Apple M1 Microarchitecture Research by Dougall Johnson

Firestorm: Overview | Base Instructions | SIMD and FP Instructions
Icestorm:  Overview | Base Instructions | SIMD and FP Instructions

PMULL2 (1Q)

Test 1: uops

Code:

  pmull2 v0.1q, v0.2d, v1.2d
  movi v0.16b, 1
  movi v1.16b, 2

(no loop instructions)

1000 unrolls and 1 iteration

Retires: 1.000

Issues: 1.000

Integer unit issues: 0.000

Load/store unit issues: 0.000

SIMD/FP unit issues: 1.000

retire (01)cycle (02)033a3f4e51inst issue (52)~issue fp/simd (54)~dispatch fp/simd (57)huge thing fp/simd (5b)696d6edispatch stall (70)scheduler rewind (75)scheduler stall (76)~dispatch op (78)~map op fp/simd (7e)~map lookup fp/simd (81)8283pipeline redirect (84)85inst all (8c)inst neon or fp (9a)accfd5d6ddinst fetch restart (de)e0? fp/simd (ee)f5f6f7f8fd
1004303723061254825100010001000398313301830373037241532895100010002000303730371110011000073116112630100030383038303830383038
10043037230269254825100010001000398313301830373037241532895100010002000303730371110011000073116112630100030383038303830383038
1004303723061254825100010001000398313301830373037241532895100010002000303730371110011000073116112630100030383038303830383038
1004303723061254825100010001000398313301830373037241532895100010002000303730371110011000073116112630100030383038303830383038
1004303723061254825100010001000398313301830373037241532895100010002000303730371110011000073116112630100030383038303830383038
1004303723061254825100010001000398313301830373037241532895100010002000303730371110011000073116112630100030383038303830383038
1004303723061254825100010001000398313301830373037241532895100010002000303730371110011000073116112630100030383038303830383038
10043037230103254825100010001000398313301830373037241532895100010002000303730371110011000073116112630100030383038303830383038
1004303723082254825100010001000398313301830373037241532895100010002000303730371110011000073116112630100030383038303830383038
1004303723082254825100010001000398313301830373037241532895100010002000303730371110011000073116112630100030383038303830383038

Test 2: Latency 1->2

Code:

  pmull2 v0.1q, v0.2d, v1.2d
  movi v0.16b, 1
  movi v1.16b, 2

(fused SUBS/B.cc loop)

100 unrolls and 100 iterations

Result (median cycles for code): 3.0037

retire (01)cycle (02)03080918191e3f4e51inst issue (52)~issue int (53)~issue fp/simd (54)~dispatch int (56)~dispatch fp/simd (57)huge thing int (59)huge thing fp/simd (5b)60696d6edispatch stall (70)scheduler rewind (75)scheduler stall (76)~dispatch op (78)~map op int (7c)~map op fp/simd (7e)~map lookup int (7f)~map lookup fp/simd (81)8283pipeline redirect (84)85inst all (8c)inst branch (8d)inst branch taken (90)inst b.cc (94)inst integer (97)inst neon or fp (9a)9fa0a8accfd5d6ddinst fetch restart (de)e0? int output thing (e9)? fp/simd (ee)gpr retires (ef)f5f6f7f8fd
102043003722500000612954825101001001000810010000500427731303001830037300372826932874510100200100002002000030037300371110201100991001001000010001971011611296340100001003003830038300383003830038
102043003722500010612954825101001181000010010000500427731303001830037300372826532874510100200100002002000030037300371110201100991001001000010000071011611296340100001003003830038300383003830038
1020430037225000006129548251010010010000100100005004277313030018300373003728265328745101002001000020020000300373003711102011009910010010000100091671021611296340100001003003830038300383003830038
1020430037225000036612954825101001001000010010000500427731303001830037300372826532874510100200100002002000030037300371110201100991001001000010000071011611296340100001003003830038300383003830038
10204300372240000012429548251010010010000100100005004277313030018300373008528265328745101002001000020020000300373003711102011009910010010000100015171011611296340100001003003830038300383003830038
102043003722500000612954825101001001000010010000500427731303001830037300372826532874510100200100002002000030037300371110201100991001001000010000073211611296340100001003003830038300383003830038
102043003722500000822954825101001001000010010000500427731303001830037300372826532874510100200100002002000030037300371110201100991001001000010000071011611296340100001003003830038300383003830038
1020430037225000006129548251010010010000100100005004277313130018300373003728265328745101002001000020020000300373003711102011009910010010000100006071011611296340100001003003830038300383003830038
102043003722500000612954825101001001000010010000500427731303001830037300372826532874510100200100002002000030037300371110201100991001001000010000071011611296340100001003003830038300853003830038
102043003722400009612954825101001001000010010000500427731313001830037300372826532874510100202100002002000030037300371110201100991001001000010001671011611296690100001003003830038300383003830038

1000 unrolls and 10 iterations

Result (median cycles for code): 3.0037

retire (01)cycle (02)030b18191e1f3f4e51inst issue (52)~issue int (53)~issue fp/simd (54)~dispatch int (56)~dispatch fp/simd (57)huge thing int (59)huge thing fp/simd (5b)60696d6edispatch stall (70)scheduler rewind (75)scheduler stall (76)~dispatch op (78)~map op int (7c)~map op fp/simd (7e)~map lookup int (7f)~map lookup fp/simd (81)8283pipeline redirect (84)85inst all (8c)inst branch (8d)inst branch taken (90)inst b.cc (94)inst integer (97)inst neon or fp (9a)9fa1a8a9accdcfd5d6ddinst fetch restart (de)e0? int output thing (e9)? fp/simd (ee)gpr retires (ef)f5f6f7f8fd
100243003722500000862954825100101010000101000050427731313001830037300372828732876710010201000020200003003730037111002110910101000010200006402162229630010000103003830038300383003830038
100243003722400000612954825100101010000101000050427731313001830037300372828732876710010201000020200003003730037111002110910101000010000006402162229630010000103003830038300383022530038
100243003722500000612954844100101010000101000050427731313001830037300372829532876710010201000020200003003730037111002110910101000010000006402162229630010000103003830038300383003830038
100243003722400000612954825100101010000101000050427731313001830037300372828732876710010201000020200003003730037111002110910101000010000006402162229630010000103003830038300383003830038
100243003722400000612954825100101010000101000050427731313001830037300372828732876710010201000020200003003730037111002110910101000010000006402162229630010000103003830038300383003830038
100243003722500000612954825100101010000101000050427731313001830037300372828732876710010201000020200003003730037111002110910101000010000006402162229630010000103003830038300383003830038
100243003722500000612954825100101010000101000050427731313001830037300372828732876710010201000020200003003730037111002110910101000010000006402162229630010000103003830038302243003830038
100243003722500000612954825100101010000101000050427860713001830037300372828732876710010201000020200003003730037111002110910101000010000006402162229630010000103003830038300383003830038
100243003722500000612954825100101010000101000050427731313001830037300372828732876710010201000020200003003730037111002110910101000010010306402162229630010000103003830038300383003830038
100243003722500000612954825100101010000101000050427731313001830037300372828732876710010201000020200003003730037111002110910101000010000016402162229630010000103003830038300383003830038

Test 3: Latency 1->3

Code:

  pmull2 v0.1q, v1.2d, v0.2d
  movi v0.16b, 1
  movi v1.16b, 2

(fused SUBS/B.cc loop)

100 unrolls and 100 iterations

Result (median cycles for code): 3.0037

retire (01)cycle (02)031e3f4e51inst issue (52)~issue int (53)~issue fp/simd (54)~dispatch int (56)~dispatch fp/simd (57)huge thing int (59)huge thing fp/simd (5b)60696d6edispatch stall (70)scheduler rewind (75)scheduler stall (76)~dispatch op (78)~map op int (7c)~map op fp/simd (7e)~map lookup int (7f)~map lookup fp/simd (81)8283pipeline redirect (84)85inst all (8c)inst branch (8d)inst branch taken (90)inst b.cc (94)inst integer (97)inst neon or fp (9a)9fa8a9acc2branch mispredict (cb)cfd5d6ddinst fetch restart (de)e0? fp/simd (ee)gpr retires (ef)f5f6f7f8fd
102043003722506129548251010010010000100100005004277313130018300373003728265328745101002001000020020000300373003711102011009910010010000100000007101161129634100001003003830038300383003830038
1020430037225010329548251010010010000100100005004277313130018300373003728267328745102532001000020020000300373003711102011009910010010000100020007101161129634100001003003830038300383003830038
102043003722506129548441013210010000100100005004277313130018300373003728265328745101002001000020020000300373003711102011009910010010000100000007101161129634100001003003830038300383021730038
1020430037225015629548251010010010000100100005004277313130018300373008828265328745101002001000020020000300373003711102011009910010010000100000007101161129634100001003003830038300383003830038
102043003722506129548251010010010000100100005004277313130018300373003728265328745101002001000020020000300373003711102011009910010010000100120207101161129634100001003003830038300383008630038
102043003722506129548251010010010000100100005004277313130018300373003728265328745101002001000020020000300373003711102011009910010010000100000007101161129634100001003003830038300383003830038
102043003722506129548251010010010000100100005004277313130018300373003728265328745101002001000020020000300373003711102011009910010010000100000007101161129634100001003003830038300383003830038
102043003722506129548251010010010000100100005004277313130162300373003728265328745101002001000020020000300373003711102011009910010010000100000007101161129634100001003003830038300383008630038
102043003722506129548251010010010000121100005004277313130018300373003728265328745101002001000020020000300373003711102011009910010010000100000007101161129634100001003003830038300383003830038
102043003722506129548251010010010000100100005004277313130018300373003728265328745101002001000020020000300373003711102011009910010010000100000007101161129634100001003003830038300383003830038

1000 unrolls and 10 iterations

Result (median cycles for code): 3.0037

retire (01)cycle (02)031e3f4e51inst issue (52)~issue int (53)~issue fp/simd (54)~dispatch int (56)~dispatch fp/simd (57)huge thing int (59)huge thing fp/simd (5b)60696d6edispatch stall (70)scheduler rewind (75)scheduler stall (76)~dispatch op (78)~map op int (7c)~map op fp/simd (7e)~map lookup int (7f)~map lookup fp/simd (81)8283pipeline redirect (84)85inst all (8c)inst branch (8d)inst branch taken (90)inst b.cc (94)inst integer (97)inst neon or fp (9a)9fa0a7a8a9accfd5d6ddinst fetch restart (de)e0? fp/simd (ee)gpr retires (ef)f5f6f7f8fd
10024300372250103295482510010101000010100005042773130300183003730037282873287671001020100002020000300373003711100211091010100001000000640416442963010000103003830038300383003830038
1002430037225061295482510010101000010100005042773130300183003730037282873287671001020100002020000300373003711100211091010100001000000640316442963010000103003830038300383003830038
1002430037225061295482510010101000010100005042773130300183003730037282873287671001020100002020000300373003711100211091010100001000000640416432963010000103003830038300383003830038
1002430037225061295482510010101000010100005042773130300183003730037282873287671001020100002020000300373003711100211091010100001000000640416442963010000103003830038300383003830038
1002430037225061295482510010101000010100005042786700300183003730084282873287671001020100002020000300373003711100211091010100001000000640424442963010000103003830038300383003830038
1002430037224061295482510010101000010100005042773130300183003730037282873287671001020100002020000300373003711100211091010100001000000640316342963010000103003830038300383003830038
1002430037225061295482510010101000010100005042773130300183003730037282873287671001020100002020000300373003711100211091010100001000000640416342963010000103003830038300383003830038
1002430037225082295482510010101000010100005042773130300183003730037282873287671001020100002020000300373003711100211091010100001000000640216442963010000103003830038300383003830038
1002430037225061295482510010101000010100005042773130300183003730037282873287671001020100002020000300373003711100211091010100001000000640416442963010000103003830038300383003830038
10024300372250726295482510019101000010100005042773130300183003730037282873287671001020100002020000300373003711100211091010100001000000640416442963010000103003830038300383003830038

Test 4: throughput

Count: 8

Code:

  pmull2 v0.1q, v8.2d, v9.2d
  pmull2 v1.1q, v8.2d, v9.2d
  pmull2 v2.1q, v8.2d, v9.2d
  pmull2 v3.1q, v8.2d, v9.2d
  pmull2 v4.1q, v8.2d, v9.2d
  pmull2 v5.1q, v8.2d, v9.2d
  pmull2 v6.1q, v8.2d, v9.2d
  pmull2 v7.1q, v8.2d, v9.2d
  movi v8.16b, 9
  movi v9.16b, 10

(fused SUBS/B.cc loop)

100 unrolls and 100 iterations

Result (median cycles for code divided by count): 0.2505

retire (01)cycle (02)0318191e1f3f51inst issue (52)~issue int (53)~issue fp/simd (54)~dispatch int (56)~dispatch fp/simd (57)huge thing int (59)huge thing fp/simd (5b)60696d6edispatch stall (70)scheduler rewind (75)scheduler stall (76)~dispatch op (78)~map op int (7c)~map op fp/simd (7e)~map lookup int (7f)~map lookup fp/simd (81)8283pipeline redirect (84)85inst all (8c)inst branch (8d)inst branch taken (90)inst b.cc (94)inst integer (97)inst neon or fp (9a)9fa6a8a9acc2cfd5d6ddinst fetch restart (de)e0? fp/simd (ee)gpr retires (ef)f5f6f7f8fd
802042006015000004125801001008000010080000500640000020020200392003999733999780100200800002001600002003920039118020110099100100800001000000051102161120036800001002004020040200402004020040
802042003914900004125801001008000010080000500640000020020200392003999733999780100200800002001600002003920039118020110099100100800001000000051101161120036800001002004020040200402004020040
802042003915000004125801001008000010080000500640000120020200392003999733999780100200800002001600002003920039118020110099100100800001000000051101161120036800001002004020040200402004020040
802042003915000004125801001008000010080000500640000020020200392003999733999780100200800002001600002003920039118020110099100100800001000000051101161120036800001002004020040200402004020040
802042003915000004125801001008000010080000500640000020020200392003999733999780100200800002001600002003920039118020110099100100800001000000051101161120036800001002004020190200402004020040
802042003915000004125801001008000010080000500640000020020200392003999733999780100200800002001602082003920113118020110099100100800001000000051101161120036800001002004020040200402004020040
802042003915000004125801001008000010080000500640000020020200392003999733999780100200800002001600002003920039118020110099100100800001000000051101161120036800001002004020040200402004020040
802042003915000004125801001008000010080000500640000020020200392003999733999780100200800002001600002003920039118020110099100100800001000000051101161120036800001002004020040200402004020040
802042003915000004125801001008000010080000500640000020020200392003999733999780100200800002001600002003920039118020110099100100800001000000051101161120036800001002004020040200402004020040
802042003915000004125801001008000010080000500640000020020200392003999733999780100200800002001600002003920039118020110099100100800001000100051101161120036800001002004020194200402004020040

1000 unrolls and 10 iterations

Result (median cycles for code divided by count): 0.2505

retire (01)cycle (02)03091e3f51inst issue (52)~issue int (53)~issue fp/simd (54)~dispatch int (56)~dispatch fp/simd (57)huge thing int (59)huge thing fp/simd (5b)60696d6edispatch stall (70)scheduler rewind (75)scheduler stall (76)~dispatch op (78)~map op int (7c)~map op fp/simd (7e)~map lookup int (7f)~map lookup fp/simd (81)8283pipeline redirect (84)85inst all (8c)inst branch (8d)inst branch taken (90)inst b.cc (94)inst integer (97)inst neon or fp (9a)9fa8accfd5d6daddinst fetch restart (de)e0? int output thing (e9)eaeb? fp/simd (ee)gpr retires (ef)f5f6f7f8fd
800242003915000402580010108000010800005064000012002020039200391001231001980010208000020160000200392003911800211091010800001000502031603520036088080000102004020040200402004020040
80024200391500040258001010800001080000506400001200202003920039999631001980010208000020160000200392003911800211091010800001009502041603420036090080000102004020040200402004020040
80024200391500040258001010800001080000506400001200202003920039999631001980010208000020160000200392003911800211091010800001003502031603420036070080000102004020040200402004020040
80024200391500040258001010800001080000506400001200202003920039999631001980010208000020160000200392003911800211091010800001003502041604320036069080000102004020040200402004020040
80024200391500040258001010800001080000506400001200712003920039999631001980010208000020160000200392003911800211091010800001020502051605420036070080000102004020040200402004020040
80024200391500040258001010800001080000506400001200202003920039999631001980010208000020160000200392003911800211091010800001000502031603420036069080000102004020040200402004020040
80024200391500040258001010800001080000506400001200202003920039999631001980010208000020160000200392003911800211091010800001000502051603420036070080000102004020040200402004020040
80024200391500040258001010800001080000506400001200202003920039999631001980010208000020160000200392003911800211091010800001009502041604520036090080000102004020040200402004020040
80024200391500040258001010800001080000506400000200202003920039999631001980010208000020160000200392003911800211091010800001000502051605520036070080000102004020040200402004020040
80024200391500040258001010800001080000506400001200202003920039999631001980010208000020160000200392003911800211091010800001000502031603320036070080000102004020040200402004020040