Apple M1 Microarchitecture Research by Dougall Johnson

Firestorm: Overview | Base Instructions | SIMD and FP Instructions
Icestorm:  Overview | Base Instructions | SIMD and FP Instructions

SMAX (vector, 2S)

Test 1: uops

Code:

  smax v0.2s, v0.2s, v1.2s
  movi v0.16b, 1
  movi v1.16b, 2

(no loop instructions)

1000 unrolls and 1 iteration

Retires: 1.000

Issues: 1.000

Integer unit issues: 0.000

Load/store unit issues: 0.000

SIMD/FP unit issues: 1.000

retire (01)cycle (02)031e3f4e51inst issue (52)~issue fp/simd (54)~dispatch fp/simd (57)huge thing fp/simd (5b)696d6edispatch stall (70)scheduler rewind (75)scheduler stall (76)~dispatch op (78)~map op fp/simd (7e)~map lookup fp/simd (81)8283pipeline redirect (84)85inst all (8c)inst neon or fp (9a)a8accfd5d6ddinst fetch restart (de)e0? fp/simd (ee)f5f6f7f8fd
10042037150611687251000100010002646802018203720371572318951000100020002037203711100110000073116111787100020382038203820382038
10042037160611687251000100010002646802018203720371572318951000100020002037203711100110000073116111787100020382038203820382038
10042037150611687251000100010002646802018203720371572318951000100020002037203711100110000073116111787100020382038203820382038
10042037150611687251000100010002646802018203720371572318951000100020002037203711100110000073116111787100020382038203820382038
10042037150611687251000100010002646802018203720371572318951000100020002037203711100110000073116111787100020382038203820382038
10042037156611687251000100010002646802018203720371572318951000100020002037203711100110000673116111787100020382038203820382038
10042037150611687251000100010002646802018203720371572318951000100020002037203711100110000073116111787100020382038203820382038
10042037150611687251000100010002646802018203720371572318951000100020002037203711100110000073116111787100020382038203820382038
10042037159611687251000100010002646802018203720371572318951000100020002037203711100110000673116111787100020382038203820382038
10042037150611687251000100010002646802018203720371572318951000100020002037203711100110000073116111787100020382038203820382038

Test 2: Latency 1->2

Code:

  smax v0.2s, v0.2s, v1.2s
  movi v0.16b, 1
  movi v1.16b, 2

(fused SUBS/B.cc loop)

100 unrolls and 100 iterations

Result (median cycles for code): 2.0037

retire (01)cycle (02)030a1e3f4e51inst issue (52)~issue int (53)~issue fp/simd (54)~dispatch int (56)~dispatch fp/simd (57)huge thing int (59)huge thing fp/simd (5b)60696d6edispatch stall (70)scheduler rewind (75)scheduler stall (76)~dispatch op (78)~map op int (7c)~map op fp/simd (7e)~map lookup int (7f)~map lookup fp/simd (81)8283pipeline redirect (84)85inst all (8c)inst branch (8d)inst branch taken (90)inst b.cc (94)inst integer (97)inst neon or fp (9a)9fa1a8acc2c5cfd5d6ddinst fetch restart (de)e0? int output thing (e9)? fp/simd (ee)gpr retires (ef)f5f6f7f8fd
10204200371500156536196872510100100100001001000050028476800200182003720037184223187451010020010000200200002003720037111020110099100100100001000000071011611197910100001002003820038200382003820038
1020420037150043261196872510100100100001001000050028476800200182003720037184223187451010020010000200200002003720037111020110099100100100001000000071011611197910100001002003820038200382003820038
10204200371500061196872510100100100001001000050028476800200182003720037184223187451010020010000200200002003720037111020110099100100100001000000071011611197910100001002003820038200382003820038
102042003715002161196872510100100100001001000050028476800200182003720037184223187451010020010000200200002003720037111020110099100100100001000000071011611197910100001002003820038200382003820038
1020420037150018661196872510100100100001001000050028476800200182003720037184223187451010020010000200200002003720037111020110099100100100001000000071011611197910100001002003820038200382003820038
102042003715006661196872510100100100001001000050028476800200182003720037184223187451010020010000200200002003720037111020110099100100100001000000071011611197910100001002003820038200382008520038
102042003715000611968725101001001000010010000500284768002001820037200371842231874510100200100002002000020037200371110201100991001001000010000000710116121994019100001002003820038200382003820038
10204200371500061196872510100100100001001000050028476800200182003720037184223187451010020010000200200002003720037111020110099100100100001000000071011611197910100001002003820038200382003820038
10204200371510061196872510100100100001001000050028476800200182003720037184223187451010020010000200200002003720037111020110099100100100001000000071011611197910100001002003820038200382003820038
10204200371500061196872510100100100001001000050028476800200182003720037184223187451010020010000200200002003720037111020110099100100100001000000071011611197910100001002003820038200382003820038

1000 unrolls and 10 iterations

Result (median cycles for code): 2.0037

retire (01)cycle (02)031e3f4e51inst issue (52)~issue int (53)~issue fp/simd (54)~dispatch int (56)~dispatch fp/simd (57)huge thing int (59)huge thing fp/simd (5b)60696b6d6edispatch stall (70)72scheduler rewind (75)scheduler stall (76)~dispatch op (78)~map op int (7c)~map op fp/simd (7e)~map lookup int (7f)~map lookup fp/simd (81)8283pipeline redirect (84)85inst all (8c)inst branch (8d)inst branch taken (90)inst b.cc (94)inst integer (97)inst neon or fp (9a)9fa8acc2cfd5d6ddinst fetch restart (de)e0? fp/simd (ee)gpr retires (ef)f5f6f7f8fd
1002420037150213420196872510010101000010100005028476801200180200372003718444031876710010201016320200002003720037111002110910101000010000640216221978510000102003820038200382003820038
100242003715014761196872510010101000010100005028476801200180200372003718444031876710010201000020200002003720037111002110910101000010000640216221978510000102003820038200382003820038
100242003715030061196872510010101000010100005028476801200180200372003718444031876710010201000020200002003720037111002110910101000010000640216221978510000102003820038200382003820038
100242003715045061196872510010101000010100005028476801200180200372003718444031876710010201000020200002003720037111002110910101000010000640216221978510000102003820038200382003820038
10024200371505161196872510010101000010100005028476801200180200372003718444031876710010201000020200002003720037111002110910101000010000640216221978510000102003820038200382003820038
10024200371502761196872510010101000010100005028476801200180200372003718444031876710010201000020200002003720037111002110910101000010000640216231978510000102003820038200382003820038
1002420037150061196872510010101000010100005028476801200180200372003718444031876710010201000020200002003720037111002210910101000010000640216221978510000102003820038200382003820038
10024200371501861196872510010101000010100005028476801200180200372003718444031876710010201000020200002003720037111002110910101000010000640216221978510000102003820038200382003820038
10024200371507261196872510010101000010100005028476801200180200372003718444031876710010201000020200002003720037111002110910101000010000640216221978510000102003820038200382003820038
10024200371500611968725100101010000101000050284768012001802003720037184440231876710010201000020200002003720037111002110910101000010000640216221978510000102003820038200382003820038

Test 3: Latency 1->3

Code:

  smax v0.2s, v1.2s, v0.2s
  movi v0.16b, 1
  movi v1.16b, 2

(fused SUBS/B.cc loop)

100 unrolls and 100 iterations

Result (median cycles for code): 2.0037

retire (01)cycle (02)03080b1e3f4e51inst issue (52)~issue int (53)~issue fp/simd (54)~dispatch int (56)~dispatch fp/simd (57)huge thing int (59)huge thing fp/simd (5b)60696d6edispatch stall (70)scheduler rewind (75)scheduler stall (76)~dispatch op (78)~map op int (7c)~map op fp/simd (7e)~map lookup int (7f)~map lookup fp/simd (81)8283pipeline redirect (84)85inst all (8c)inst branch (8d)inst branch taken (90)inst b.cc (94)inst integer (97)inst neon or fp (9a)9fa1a8accfd5d6ddinst fetch restart (de)e0? int output thing (e9)? fp/simd (ee)gpr retires (ef)f5f6f7f8fd
10204200371500024611968725101001001000010010000500284768012001820037200371842231874510100200100002002000020037200371110201100991001001000010000071011611197910100001002003820038200382003820038
1020420037150000611968725101001001000010010000500284768012001820037200371842231874510100200100002002000020037200371110201100991001001000010000071011611197910100001002003820038200382003820038
102042003715000231611968725101001001000010010000500284768012001820037200371842231874510100200100002002000020037200371110201100991001001000010000071011611197910100001002003820038200382003820038
1020420037150000611968725101001001000010010000500284768012001820037200371842231874510100200100002002000020037200371110201100991001001000010000071011611197910100001002003820038200382003820038
1020420037150000611968725101001001000010010000500284768012001820037200371842231874510100200100002002000020037200371110201100991001001000010000071011611197910100001002003820038200382003820038
1020420037150000611968725101001001000010010000500284768012001820037200371842231874510100200100002002000020037200371110201100991001001000010000071011611197910100001002003820038200382003820038
102042003715000180611968725101001001000010010000500284768012001820037200371842231874510100200100002002000020037200371110201100991001001000010000071011611197910100001002003820038200382003820038
102042003715000132611968725101001001000010010000500284768012001820037200371842231874510100200101802002000020037200371110201100991001001000010000071011611197910100001002003820038200382003820038
1020420037150000611968725101001001000010010000500284768012001820037200371842231874510100200100002002000020037200371110201100991001001000010000071011611197910100001002003820038200382003820038
1020420037150000611968725101001001000010010000500284768012001820037200371842231874510100200100002002000020037200371110201100991001001000010000071011611197910100001002003820038200382003820038

1000 unrolls and 10 iterations

Result (median cycles for code): 2.0037

retire (01)cycle (02)030818191e1f3a3f4e51inst issue (52)~issue int (53)~issue fp/simd (54)~dispatch int (56)~dispatch fp/simd (57)huge thing int (59)huge thing fp/simd (5b)60696d6edispatch stall (70)scheduler rewind (75)scheduler stall (76)~dispatch op (78)~map op int (7c)~map op fp/simd (7e)~map lookup int (7f)~map lookup fp/simd (81)8283pipeline redirect (84)85inst all (8c)inst branch (8d)inst branch taken (90)inst b.cc (94)inst integer (97)inst neon or fp (9a)9fa0a1a6a8a9acc2cfd5d6ddinst fetch restart (de)e0? int output thing (e9)? fp/simd (ee)gpr retires (ef)f5f6f7f8fd
100242003715000000061196872510010101000010100005028476801200182003720037184443187671001020100002020000200372003711100211091010100001000000006402162219785010000102003820038200382003820038
100242003715000000061196872510010101000010100005028476801200182003720037184443187671001020100002020000200372003711100211091010100001000000006402162219785010000102003820038200382003820038
100242003715000000061196872510010101000010100005028476800200182003720037184443187671001022100002020000200372003711100211091010100001000000006402162219785010000102003820038200382003820038
1002420037150000120061196872510010101000010100005028476800200182003720037184443187671001020100002020000200372003711100211091010100001000000006402162219785010000102003820038200382003820038
1002420037150000120061196872510010101000010100005028476801200182003720037184443187671001020100002020000200372003711100211091010100001000000006402162219785010000102003820038200382003820038
1002420037150000150061196872510010101000010100005028476801200182003720037184443187671001020100002020000200372003711100211091010100001000000006402162219785010000102003820038200382003820038
100242003715000060061196872510010101000010100005028476801200182003720037184443187671001020100002020000200372003711100211091010100001000000006402162219785010000102003820038200382003820038
1002420037150000390061196872510010101000010100005028476800200182003720037184443187671001020100002020000200372003711100211091010100001000000006402162219785010000102003820038200382003820038
100242003715000000061196872510010101000010100005028476801200182003720037184443187671001020100002020000200372003711100211091010100001000000006402162219785010000102003820038200382003820038
100242003715000030061196872510010101000010100005028476801200182003720037184443187671001020100002020000200372003711100211091010100001000000006402162219785010000102003820038200382003820038

Test 4: throughput

Count: 8

Code:

  smax v0.2s, v8.2s, v9.2s
  smax v1.2s, v8.2s, v9.2s
  smax v2.2s, v8.2s, v9.2s
  smax v3.2s, v8.2s, v9.2s
  smax v4.2s, v8.2s, v9.2s
  smax v5.2s, v8.2s, v9.2s
  smax v6.2s, v8.2s, v9.2s
  smax v7.2s, v8.2s, v9.2s
  movi v8.16b, 9
  movi v9.16b, 10

(fused SUBS/B.cc loop)

100 unrolls and 100 iterations

Result (median cycles for code divided by count): 0.2505

retire (01)cycle (02)030b181e3f51inst issue (52)~issue int (53)~issue fp/simd (54)~dispatch int (56)~dispatch fp/simd (57)huge thing int (59)huge thing fp/simd (5b)60696d6edispatch stall (70)scheduler rewind (75)scheduler stall (76)~dispatch op (78)~map op int (7c)~map op fp/simd (7e)~map lookup int (7f)~map lookup fp/simd (81)8283pipeline redirect (84)85inst all (8c)inst branch (8d)inst branch taken (90)inst b.cc (94)inst integer (97)inst neon or fp (9a)9fa0a8accfd5d6ddinst fetch restart (de)e0? fp/simd (ee)gpr retires (ef)f5f6f7f8fd
8020420038150009961258010010080000100800005006400001200192003820038997339996801002008000020016000020038200381180201100991001008000010020051104164520035800001002003920039200392003920039
8020420038150001240258010010080000100800005006400001200192003820038997339996801002008000020016000020038200381180201100991001008000010000051104165420035800001002003920039200392003920039
802042003815000040258010010080000100800005006400001200192003820038997339996801002008000020016000020038200381180201100991001008000010000051104164420035800001002003920039200392003920039
80204200381500004202580100100800001008000050064000012001920038200389973310050801002008000020016000020038200381180201100991001008000010000051104164420035800001002003920039200392003920039
802042003815000040258010010080000100800005006400001200192003820038997339996801002008000020016000020038200381180201100991001008000010000051103164420035800001002003920039200392003920039
802042003814900040258010010080000100800005006400001200192003820038997339996801002008000020016000020038200381180201100991001008000010000051105165420035800001002003920039200392003920039
802042003815000040258010010080000100800005006400001200192003820038997339996801002008000020016000020038200381180201100991001008000010000051105165520035800001002003920039200392003920039
802042003815000040258010010080000100800005006400001200192003820038997339996801002008000020016000020038200381180201100991001008000010000051104164520035800001002003920039200392003920039
80204200381500029740258010010080000100800005006400001200192003820038997339996801002008000020016000020038200381180201100991001008000010000051102164420035800001002003920039200392003920039
802042003815000640258010010080000100800005006400001200192003820038997339996801002008000020016000020038200381180201100991001008000010000051105165420035800001002003920039200392003920039

1000 unrolls and 10 iterations

Result (median cycles for code divided by count): 0.2505

retire (01)cycle (02)03071e3f51inst issue (52)~issue int (53)~issue fp/simd (54)~dispatch int (56)~dispatch fp/simd (57)huge thing int (59)huge thing fp/simd (5b)60696d6edispatch stall (70)scheduler rewind (75)scheduler stall (76)~dispatch op (78)~map op int (7c)~map op fp/simd (7e)~map lookup int (7f)~map lookup fp/simd (81)8283pipeline redirect (84)85inst all (8c)inst branch (8d)inst branch taken (90)inst b.cc (94)inst integer (97)inst neon or fp (9a)9fa8accfd5d6daddinst fetch restart (de)e0? int output thing (e9)? fp/simd (ee)gpr retires (ef)f5f6f7f8fd
80024200471500039258001010800001080000506400001200192003820038999631001880010208000020160000200382003811800211091010800001000502011601120035080000102003920039200392003920039
80024200381500039258001010800001080000506400001200192003820038999631001880010208000020160000200382003811800211091010800001000502011603120035080000102003920039200392003920039
80024200381500039258001010800001080000506400001200192003820038999631001880010208000020160000200382003811800211091010800001000502011601120035080000102003920039200392003920039
800242003815003392580010108000010800005064000012001920038200389996310018800102080000201600002003820038118002110910108000010075502011601120035080000102003920039200392003920039
80024200381500039258001010800001080000506400001200192003820038999631001880010208000020160000200382003811800211091010800001000502011601120035080000102003920039200392003920039
80024200381500039258001212800001080000506400001200192003820038999631001880010208000020160000200382003811800211091010800001000502011601120035080000102003920039200392003920039
800242003815000704258001010800001080000506400000200192003820038999631001880010208000020160000200382003811800211091010800001000502011601120035080000102003920039200392003920039
800242003815000392580010108000010800005064000012001920038200389996310018800102080000201600002003820038118002110910108000010051502011601120035080000102003920039200392003920039
8002420038150003925800101080000108000050640000120019200382003899963100188001020800002016000020038200381180021109101080000100174502011611220035080000102003920039200392003920039
80024200381501039258001010800001080000506400001200192003820038999631001880010208000020160000200382003811800211091010800001000502011601120035080000102010020039200392003920039