp/simd (54)~dispatch int (56)~dispatch fp/simd (57)huge thing int (59)huge thing fp/simd (5b)60696d6edispatch stall (70)scheduler rewind (75)scheduler stall (76)~dispatch op (78)~map op int (7c)~map op fp/simd (7e)~map lookup int (7f)~map lookup fp/simd (81)8283pipeline redirect (84)85inst all (8c)inst branch (8d)inst branch taken (90)91inst b.cc (94)inst integer (97)inst neon or fp (9a)9fa6a8accfd5d6ddinst fetch restart (de)e0? int output thing (e9)? fp/simd (ee)gpr retires (ef)f5f6f7f8fd
802042005815000004025801001008000010080000500640000120019200382014599823999680100200800002001601962003820038118020110099010010080000100026511021611200350800001002003920039200392003920039
802042003815000004025801001008000010080000500640000020019200382003899733999680100200800002001600002003820038118020110099010010080000100013511011611200350800001002003920039200392003920039
802042003815000004025801001008000010080000500640000020019200382003899733999680100200800002001600002003820038118020110099010010080000100000511011611200350800001002003920039200392003920089
802042003815000004025801001008000010080000500640000020019200382003899733999680100200800002001600002003820100118020110099010010080000100000511011611200350800001002003920039200392003920039
802042003815000004025801001008000010080000500640000120019200382003899733999680100200800002001600002003820038118020110099010010080000100006511011611200350800001002003920039200392003920039
802042003815000008225801001008000010080000500640000020019200382003899733999680100200800002001600002003820038118020110099010010080000100003511011611200350800001002003920039200392003920039
802042003815000004025801001008000010080000500640000020019200382003899733999680100200800002001600002003820038118020110099010010080000100003511011611200350800001002003920039200392003920039
802042003815001008225801001008000011080000500640000020019200382003899733999680100200800002001600002003820038118020110099010010080000100206512611611200350800001002003920039200392003920039
8020420038150001204025801001008000010080000500640000020019200382003899733999680100200800982001600002003820038118020110099010010080000100060511011611200350800001002003920039200392003920039
802042003815000004025801001008000010080000500640000020019200382003899733999680100200800002001600002003820038118020110099010010080000100009511011611200350800001002003920039200392003920039

1000 unrolls and 10 iterations

Result (median cycles for code divided by count): 0.2505

retire (01)cycle (02)030b1e3f51inst issue (52)~issue int (53)~issue fp/simd (54)~dispatch int (56)~dispatch fp/simd (57)huge thing int (59)huge thing fp/simd (5b)5f60696d6edispatch stall (70)scheduler rewind (75)scheduler stall (76)~dispatch op (78)~map op int (7c)~map op fp/simd (7e)~map lookup int (7f)~map lookup fp/simd (81)8283pipeline redirect (84)85inst all (8c)inst branch (8d)inst branch taken (90)inst b.cc (94)inst integer (97)inst neon or fp (9a)9fa8accfd0d5d6ddinst fetch restart (de)e0? fp/simd (ee)gpr retires (ef)f5f6f7f8fd
80024200471500039258001010800001080000506400000120019200382003899963100188001020800002016000020038200381180021109101080000100050200216422003580000102003920039200392003920039
80024200381500039258001010800001080000506400000120019200382003899963100188001020800002016000020038200381180021109101080000100050200216222003580000102003920039200392003920039
80024200381500039258001010800001080000506400000120019200382003899963100188001020800002016000020038200381180021109101080000100050200316342003580000102003920039200392003920039
80024200381500039258001010800001080000506400000120019200382003899963100188001020800002016000020038200381180021109101080000100050200216422003580000102003920039200392003920039
80024200381510039258001010800001080000506400000120019200382003899963100188010720800002016000020038200381180021109101080000100050200216222003580000102003920039200392003920039
80024200381500039258001010800001080000506400000020019200382003899963100188001020800002016000020038200381180021109101080000100050200216222003580000102003920039200392003920039
800242003815001539258001010800001080000506400000020019200382003899963100188001020800002016000020038200381180021109101080000100050200316222007680000102003920039200392003920039
80024200381500039258001010800001080000506400000020019200382003899963100188001020800992016000020038200381180021109101080000101650200416222003580000102003920039200392003920039
800242003815200392580010108000010800005064000000200192003820038999631001880010208000020160000200382003811800211091010800001031350200216222003580000102003920039200392003920039
80024200381500039258001010800001080000506400000020019200382003899963100188001020800002016000020038200381180021109101080000100050200216222003580000102003920039200392003920039