Apple M1 Microarchitecture Research by Dougall Johnson

Firestorm: Overview | Base Instructions | SIMD and FP Instructions
Icestorm:  Overview | Base Instructions | SIMD and FP Instructions

SMAXP (vector, 8H)

Test 1: uops

Code:

  smaxp v0.8h, v0.8h, v1.8h
  movi v0.16b, 1
  movi v1.16b, 2

(no loop instructions)

1000 unrolls and 1 iteration

Retires: 1.000

Issues: 1.000

Integer unit issues: 0.000

Load/store unit issues: 0.000

SIMD/FP unit issues: 1.000

retire (01)cycle (02)030b1e3f4e51inst issue (52)~issue fp/simd (54)~dispatch fp/simd (57)huge thing fp/simd (5b)60696d6edispatch stall (70)scheduler rewind (75)scheduler stall (76)~dispatch op (78)~map op fp/simd (7e)~map lookup fp/simd (81)8283pipeline redirect (84)85inst all (8c)inst neon or fp (9a)a8accfd5d6ddinst fetch restart (de)e0? fp/simd (ee)f5f6f7f8fd
1004203715006116872510001000100026468002018203720371572318951000100020002037203711100110000073116111787100020382038203820382038
1004203715006116872510001000100026468002018203720371572318951000100020002037203711100110000073116111787100020382038203820382038
1004203715006116872510001000100026468002018203720371572318951000100020002037203711100110000073116111787100020382038203820382038
1004203715006116872510001000100026468002018203720371572318951000100020002037203711100110000073116111787100020382038203820382038
1004203715006116872510001000100026468002018203720371572318951000100020002037203711100110000073116111787100020382038203820382038
10042037150061168725100010001000264680020182037203715723189510001000200020372037111001100001273116111787100020382038203820382038
10042037150156116872510001000100026468012018203720371572318951000100020002037203711100110000073116111787100020382038203820382038
1004203715006116872510001000100026468012018203720371572318951000100020002037203711100110000073116111787100020382038203820382038
1004203715006116872510001000100026468002018203720371572318951000100020002037203711100110000073116111787100020382038203820382038
1004203715006116872510001000100026468002018203720371572318951000100020002037203711100110000073116111787100020382038203820382038

Test 2: Latency 1->2

Code:

  smaxp v0.8h, v0.8h, v1.8h
  movi v0.16b, 1
  movi v1.16b, 2

(fused SUBS/B.cc loop)

100 unrolls and 100 iterations

Result (median cycles for code): 2.0037

retire (01)cycle (02)03070a1e3f4e51inst issue (52)~issue int (53)~issue fp/simd (54)~dispatch int (56)~dispatch fp/simd (57)huge thing int (59)huge thing fp/simd (5b)60696d6edispatch stall (70)scheduler rewind (75)scheduler stall (76)~dispatch op (78)~map op int (7c)~map op fp/simd (7e)~map lookup int (7f)~map lookup fp/simd (81)8283pipeline redirect (84)85inst all (8c)inst branch (8d)inst branch taken (90)inst b.cc (94)inst integer (97)inst neon or fp (9a)9fa7a8acc5branch mispredict (cb)cdcfd5d6ddinst fetch restart (de)e0? fp/simd (ee)gpr retires (ef)f5f6f7f8fd
102042003715011061196872510100100100001001000050028476801200182003720037184297187401010020010008200200162003720037111020110099100100100001000031117181161119805100001002003820038200382003820038
102042003715011061196872510100100100001001000050028476800200182003720037184223187451010020010000200200002003720037111020110099100100100001000000007102162219791100001002003820038200382003820038
102042003715000061196872510100100100001001000050028476800200182003720037184223187451010020010000200200002003720037111020110099100100100001000000007102162219791100001002003820038200382003820038
1020420037150000251196872510100100100001001000050028476800200182003720037184223187451010020010000200200002003720037111020210099100100100001000000007102162219791100001002003820038200382003820038
102042003715000061196872510100100100001001000050028476801200182003720037184223187451010020010000200200002003720037111020110099100100100001000100007102162219791100001002003820038200382003820038
102042003715000061196872510100100100001001000050028476800200182003720037184223187451010020010000200200002003720037111020110099100100100001000030007102162219791100001002003820038200382003820038
102042003715000061196872510100100100001001000050028476800200182003720037184223187451010020010000200200002003720037111020110099100100100001000000007102162219791100001002003820038200382003820038
102042003715000061196872510100100100001001000050028476801200182003720037184223187451010020010000200200002003720037111020110099100100100001000000007102162219791100001002003820038200382003820038
102042003715000061196872510100100100001001000050028476800200182003720037184223187451010020010000200200002003720037111020110099100100100001000000007102162219791100001002003820038200382003820038
102042003715000061196872510100100100001001000050028476801200182003720037184223187451010020010000200200002003720037111020110099100100100001001000007102162219791100001002003820038200382003820038

1000 unrolls and 10 iterations

Result (median cycles for code): 2.0037

retire (01)cycle (02)031e3f4e51inst issue (52)~issue int (53)~issue fp/simd (54)~dispatch int (56)~dispatch fp/simd (57)huge thing int (59)huge thing fp/simd (5b)60696d6edispatch stall (70)scheduler rewind (75)scheduler stall (76)~dispatch op (78)~map op int (7c)~map op fp/simd (7e)~map lookup int (7f)~map lookup fp/simd (81)8283pipeline redirect (84)85inst all (8c)inst branch (8d)inst branch taken (90)inst b.cc (94)inst integer (97)inst neon or fp (9a)9fa0a1a8accfd5d6ddinst fetch restart (de)e0? fp/simd (ee)gpr retires (ef)f5f6f7f8fd
100242003715006119687251001010100001010000502847680120018200372003718444318767100102010000202000020037200371110021109101010000100000640216221978510000102003820038200382003820038
100242003715006119687251001010100001010000502847680020018200372003718444318767100102010000202000020037200371110021109101010000100000640216221978510000102003820038200382003820038
100242003715006119687251001010100001010000502847680020018200372003718444318767100102010000202000020037200371110021109101010000100000640216221978510000102003820038200382003820038
100242003715096119687251001010100001010000502847680020018200372003718444318767100102010000202000020037200371110021109101010000100000640216221978510000102003820038200382003820038
100242003715006119687251001010100001010000502847680120018200372003718444318767100102010000202000020037200371110021109101010000100003640216221978510000102003820038200382003820038
10024200371500726196872510010101000010100005028476800200182003720037184443187671001020100002020000200372003711100211091010100001000154640216221978510000102003820038200382003820038
100242003715006119687251001010100001010000502847680020018200372003718444318767100102010000202000020037200371110021109101010000100000640216221978510000102003820038200382003820038
100242003715006119687251001010100001010000502847680020018200372003718444318767100102010000202000020037200371110021109101010000100000640216221978510000102003820038200382003820038
100242003715006119687251001010100001010000502847680020018200372003718444318767100102010000202000020037200371110021109101010000100003640216221978510000102003820038200382003820038
100242003715006119687251001010100001010000502847680120018200372003718444318767100102010000202000020037200371110021109101010000100000640216221978510000102003820038200382003820038

Test 3: Latency 1->3

Code:

  smaxp v0.8h, v1.8h, v0.8h
  movi v0.16b, 1
  movi v1.16b, 2

(fused SUBS/B.cc loop)

100 unrolls and 100 iterations

Result (median cycles for code): 2.0037

retire (01)cycle (02)033f4e51inst issue (52)~issue int (53)~issue fp/simd (54)~dispatch int (56)~dispatch fp/simd (57)huge thing int (59)huge thing fp/simd (5b)60696d6edispatch stall (70)scheduler rewind (75)scheduler stall (76)~dispatch op (78)~map op int (7c)~map op fp/simd (7e)~map lookup int (7f)~map lookup fp/simd (81)8283pipeline redirect (84)85inst all (8c)inst branch (8d)inst branch taken (90)inst b.cc (94)inst integer (97)inst neon or fp (9a)9fa0a1a8accfd5d6ddinst fetch restart (de)e0? int output thing (e9)? fp/simd (ee)gpr retires (ef)f5f6f7f8fd
10204200371506119687251010010010000100100005002847680120018200372003718422318745101002001000020020000200372003711102011009910010010000100001071011611197910100001002003820038200382003820038
10204200371506119687251010010010000100100005002847680120018200372003718422318745101002001000020020000200372003711102011009910010010000100002071011611197910100001002003820038200382003820038
10204200371506119687251010010010000100100005002847680020018200372003718422318745101002001000020020000200372003711102011009910010010000100000071011611197910100001002003820038200382003820038
10204200371506119687251010010010000100100005002847680020018200372003718422318745101002001000020020000200372003711102011009910010010000100000071011611197910100001002003820038200382003820038
10204200371506119687251010010010000100100005002847680020018200372003718422318745101002001000020020000200372003711102011009910010010000100000371011611197910100001002003820038200382003820038
10204200371506119687251010010010000100100005002847680120018200372003718422318745101002001000020020000200372003711102011009910010010000100000071011611197910100001002003820038200382003820038
102042003715044119687251010010010000100100005002847680020018200372003718422318745101002001000020020000200372003711102011009910010010000100000071011611197910100001002003820038200382003820038
10204200371506119687251010010010000100100005002847680020018200372003718422318745101002001000020020000200372003711102011009910010010000100000073911611197910100001002003820038200382003820038
10204200371506119687251010010010000100100005002847680120018200372003718422318745101002001000020020000200372003711102011009910010010000100001371011611197910100001002003820038200382003820038
10204200371506119687251010010010000100100005002847680020018200372003718422318745101002001000020020000200372003711102011009910010010000100000071011611197910100001002003820038200382003820038

1000 unrolls and 10 iterations

Result (median cycles for code): 2.0037

retire (01)cycle (02)03080b18191e1f3a3f4e51inst issue (52)~issue int (53)~issue fp/simd (54)~dispatch int (56)~dispatch fp/simd (57)huge thing int (59)huge thing fp/simd (5b)60696d6edispatch stall (70)scheduler rewind (75)scheduler stall (76)~dispatch op (78)~map op int (7c)~map op fp/simd (7e)~map lookup int (7f)~map lookup fp/simd (81)8283pipeline redirect (84)85inst all (8c)inst branch (8d)inst branch taken (90)inst b.cc (94)inst integer (97)inst neon or fp (9a)9fa0a1a6a8a9acc2branch mispredict (cb)cfd5d6ddinst fetch restart (de)e0? int output thing (e9)? fp/simd (ee)gpr retires (ef)f5f6f7f8fd
100242003715000002400611968725100101010000101000050284768012001820037200371844431876710010201000020200002003720037111002110910101000010000000006402162219785010000102003820038200382008620038
100242008515000101418801031968725100101010012101000055284896302009020037200371844471876710010201000020200002003720037111002110910101000010000000006402162219785010000102003820038200382003820038
10024200371500000000611968725100101010000101000050284768002001820037200371844431876710010201000020200002003720037111002110910101000010000102080016402162219785010000102003820038200382003820038
10024200371500000000611968725100101010000101000050284768012001820037200371844431876710010201000020200002003720037111002110910101000010000003006402162219785010000102003820038200382003820038
10024200371500000000611968725100101010000101000050284768002001820037200371844431876710010201000020200002003720037111002110910101000010000000006402162219785010000102003820038200382003820038
100242003715000300001031968725100101010000101000050284768002001820037200371844431876710010201000020200002003720037111002110910101000010000000006402162219785010000102003820038200382003820038
10024200371500000000611968725100101010000101000050284768002001820037200371844431876710010201000020200002003720037111002110910101000010000100006402162219785010000102003820038200382003820038
10024200371500000000611968725100101010000101000050284768002001820037200371844431876710010201000020200002003720037111002110910101000010000000006402162219785010000102003820038200382003820038
10024200371500000000611968725100101010000101000050284768002001820037200371844431876710010201000020200002003720037111002110910101000010000000006402162219785010000102003820038200382003820038
100242003715000000006941968725100101010000101000050284768002001820037200371844431876710010201000020200002003720037111002110910101000010000000006402162219785010000102003820038200382003820038

Test 4: throughput

Count: 8

Code:

  smaxp v0.8h, v8.8h, v9.8h
  smaxp v1.8h, v8.8h, v9.8h
  smaxp v2.8h, v8.8h, v9.8h
  smaxp v3.8h, v8.8h, v9.8h
  smaxp v4.8h, v8.8h, v9.8h
  smaxp v5.8h, v8.8h, v9.8h
  smaxp v6.8h, v8.8h, v9.8h
  smaxp v7.8h, v8.8h, v9.8h
  movi v8.16b, 9
  movi v9.16b, 10

(fused SUBS/B.cc loop)

100 unrolls and 100 iterations

Result (median cycles for code divided by count): 0.2505

retire (01)cycle (02)031e3f51inst issue (52)~issue int (53)~issue fp/simd (54)~dispatch int (56)~dispatch fp/simd (57)huge thing int (59)huge thing fp/simd (5b)60696d6edispatch stall (70)scheduler rewind (75)scheduler stall (76)~dispatch op (78)~map op int (7c)~map op fp/simd (7e)~map lookup int (7f)~map lookup fp/simd (81)8283pipeline redirect (84)85inst all (8c)inst branch (8d)inst branch taken (90)inst b.cc (94)inst integer (97)inst neon or fp (9a)9fa0a1a6a8a9accfd5d6ddinst fetch restart (de)e0? fp/simd (ee)gpr retires (ef)f5f6f7f8fd
80204200491500126258010010080000100800005006400000200192003820038997339996801002008000020016000020038200381180201100991001008000010000000051103161120035800001002003920039200392003920039
8020420038150040258010010080000100800005006400000200192003820038997339996801002008000020016000020038200381180201100991001008000010000010351101161120035800001002003920039200392003920039
8020420038150040258010010080000100800005006400000200192003820038997339996801002008000020016000020038200382180201100991001008000010000010351101161120035800001002003920039200392003920039
80204200381501861258010010080000100800005006400000200192003820038997339996801002008000020016000020038200381180201100991001008000010000312051101161120035800001002003920039200392003920039
8020420038150040258010010080000100800005006400001200192003820038997339996801002008000020016000020038200381180201100991001008000010000010351101161120035800001002003920039200392003920039
802042003815015103258010010080000100800005006400000200192003820038997339996801002008000020016000020038200381180201100991001008000010000010351101161120035800001002003920039200392003920039
80204200381500172258010010080000100800005006400000200192003820038997339996801002008000020016000020038200381180201100991001008000010000010051101161120035800001002003920039200392003920039
8020420038150040258010010080000100800005006400000200192003820038997339996801002008000020016000020038200381180201100991001008000010000000051101161120035800001002003920039200392003920039
8020420038150040258010010080000113800005006400001200192003820038997339996801002008000020016000020038200381180201100991001008000010000000051101161120035800001002003920039200392003920039
8020420038150040258010010080000100800005006400000200192003820038997339996801002008000020016000020038200381180201100991001008000010000000051101161120035800001002003920039200392003920039

1000 unrolls and 10 iterations

Result (median cycles for code divided by count): 0.2505

retire (01)cycle (02)031e3f51inst issue (52)~issue int (53)~issue fp/simd (54)~dispatch int (56)~dispatch fp/simd (57)huge thing int (59)huge thing fp/simd (5b)60696d6edispatch stall (70)scheduler rewind (75)scheduler stall (76)~dispatch op (78)~map op int (7c)~map op fp/simd (7e)~map lookup int (7f)~map lookup fp/simd (81)8283pipeline redirect (84)85inst all (8c)inst branch (8d)inst branch taken (90)inst b.cc (94)inst integer (97)inst neon or fp (9a)9fa8accfd5d6ddinst fetch restart (de)e0? fp/simd (ee)gpr retires (ef)f5f6f7f8fd
80024200471500392580010108000010800005064000002001920038200389996310018800102080000201600002003820038118002110910108000010005020231622222003580000102003920039200392003920039
800242003815006025800101080000108000050640000020019200382003899962610018800102080000201600002003820038118002110910108000010005020221622222003580000102003920039200392003920039
800242003815004672580010108000010800005064000002001920038200389996310018800102080000201600002003820038118002110910108000010005020221611222003580000102003920039200392003920039
800242003815007042580010108000010800005064000002001920038200389996310018800102080000201600002003820038118002110910108000010005020221622222003580000102003920039200392003920039
80024200381490392580010108000010800005064000002001920038200389996310018800102080000201600002003820038118002110910108000010005020221622222003580000102003920039200392003920039
80024200381500812580010108000010800005064000002001920038200389996310018800102080000201600002003820038118002110910108000010005020111622112003580000102003920039200392003920039
80024200381500812580010108000010800005064000002001920038200389996310018800102080000201600002003820038118002110910108000010005020221622222003580000102003920039200392003920039
800242003815001022580010108000010800005064000002001920038200389996310018800102080000201600002003820038118002110910108000010005020101622112003580000102003920039200392003920039
8002420038150039258001010800001080000506400000200192003820038999631001880010208000020160000200382003811800211091010800001000502022169222003580000102003920039200392003920039
800242003815001232580010108000010800005064000002001920038200389996310018800102080000201600002003820038118002110910108000010005020111622112003580000102003920039200392003920039