Apple M1 Microarchitecture Research by Dougall Johnson

Firestorm: Overview | Base Instructions | SIMD and FP Instructions
Icestorm:  Overview | Base Instructions | SIMD and FP Instructions

SQADD (vector, 2S)

Test 1: uops

Code:

  sqadd v0.2s, v0.2s, v1.2s
  movi v0.16b, 1
  movi v1.16b, 2

(no loop instructions)

1000 unrolls and 1 iteration

Retires: 1.000

Issues: 1.000

Integer unit issues: 0.000

Load/store unit issues: 0.000

SIMD/FP unit issues: 1.000

retire (01)cycle (02)031e3f4e51inst issue (52)~issue fp/simd (54)~dispatch fp/simd (57)huge thing fp/simd (5b)60696d6edispatch stall (70)scheduler rewind (75)scheduler stall (76)~dispatch op (78)~map op fp/simd (7e)~map lookup fp/simd (81)8283pipeline redirect (84)85inst all (8c)inst neon or fp (9a)a8accfd5d6ddinst fetch restart (de)e0? fp/simd (ee)f5f6f7f8fd
100430372206125482510001000100039831313018303730372415328951000100020003037303711100110000073116112630100030383038303830383038
100430372306125482510001000100039831313018303730372415328951000100020003037303711100110000073116112630100030383038303830383038
100430372306125482510001000100039831313018303730372415328951000100020003037303711100110000973116112630100030383038303830383038
100430372306125482510001000100039831313018303730372415328951000100020003037303711100110004073116112630100030383038303830383038
100430372206125482510001000100039831313018303730372415328951000100020003037303711100110000073116112630100030383038303830383038
100430372236125482510001000100039831313018303730372415328951000100020003037303711100110000073116112630100030383038303830383038
100430372306125482510001000100039831313018303730372415328951000100020003037303711100110000073116112630100030383038303830383038
1004303723061254825100010001000398313130183037303724153289510001000200030373037111001100001273116112630100030383038303830383038
100430372306125482510081000100039831313018303730372415328951000100020003037303711100110000373116112630100030383038303830383038
100430372306125482510001000100039831313018303730372415328951000100020003037303711100110000673116112630100030383038303830383038

Test 2: Latency 1->2

Code:

  sqadd v0.2s, v0.2s, v1.2s
  movi v0.16b, 1
  movi v1.16b, 2

(fused SUBS/B.cc loop)

100 unrolls and 100 iterations

Result (median cycles for code): 3.0037

retire (01)cycle (02)03080918191e1f3f4e51inst issue (52)~issue int (53)~issue fp/simd (54)~dispatch int (56)~dispatch fp/simd (57)huge thing int (59)huge thing fp/simd (5b)60696d6edispatch stall (70)scheduler rewind (75)scheduler stall (76)~dispatch op (78)~map op int (7c)~map op fp/simd (7e)~map lookup int (7f)~map lookup fp/simd (81)8283pipeline redirect (84)85inst all (8c)inst branch (8d)inst branch taken (90)inst b.cc (94)inst integer (97)inst neon or fp (9a)9fa1a8accfd5d6ddinst fetch restart (de)e0? int output thing (e9)? fp/simd (ee)gpr retires (ef)f5f6f7f8fd
10204300372250000007012954825101001001000010010000500427731313001830037300372826532874510100200100002002000030037300371110201100991001001000010000071011611296340100001003003830038300383003830038
10204300372250000007262954863101001001000010010000500427731313001830037300372826532874510100200100002002000030037300371110201100991001001000010000071011611296340100001003003830038300383003830038
10204300372250000007832954825101001001000010010000500427731313001830037300372826532874510100200100002002000030037300371110201100991001001000010000071011611296340100001003003830038300383003830038
10204300372251000001032954825101001001000010010000500427731313001830037300372826532874510100200100002002000030037300371110201100991001001000010006971011611296340100001003003830038300383003830038
10204300372250000004802954825101001001000010010000500427731313001830037300372826732874510100200100002002000030037300371110201100991001001000010000071011611296340100001003003830038300383003830038
1020430037225000000612954825101001001000010010000500427731313001830037300372826532874510100212100002002000030037300371110201100991001001000010000371011611296340100001003003830038300383003830038
1020430037225000000612954825101001041000810010000500427731313001830037300372826532881810100200100002002000030037300371110201100991001001000010000071011611296340100001003003830038300383003830038
102043003722500000010329548251010010010000100100005004277313130018300373003728265328745101002001000020020000300373003711102011009910010010000100000710116112963425100001003003830038300383003830038
1020430037225000000612954825101001001000010010000500427731313001830037300372826532874510100200100002002000030037300371110201100991001001000010000071011611296340100001003003830038300383003830038
1020430037225003014488612954825101001001000010010000500427731313001830037300372826532874410100200101642002000030037300371110201100991001001000010000071011611296340100001003003830038300383003830038

1000 unrolls and 10 iterations

Result (median cycles for code): 3.0037

retire (01)cycle (02)0308191e1f3f4e51inst issue (52)~issue int (53)~issue fp/simd (54)~dispatch int (56)~dispatch fp/simd (57)huge thing int (59)huge thing fp/simd (5b)60696d6edispatch stall (70)scheduler rewind (75)scheduler stall (76)~dispatch op (78)~map op int (7c)~map op fp/simd (7e)~map lookup int (7f)~map lookup fp/simd (81)8283pipeline redirect (84)85inst all (8c)inst branch (8d)inst branch taken (90)inst b.cc (94)inst integer (97)inst neon or fp (9a)9fa0a1a6a8a9acc2branch mispredict (cb)cdcfd5d6ddinst fetch restart (de)e0? int output thing (e9)? fp/simd (ee)gpr retires (ef)f5f6f7f8fd
100243003722500006129548251001010100001010000504277313130018300373003728287328767100102010000202000030037300371110021109101010000100000000006402162229630010000103003830038300383003830038
100243003722500006129548251001010100001010000504277313130018300373003728287328767100102010000202000030037300371110021109101010000100000000006402162229630010000103003830038300383003830038
100243003722500006129548251001010100001010000504277313130018300373003728287328767100102010000202000030037300371110021109101010000100000000006402162229630010000103003830038300383003830038
100243003722400006129548251001010100001010000714281384130018300373003728287328767100102010000202000030037300371110021109101010000100000000106402162229630010000103003830038300383003830038
100243003722500006129548251001010100001010000504277313130018300373003728287328767100102010000202000030037300371110021109101010000100000000006402162229630010000103003830038300383003830038
100243003722500006129548251001010100001010000504277313130018300373003728287328767100102010000202000030037300371110021109101010000100000000006402162229630010000103003830038300383003830038
100243003722500006129548251001010100001010000504277313130018300373003728287328767100102010000202000030037300371110021109101010000100000000006402162229630010000103003830038300383003830038
1002430037224000053629548251001010100001010000504277313130018300373003728287328767100102010000202000030037300371110021109101010000100000000006402162229630010000103003830177300383003830038
100243003722500006129548251001010100001010149504277313130018300373003728287328767100102010000202000030037300371110021109101010000100000060007272162229630110000103027530368303703032130370
10024300372250519235274729548251001010100001010000504277313130018300373003728287328767100102010000262203430366303678110021109101010000102201000006852162229630010000103003830038300383003830038

Test 3: Latency 1->3

Code:

  sqadd v0.2s, v1.2s, v0.2s
  movi v0.16b, 1
  movi v1.16b, 2

(fused SUBS/B.cc loop)

100 unrolls and 100 iterations

Result (median cycles for code): 3.0037

retire (01)cycle (02)030b18191e3f4e51inst issue (52)~issue int (53)~issue fp/simd (54)~dispatch int (56)~dispatch fp/simd (57)huge thing int (59)huge thing fp/simd (5b)696d6edispatch stall (70)scheduler rewind (75)scheduler stall (76)~dispatch op (78)~map op int (7c)~map op fp/simd (7e)~map lookup int (7f)~map lookup fp/simd (81)8283pipeline redirect (84)85inst all (8c)inst branch (8d)inst branch taken (90)inst b.cc (94)inst integer (97)inst neon or fp (9a)9fa8accfd5d6ddinst fetch restart (de)e0? int output thing (e9)? fp/simd (ee)gpr retires (ef)f5f6f7f8fd
10204300372250000129629548251010010010000100100005004277313300183003730037282653287451010020010000200200003003730037111020110099100100100001000071011611296340100001003003830038300383003830038
1020430037225000069429548251010010010000103100005004277313300183003730037282873287451010020010000200200003003730037111020110099100100100001000071011611296340100001003003830038300383003830038
10204300372250000108029548251010010010000100100005004277313300183003730037282653287451010020010000200200003003730037111020110099100100100001000071011611296340100001003003830038300383003830038
10204300372250000118129548251010010010000100100005004277313300183003730037282653287451010020010000200200003003730037111020110099100100100001000071011611296340100001003003830038300383003830038
10204300372250000114929548251010010010000100100005004277313300183003730037282653287451010020010000200200003003730037111020110099100100100001000071011611296340100001003003830038300383003830038
10204300372250000116029548251010010010000100100005004277313300183003730037282653287451010020010000200200003003730037111020110099100100100001000071011611296340100001003003830038300383003830038
102043003722500006129548251010010010000100100005004277313300183003730037282653287451010020010000200200003003730037111020110099100100100001000071011611296340100001003003830038300383003830038
102043003722500006129548251010010010000100100005004277313300183003730037282653287451010020010000200200003003730037111020110099100100100001000071011611296340100001003003830038300383003830038
1020430084225000094329548251010010010000100100005004277313300183003730037282653287451010020010000200200003003730037111020110099100100100001000071011611296340100001003003830038300383003830038
10204300372250000106629548251010010010000100100005004277313300183003730037282653287451010020010000200200003003730037111020110099100100100001000071011611296340100001003003830038300383003830038

1000 unrolls and 10 iterations

Result (median cycles for code): 3.0037

retire (01)cycle (02)03181e1f3a3f4e51inst issue (52)~issue int (53)~issue fp/simd (54)~dispatch int (56)~dispatch fp/simd (57)huge thing int (59)huge thing fp/simd (5b)696d6edispatch stall (70)scheduler rewind (75)scheduler stall (76)~dispatch op (78)~map op int (7c)~map op fp/simd (7e)~map lookup int (7f)~map lookup fp/simd (81)8283pipeline redirect (84)85inst all (8c)inst branch (8d)inst branch taken (90)inst b.cc (94)inst integer (97)inst neon or fp (9a)9fa8accfd5d6ddinst fetch restart (de)e0? fp/simd (ee)gpr retires (ef)f5f6f7f8fd
100243003722500006629548251001010100001010000504277313301623003730037282873287871001020100002020000300373003711100211091010100001005551667216222963010000103003830038300383003830038
10024300372250000161829548251001010100001010000504277313300183003730037283033287671001020100002020000300373003711100211091010100001000640216222963010000103003830038300383003830038
1002430037225060072629548251001010100001010000504277313300183003730037282873287671001020100002020000300373003711100211091010100001000640216222963010000103003830038300383003830038
10024300372250120076829548251001010100001010000504277313300183003730037282873287671001020100002020000300373003711100211091010100001000640216222963010000103003830038300383003830038
1002430037224000091229548251001010100001010000504277313300183003730037282873287671001020100002020000300373003711100211091010100001000640216222963010000103003830038300383003830038
1002430037225000014529548251002212100081010000504277313300183003730037282873287671001020100002020000300373003711100211091010100001000640216222963010000103003830038300383003830038
100243003722500006129548251001010100001010000504277313300183003730037282873287671001020100002020000300373003711100211091010100001000640216222963010000103003830038300383003830038
100243003722500006129548251001010100001010000504277313300183003730037282873287671001020100002020000300373003711100211091010100001000640216222963010000103003830038300383022730038
100243003722400006129548251001010100001010000504277313300183003730037282873287671001020100002020000300373003711100211091010100001000640216222966810000103003830038300383003830038
100243003722500006129548251001010100001010000504277313300183003730037282873287671001020100002020000300373003711100211091010100001000640216222963010000103003830038300383003830038

Test 4: throughput

Count: 8

Code:

  sqadd v0.2s, v8.2s, v9.2s
  sqadd v1.2s, v8.2s, v9.2s
  sqadd v2.2s, v8.2s, v9.2s
  sqadd v3.2s, v8.2s, v9.2s
  sqadd v4.2s, v8.2s, v9.2s
  sqadd v5.2s, v8.2s, v9.2s
  sqadd v6.2s, v8.2s, v9.2s
  sqadd v7.2s, v8.2s, v9.2s
  movi v8.16b, 9
  movi v9.16b, 10

(fused SUBS/B.cc loop)

100 unrolls and 100 iterations

Result (median cycles for code divided by count): 0.2505

retire (01)cycle (02)0318191e3f51inst issue (52)~issue int (53)~issue fp/simd (54)~dispatch int (56)~dispatch fp/simd (57)huge thing int (59)huge thing fp/simd (5b)60696d6edispatch stall (70)scheduler rewind (75)scheduler stall (76)~dispatch op (78)~map op int (7c)~map op fp/simd (7e)~map lookup int (7f)~map lookup fp/simd (81)8283pipeline redirect (84)85inst all (8c)inst branch (8d)inst branch taken (90)inst b.cc (94)inst integer (97)inst neon or fp (9a)9fa0a8accfd5d6ddinst fetch restart (de)e0? fp/simd (ee)gpr retires (ef)f5f6f7f8fd
802042005915000041258010010080000100800005006400000200202003920039997339997801002008000020016000020039200391180201100991001008000010000051102161120036800001002004020040200402004020040
8020420039150000167258010010080000100800005006400000200202003920039997339997801002008000020016000020039200391180201100991001008000010000051101161120036800001002004020040200402004020040
802042003915000041258010010080000100800005006400000200202003920039997339997801002008000020016000020039200391180201100991001008000010000051101161120036800001002004020040200402004020040
802042003915000041258010010080000100800005006400001200202003920039997339997801002008000020016000020039200391180201100991001008000010001051101161120036800001002004020040200402004020040
802042003915000064258010010080000100800005006400001200202003920039997339997801002008000020016000020039200391180201100991001008000010000051101161120036800001002004020040200402004020040
802042003915000085258010010080000100800005006400001200202003920039997339997801002008000020016000020039200391180201100991001008000010000051101161120036800001002004020040200402004020040
8020420039150000412580100100800001008000050064000002002020039200399973399978010020080000200160000200392003911802011009910010080000100050651101161120036800001002004020040200402004020040
802042003915000064258010010080000100800005006400001200202003920039997339997801002008000020016000020039200391180201100991001008000010000051101161120036800001002004020040200402004020040
802042003915000041258010010080000100800005006400000200202003920039997339997801002008000020016000020039200391180201100991001008000010000051101161120036800001002004020040200402004020040
8020420039150000634258010010080000100800005006400001200712003920039997339997801002008000020016000020039200391180201100991001008000010000051101161120036800001002004020040200402004020040

1000 unrolls and 10 iterations

Result (median cycles for code divided by count): 0.2505

retire (01)cycle (02)031e1f3a3f51inst issue (52)~issue int (53)~issue fp/simd (54)~dispatch int (56)~dispatch fp/simd (57)huge thing int (59)huge thing fp/simd (5b)60696d6edispatch stall (70)scheduler rewind (75)scheduler stall (76)~dispatch op (78)~map op int (7c)~map op fp/simd (7e)~map lookup int (7f)~map lookup fp/simd (81)8283pipeline redirect (84)85inst all (8c)inst branch (8d)inst branch taken (90)inst b.cc (94)inst integer (97)inst neon or fp (9a)9fa8acc5cfd0d5d6daddinst fetch restart (de)e0eb? fp/simd (ee)gpr retires (ef)f5f6f7f8fd
80024200481500044625800101080000108000050640000020020200392003999963100198001020800002016000020039200391180021109101080000100005020021604320036080000102004020040200402004020040
80024200391500004025800101080000108000050640000020020200392003999963100198001020800002016000020039200391180021109101080000100005020021602220036080000102004020040200402004020040
80024200391500004025800101080000108000050640000020020200392003999963100198001020800002016000020039200391180021109101080000100005020031602320036080000102004020040200402004020040
80024200391500006325800101080000108000050640000020020200392003999963100198001020800002016000020039200391180021109101080000100005020021602320036080000102004020040200402004020040
80024200391500004025800101080000108000050640000020020200392003999963100198001020800002016000020039200391180021109101080000100005020021613320036080000102004020040200402004020040
80024200391500004025800101080000108000050640000020020200392003999963100198001020800002016000020039200391180021109101080000100005020021602220036080000102004020040200402004020040
80024200391500006125800101080000108000050640000020020200392003999963100198001020801382016000020039200391180021109101080000100005020021602220036080000102004020040200402004020040
80024200391500004025800101080000108000050640000020020200392003999963100198001020800002016000020039200391180021109101080000101305020021602220036080000102004020040200402004020040
8002420039150000127025800101080000108000050640000020020200392003999963100198001020800002016000020039200391180021109101080000100005020021602220036080000102004020040200402004020040
80024200391500006325800101080000108000050640000020020200392003999963100198001020800002016000020039200391180021109101080000100005020021602220036080000102004020040200402004020040