Apple M1 Microarchitecture Research by Dougall Johnson

Firestorm: Overview | Base Instructions | SIMD and FP Instructions
Icestorm:  Overview | Base Instructions | SIMD and FP Instructions

MUL (by element, 4H)

Test 1: uops

Code:

  mul v0.4h, v0.4h, v1.h[1]
  movi v0.16b, 1
  movi v1.16b, 2

(no loop instructions)

1000 unrolls and 1 iteration

Retires: 1.000

Issues: 1.000

Integer unit issues: 0.000

Load/store unit issues: 0.000

SIMD/FP unit issues: 1.000

retire (01)cycle (02)03181e3f4e51inst issue (52)~issue fp/simd (54)~dispatch fp/simd (57)huge thing fp/simd (5b)696d6edispatch stall (70)scheduler rewind (75)scheduler stall (76)~dispatch op (78)~map op fp/simd (7e)~map lookup fp/simd (81)8283pipeline redirect (84)85inst all (8c)inst neon or fp (9a)a8accfd5d6ddinst fetch restart (de)e0? fp/simd (ee)f5f6f7f8fd
100430372300612548251000100010003983133018303730372415328951000100020003037303711100110000673116112630100030383038303830383038
100430372200612548251000100010003983133018303730372415328951000100020003037303711100110000073116112630100030383038303830383038
100430372200612548251000100010003983133018303730372415328951000100020003037303711100110000373116112630100030383038303830383038
100430372200612548251000100010003983133018303730372415328951000100020003037303711100110001073116112630100030383038303830383038
100430372300612548251000100010003983133018303730372415328951000100020003037303711100110000073116112630100030383038303830383038
100430372300612548251000100010003983133018303730372415328951000100020003037303711100110000073116112630100030383038303830383038
100430372200612548251000100010003983133018303730372415328951000100020003037303711100110000073116112630100030383038303830383038
100430372210612548251000100010003983133018303730372415328951000100020003037303711100110000073116112630100030383038303830383038
100430372200822548251000100010003983133018303730372415328951000100020003037303711100110000073116112630100030383038303830383038
100430372300612548251000100010003983133018303730372415328951000100020003037303711100110000073116112630100030383038303830383038

Test 2: Latency 1->2

Code:

  mul v0.4h, v0.4h, v1.h[1]
  movi v0.16b, 1
  movi v1.16b, 2

(fused SUBS/B.cc loop)

100 unrolls and 100 iterations

Result (median cycles for code): 3.0037

retire (01)cycle (02)031e1f3f4e51inst issue (52)~issue int (53)~issue fp/simd (54)~dispatch int (56)~dispatch fp/simd (57)huge thing int (59)huge thing fp/simd (5b)696d6edispatch stall (70)scheduler rewind (75)scheduler stall (76)~dispatch op (78)~map op int (7c)~map op fp/simd (7e)~map lookup int (7f)~map lookup fp/simd (81)8283pipeline redirect (84)85inst all (8c)inst branch (8d)inst branch taken (90)inst b.cc (94)inst integer (97)inst neon or fp (9a)9fa8accfd5d6ddinst fetch restart (de)e0? fp/simd (ee)gpr retires (ef)f5f6f7f8fd
1020430037224007062954825101001001000010010000500427731330018300373003728265328745101002001000020020000300373003711102011009910010010000100107101161129634100001003003830038300383003830038
1020430037224002292954825101001001000010010000500427731330018300373003728265328745101002001000020020000300373003711102011009910010010000100007101161129634100001003003830038300383003830038
1020430037225001262954825101001001000010010000500427731330018300373003728265328745101002001000020020000300373003711102011009910010010000100007101161129634100001003003830038300383003830038
1020430037225005032954825101001001000010010000500427731330018300373003728265328745101002001000020020000300373003711102011009910010010000100007101161129634100001003003830038300383003830038
102043003722500842954825101001001000010010000500427731330018300373003728265328745101002001000020020000300373003711102011009910010010000100007101162129634100001003003830038300383003830038
102043003722500612954825101001001000010010000500427731330018300373003728265328745101002001000020020000300373003711102011009910010010000100007101161129634100001003003830038300383003830038
1020430037225001872954825101001001000010010000500427731330018300373003728265328745101002001017520020000300373003711102011009910010010000100007101160129634100001003003830038300383003830038
1020430037224002142954825101001001000010010000500427731330018300373003728265328745101002001000020020000300373003711102011009910010010000100007101161129634100001003003830038300383003830038
102043003722500612954825101001001000010010000500427731330018300373003728265328745101002001000020020000300373003711102011009910010010000100007101161129634100001003003830038300383003830038
1020430037225001662954825101001001000010010000500427731330018300373003728265328745101002001000020020000300373003711102011009910010010000100037101161129670100001003003830038300383003830086

1000 unrolls and 10 iterations

Result (median cycles for code): 3.0037

retire (01)cycle (02)031e3f4e51inst issue (52)~issue int (53)~issue fp/simd (54)~dispatch int (56)~dispatch fp/simd (57)huge thing int (59)huge thing fp/simd (5b)60696d6edispatch stall (70)scheduler rewind (75)scheduler stall (76)~dispatch op (78)~map op int (7c)~map op fp/simd (7e)~map lookup int (7f)~map lookup fp/simd (81)8283pipeline redirect (84)85inst all (8c)inst branch (8d)inst branch taken (90)inst b.cc (94)inst integer (97)inst neon or fp (9a)9fa8accdcfd5d6ddinst fetch restart (de)e0? fp/simd (ee)gpr retires (ef)f5f6f7f8fd
100243003722501032954825100101010000101000050427731313001830037300372828732876710010201000020200003003730037111002110910101000010100640216222963010000103003830038300383003830038
10024300372250612954825100101010000101000050427731313001830037300372828732876710010201000020200003003730037111002110910101000010000640216222963010000103003830038300383003830038
10024300372250612954825100101010000101000050427731313001830037300372828732876710010201000020200003003730037111002110910101000010000640216222963010000103003830038300383003830038
10024300372250612954825100101010000101000050427731303001830037300372828732876710010201000020200003003730037111002110910101000010000640216222963010000103003830038300383003830038
10024300372250612954825100101010000101000050427731313001830037300372828732876710010201000020200003003730037111002110910101000010000640216322963010000103003830038300383003830038
10024300372251291452954825100101010000101000050427731313001830037300372828732876710010201000020200003003730037111002110910101000010000640216322963010000103003830038300383003830038
10024300372250662954825100101010000101000050427731313001830037300372828732876710010201000020200003003730037111002110910101000010000640216322963010000103003830038300383003830038
10024300372250612954825100101010000101000050427731303001830037300372828732876710010201000020200003003730037111002110910101000010000640216222963010000103003830038300383003830038
10024300372250612954825100101010000101000050427731313001830037300372828732876710010201000020200003003730037111002110910101000010000640216322963010000103003830038300383003830038
10024300372250612954825100101010000101000050427731313001830037300372828732878710010201000020200003003730037111002110910101000010000640216332966810000103003830038300383003830038

Test 3: Latency 1->3

Code:

  mul v0.4h, v1.4h, v0.h[1]
  movi v0.16b, 1
  movi v1.16b, 2

(fused SUBS/B.cc loop)

100 unrolls and 100 iterations

Result (median cycles for code): 3.0037

retire (01)cycle (02)0318191e1f3f4e51inst issue (52)~issue int (53)~issue fp/simd (54)~dispatch int (56)~dispatch fp/simd (57)huge thing int (59)huge thing fp/simd (5b)696d6edispatch stall (70)scheduler rewind (75)scheduler stall (76)~dispatch op (78)~map op int (7c)~map op fp/simd (7e)~map lookup int (7f)~map lookup fp/simd (81)8283pipeline redirect (84)85inst all (8c)inst branch (8d)inst branch taken (90)inst b.cc (94)inst integer (97)inst neon or fp (9a)9fa8acc2cfd5d6ddinst fetch restart (de)e0? fp/simd (ee)gpr retires (ef)f5f6f7f8fd
1020430037225000012629548251010010010000100100005004277313300183003730037282653287451010020010000200200003003730037111020110099100100100001000007101163129634100001003003830038300383003830038
1020430037225000017029548251010010010000100100005004277313300183003730037282653287451010020010000200200003003730037111020110099100100100001000007101162129634100001003003830038300383003830038
102043003722500006129548251010010010000100100005004277313300183003730037282653287451010020010000200200003003730037111020110099100100100001000007101162129634100001003003830038300383003830038
102043003722500006129548251010010010000100100005004277313300183003730037282653287451010020010000200200003003730037111020110099100100100001000007101162229634100001003003830038300383003830038
102043003722500006129548251010010010000100100005004277313300183003730037282653287451010020010000200200003003730037111020110099100100100001000007101162129634100001003003830038300383003830038
102043003722500006129548251010010010000100100005004277313300183003730037282653287451010020010000200200003003730037111020110099100100100001000007101162129634100001003003830038300383003830038
102043003722500006129548251010010010000100100005004277313300183003730037282653287451010020010000200200003003730037111020110099100100100001000007101161129634100001003003830038300383003830038
102043003722500006129548251010010010000100100005004277313300183003730037282653287451010020010000200200003003730037111020110099100100100001000007101162129634100001003003830038300383003830038
102043003722500006129548251010010010000100100005004277313300183003730037282653287451010020010000200200003003730037111020110099100100100001000007101161229634100001003003830038300383003830038
102043003722500006129548251010010010000100100005004277313300183003730037282653287451010020010000200200003003730037111020110099100100100001000007101162129634100001003003830038300383003830038

1000 unrolls and 10 iterations

Result (median cycles for code): 3.0037

retire (01)cycle (02)031e3f4e51inst issue (52)~issue int (53)~issue fp/simd (54)~dispatch int (56)~dispatch fp/simd (57)huge thing int (59)huge thing fp/simd (5b)60696d6edispatch stall (70)scheduler rewind (75)scheduler stall (76)~dispatch op (78)~map op int (7c)~map op fp/simd (7e)~map lookup int (7f)~map lookup fp/simd (81)8283pipeline redirect (84)85inst all (8c)inst branch (8d)inst branch taken (90)inst b.cc (94)inst integer (97)inst neon or fp (9a)9fa1a6a8a9acc2cfd5d6ddinst fetch restart (de)e0? fp/simd (ee)gpr retires (ef)f5f6f7f8fd
100243003722506129548251001010100001010000504277313030018300373003728287132876710010201000020200003003730037111002110910101000010000000640416222963010000103003830038300383003830038
1002430037224420612954864100101010000101000050427731303001830037300372828732876710010201000020200003003730037111002110910101000010000000640216222963010000103003830038300383003830038
10024300372250612954825100101010000101000050427731313001830037300372828732876710010201000020200003003730037111002110910101000010004200640216222963010000103003830038300383003830038
10024300372330612954825100101010000131000050427731313001830037300372828732876710010201000020200003003730037111002110910101000010001060640216222963010000103003830038300383003830038
10024300372240612954825100101010000101000050427731313001830037300372828732876710010201000020200003003730037111002110910101000010000000640216222963010000103003830038300383003830038
10024300372250612954825100101010000101000050427731313001830037300372828732876710159201000020200003003730037111002110910101000010000000640216222963010000103003830038300383003830038
10024300372250612954825100101010000101000050427731313001830037300372828732876710010201000020200003003730037111002110910101000010000000640216222963010000103003830038300383003830038
10024300372250612954825100101010000101000050427731313001830037300372828732876710010201000020200003003730037111002110910101000010000000640216222963010000103003830038300383003830038
10024300372250612954825100101010000101000050427731313001830037300372828732876710010201000020200003003730037111002110910101000010000000640216222963010000103003830038300383003830038
100243003722512612954825100101010000101000050427731313001830037300372828732876710010201000020200003003730037111002110910101000010000000640216222963010000103003830038300383003830038

Test 4: throughput

Count: 8

Code:

  mul v0.4h, v8.4h, v9.h[1]
  mul v1.4h, v8.4h, v9.h[1]
  mul v2.4h, v8.4h, v9.h[1]
  mul v3.4h, v8.4h, v9.h[1]
  mul v4.4h, v8.4h, v9.h[1]
  mul v5.4h, v8.4h, v9.h[1]
  mul v6.4h, v8.4h, v9.h[1]
  mul v7.4h, v8.4h, v9.h[1]
  movi v8.16b, 9
  movi v9.16b, 10

(fused SUBS/B.cc loop)

100 unrolls and 100 iterations

Result (median cycles for code divided by count): 0.2505

retire (01)cycle (02)031e3f51inst issue (52)~issue int (53)~issue fp/simd (54)~dispatch int (56)~dispatch fp/simd (57)huge thing int (59)huge thing fp/simd (5b)60696d6edispatch stall (70)scheduler rewind (75)scheduler stall (76)~dispatch op (78)~map op int (7c)~map op fp/simd (7e)~map lookup int (7f)~map lookup fp/simd (81)8283pipeline redirect (84)85inst all (8c)inst branch (8d)inst branch taken (90)inst b.cc (94)inst integer (97)inst neon or fp (9a)9facc2cfd5d6ddinst fetch restart (de)e0? int output thing (e9)? fp/simd (ee)gpr retires (ef)f5f6f7f8fd
8020420060150041258010010080000100800005006400001200202003920039997339997801002008000020016000020039200391180201100991001008000010000511021611200360800001002004020040200402004020040
8020420039150041258010010080000100800005006400001200202003920039997339997801002008000020016000020039200391180201100991001008000010000511011611200360800001002004020040200402004020040
8020420039150041258010010080000100800005006400001200202003920039998239997801002008000020016000020039200391180201100991001008000010000511011611200360800001002004020040200402004020040
80204200391500611258010010080000100800005006400001200202003920039997339997801002008000020016000020039200391180201100991001008000010000511011611200360800001002004020040200402004020040
8020420039150041258010010080000100800005006400001200202003920039997339997801002008000020016000020039200391180201100991001008000010000511011611200360800001002004020040200402004020040
8020420039150041258010010080000100800005006400001200202003920039997339997801002008000020016000020039200391180201100991001008000010000511011611200360800001002004020040200402004020040
8020420039150041258010010080000100800005006400001200202003920039997339997801002008000020016000020039200391180201100991001008000010000511011611200360800001002004020040200902004020040
8020420039150041258010010080000100800005006400001200202003920039997339997801002008000020016000020039200391180201100991001008000010032511011611200360800001002004020040200402004020040
8020420039150341258010010080000100800005006400001200202003920039997339997801002008000020016000020039200391180201100991001008000010000511011611200360800001002004020040200402004020040
8020420039150041258010010080000100800005006400001200202003920039997339997801002008000020016000020039200391180201100991001008000010000511011611200360800001002004020040200402004020040

1000 unrolls and 10 iterations

Result (median cycles for code divided by count): 0.2505

retire (01)cycle (02)031e3f51inst issue (52)~issue int (53)~issue fp/simd (54)~dispatch int (56)~dispatch fp/simd (57)huge thing int (59)huge thing fp/simd (5b)60696d6edispatch stall (70)scheduler rewind (75)scheduler stall (76)~dispatch op (78)~map op int (7c)~map op fp/simd (7e)~map lookup int (7f)~map lookup fp/simd (81)8283pipeline redirect (84)85inst all (8c)inst branch (8d)inst branch taken (90)inst b.cc (94)inst integer (97)inst neon or fp (9a)9fa1a6acc2branch mispredict (cb)cfd5d6ddinst fetch restart (de)e0? fp/simd (ee)gpr retires (ef)f5f6f7f8fd
80024200481500402580010108000010800005064000012002020039200399996310019800102080000201600002003920039118002110910108000010000005020616352003680000102004020040200402004020040
8002420039150192402580010108008010800005064000012002020039200399996310019800102080000201600002003920039118002110910108000010010005020516532003680000102004020040200402004020040
800242003915024402580010108000010800005064000012002020039200399996310019800102080000201600002003920039118002110910108000010000005020316352003680000102004020040200402004020040
800242003915027402580010108000010800005064000012002020039200399996310019800102080000201600002003920039118002110910108000010000005020316352003680000102004020040200402004020040
80024200391500402580010108000010800005064000012002020039200399996310019800102080000201600002003920039118002110910108000010000005020416532003680000102004020040200402004020040
80024200391500402580010108000010800005064000012002020039200399996310019800102080000201600002003920039118002110910108000010000005020516532003680000102004020040200402004020040
80024200391500402580010108000010800005064000012002020039200399996310019800102080000201600002003920039118002110910108000010000005020316552003680000102004020040200402004020040
80024200391500402580010108000010800005064000012002020039200399996310019800102080000201600002003920039118002110910108000010000005020516532003680000102004020040200402004020040
800242003915004025800101080000108000050640000120020200392003910011310019800102080000201600002003920039118002110910108000010000005020316452003680000102004020040200402004020040
80024200391500402580010108000010800005064000012002020039200399996310019800102080000201600002003920039118002110910108000010100005056575552023080000102004020040200402004020040