Apple M1 Microarchitecture Research by Dougall Johnson

Firestorm: Overview | Base Instructions | SIMD and FP Instructions
Icestorm:  Overview | Base Instructions | SIMD and FP Instructions

SQSUB (scalar, S)

Test 1: uops

Code:

  sqsub s0, s0, s1
  movi v0.16b, 1
  movi v1.16b, 2

(no loop instructions)

1000 unrolls and 1 iteration

Retires: 1.000

Issues: 1.000

Integer unit issues: 0.000

Load/store unit issues: 0.000

SIMD/FP unit issues: 1.000

retire (01)cycle (02)031e3f4e51inst issue (52)~issue fp/simd (54)~dispatch fp/simd (57)huge thing fp/simd (5b)60696d6edispatch stall (70)scheduler rewind (75)scheduler stall (76)~dispatch op (78)~map op fp/simd (7e)~map lookup fp/simd (81)8283pipeline redirect (84)85inst all (8c)inst neon or fp (9a)accfd5d6ddinst fetch restart (de)e0? fp/simd (ee)f5f6f7f8fd
10043037220612548251000100010003983131301830373037241532895100010002000303730371110011000073116112630100030383038303830383038
10043037230612548251000100010003983131301830373037241532895100010002000303730371110011000073116112630100030383038303830383038
10043037230612548251000100010003983131301830373037241532895100010002000303730371110011000073116112630100030383038303830383038
10043037230612548251000100010003983131301830373037241532895100010002000303730371110011000073116112630100030383038303830383038
10043037230612548251000100010003983131301830373037241532895100010002000303730371110011000073116112630100030383038303830383038
10043037230612548251000100010003983131301830373037241532895100010002000303730371110011000073116112630100030383038303830383038
100430372299842548251000100010003983131301830373037241532895100010002000303730371110011000073116112630100030383038303830383038
10043037220612548251000100010003983131301830373037241532895100010002000303730371110011000073116112630100030383038303830383038
10043037230612548251000100010003983131301830373037241532895100010002000303730371110011000073116112630100030383038303830383038
10043037220612548251000100010003983131301830373037241532895100010002000303730371110011000073116112630100030383038303830383038

Test 2: Latency 1->2

Code:

  sqsub s0, s0, s1
  movi v0.16b, 1
  movi v1.16b, 2

(fused SUBS/B.cc loop)

100 unrolls and 100 iterations

Result (median cycles for code): 3.0037

retire (01)cycle (02)03080b18191e1f3f4e51inst issue (52)~issue int (53)~issue fp/simd (54)~dispatch int (56)~dispatch fp/simd (57)huge thing int (59)huge thing fp/simd (5b)60696d6edispatch stall (70)scheduler rewind (75)scheduler stall (76)~dispatch op (78)~map op int (7c)~map op fp/simd (7e)~map lookup int (7f)~map lookup fp/simd (81)8283pipeline redirect (84)85inst all (8c)inst branch (8d)inst branch taken (90)inst b.cc (94)inst integer (97)inst neon or fp (9a)9fa0a1a6a7a8a9acc2c5branch mispredict (cb)cdcfd5d6ddinst fetch restart (de)e0? int output thing (e9)? fp/simd (ee)gpr retires (ef)f5f6f7f8fd
102043003722500000061295482510100100100001001000050042773131300183003730037282653287451010020010000200200003003730037111020110099100100100001000000000000071011611296340100001003003830038300383003830038
102043003722500000061295482510100100100001001000050042773131300183003730037282653287451010020010000200200003003730037111020110099100100100001000000000000071011611296340100001003003830133300383003830038
102043003722500000061295482510100100100001001000050042773131300183003730037282653287451010020010000200200003003730037111020110099100100100001000000000000071011611296340100001003003830038300383003830038
102043003722500000061295482510100100100001001000050042773131300183003730037282653287451010020010000200200003003730037111020110099100100100001000000000000071011611296340100001003003830038300383003830038
10204300372250000117061295482510100100100001001000050042773131300183003730037282653287451010020010000200200003003730037111020110099100100100001000000009000071011611296340100001003003830038300383003830038
10204300372250000630103295482510100100100001001000050042773131300183003730037282653287451010020010000200200003003730037111020110099100100100001000000000000071011611296340100001003003830038300383003830038
102043003722500000061295482510100100100001001000050042773131300183003730037282653287451010020010000200200003003730037111020110099100100100001000000000000071011611296340100001003003830038300383003830038
1020430037225001200189295482510100100100001001000050042773131300183003730037282653287451010020010000200200003003730037111020110099100100100001000000000000071011611296340100001003003830038300383003830038
102043003722500000061295482510100100100001001000050042773131300183003730037282653287451010020010000200200003003730037111020110099100100100001000000000000071011611296340100001003003830038300383003830038
102043003722500000061295482510100100100001001000050042773131300183003730037282653287451010020010000200200003003730037111020110099100100100001000000000000071011611296340100001003003830038300383003830038

1000 unrolls and 10 iterations

Result (median cycles for code): 3.0037

retire (01)cycle (02)0307080a0b18191e1f3a3f4e51inst issue (52)~issue int (53)~issue fp/simd (54)~dispatch int (56)~dispatch fp/simd (57)huge thing int (59)huge thing fp/simd (5b)60696d6edispatch stall (70)scheduler rewind (75)scheduler stall (76)~dispatch op (78)~map op int (7c)~map op fp/simd (7e)~map lookup int (7f)~map lookup fp/simd (81)8283pipeline redirect (84)85inst all (8c)inst branch (8d)inst branch taken (90)inst b.cc (94)inst integer (97)inst neon or fp (9a)9fa0a1a6a7a8a9acc2c5cfd5d6ddinst fetch restart (de)e0? int output thing (e9)? fp/simd (ee)gpr retires (ef)f5f6f7f8fd
10024300372251010000026829548251001010100001010000504277313130018300373003728287328767100102010000202000030037300371110021109101010000100000003900644524101129630010000103003830038300383003830038
10024300372251010000026829548251001010100001010000504277313130018300373003728287328767100102010000202000030037300371110021109101010000100000000006441016101029630010000103003830038300383003830038
10024300372251010000026829548251001010100001010000504277313130018300373003728287328767100102010000202000030037300371110021109101010000100000000006441016101029630010000103003830038300383003830038
1002430037225101000462026829548251001010100001010000504277313030018300373003728287328767100102010000202000030037300371110021109101010000100000000006441016101029630010000103003830038300383003830038
10024300372251010000026829548251001010100001010000504277313030018300373003728287328767100102010000202000030037300371110021109101010000100000000006448168829630010000103003830038300383003830038
1002430037225101000002682954825100101010000101000050427731303001830037300372828732876710010201000020200003003730037111002110910101000010000000000644516101029630010000103003830038300383003830038
1002430037225101000002177295482510010101000010100005042773130300183003730037282873287671001020100002020000300373003711100211091010100001000000000064410168529630010000103003830038300383003830038
1002430037224101000105026829548251001010100001010000504277313030018300373003728287328767100102010000202000030037300371110021109101010000100000000006441116101029630010000103003830038300383003830038
10024300372251010000026829548251001010100001010000504277313130018300373003728287328767100102010000202000030037300371110021109101010000100000000006441016101029630010000103003830038300383003830038
10024300372251010000026829548251001010100001010000504277313030018300373003728287328767100102010000202000030037300371110021109101010000100000000207751286111429738610000103032330369303693022430405

Test 3: Latency 1->3

Code:

  sqsub s0, s1, s0
  movi v0.16b, 1
  movi v1.16b, 2

(fused SUBS/B.cc loop)

100 unrolls and 100 iterations

Result (median cycles for code): 3.0037

retire (01)cycle (02)03080b18191e1f3f4e51inst issue (52)~issue int (53)~issue fp/simd (54)~dispatch int (56)~dispatch fp/simd (57)huge thing int (59)huge thing fp/simd (5b)696d6edispatch stall (70)scheduler rewind (75)scheduler stall (76)~dispatch op (78)~map op int (7c)~map op fp/simd (7e)~map lookup int (7f)~map lookup fp/simd (81)8283pipeline redirect (84)85inst all (8c)inst branch (8d)inst branch taken (90)inst b.cc (94)inst integer (97)inst neon or fp (9a)9fa6a8accdcfd5d6ddinst fetch restart (de)e0? fp/simd (ee)gpr retires (ef)f5f6f7f8fd
102043003722500000061295482510100100100001001000050042773133001830037300372826532874510100200100002002000030037300371110201100991001001000010001007101161129634100001003003830038300383003830038
102043003722500000061295482510100100100001001000050042773133001830037300372826532874510100200100002002000030037300371110201100991001001000010001007101161129634100001003003830038300383003830038
102043003722500000061295482510100100100001001000050042773133001830037300372826532874510100200100002002000030037300371110201100991001001000010002214117101161129634100001003003830038300383003830038
1020430037225000000612954825101001001000011610000500427731330018300373003728265328745101002001000020020000300373003711102011009910010010000100022007101161129634100001003003830038300383003830038
102043003722500000061295482510100100100001001000050042773133001830037300372826532874510100200100002002000030037300371110201100991001001000010001007101161129634100001003003830038300383003830038
102043003722500000061295482510100100100001001000050042773133001830037300372826532874510100200100002002000030037300371110201100991001001000010000007101161129634100001003003830038300383003830038
102043003722500000061295482510100100100001001000050042773133001830037300372826532874510100200100002002000030037300371110201100991001001000010001007101161129634100001003003830038300383003830038
1020430037225000000612954825101001001000010010000500427731330018300373003728265328745101002001000020020000300373003711102011009910010010000100042607101161129634100001003003830038300383003830038
1020430037224000027061295482510100100100001001000050042773133001830037300372826532874510100200100002002000030037300371110201100991001001000010000007101161129634100001003003830038300383003830134
102043003722500000061295482510100100100001001000050042773133001830037300372826532874510100200100002002000030037300371110201100991001001000010002007101161129634100001003003830038300383003830038

1000 unrolls and 10 iterations

Result (median cycles for code): 3.0037

retire (01)cycle (02)031e3f4e51inst issue (52)~issue int (53)~issue fp/simd (54)~dispatch int (56)~dispatch fp/simd (57)huge thing int (59)huge thing fp/simd (5b)60696d6edispatch stall (70)scheduler rewind (75)scheduler stall (76)~dispatch op (78)~map op int (7c)~map op fp/simd (7e)~map lookup int (7f)~map lookup fp/simd (81)8283pipeline redirect (84)85inst all (8c)inst branch (8d)inst branch taken (90)inst b.cc (94)inst integer (97)inst neon or fp (9a)9fa0a1cfd5d6ddinst fetch restart (de)e0? fp/simd (ee)gpr retires (ef)f5f6f7f8fd
1002430037225061295482510010101000010100005042773130300183003730037282873287671001020100002020000300373003711100211091010100001000640216222963010000103003830038300383003830038
1002430037225061295482510010101000010100005042773130300183003730037282873287671001020100002020000300373003711100211091010100001000640216222970010000103003830038300383003830038
10024300372250916295482510010111000010100005042773130300183003730037282873287671001020100002020000300373003711100211091010100001000640216222963010000103003830038300383003830038
10024300372251261295482510010101000010101495042773130300183003730037282873287671001020100002020000300373003711100211091010100001000640516222963010000103003830038300383003830038
1002430037225061295482510010101000010100005042773130300183003730037282873287671001020100002020000300373003711100211091010100001000640216222963010000103003830038300383003830038
1002430037225061295482510010101000010100005042773131300183003730037282873287671001020100002020000300373003711100211091010100001000640216222963010000103003830038300383003830038
1002430037225082295482510010101000010100005042773130300183003730037282873287671001020100002020000300373003711100211091010100001000640216222963010000103003830038300383003830038
1002430037225061295482510010101000010100005042773130300183003730037282873287671001020100002020000300373003711100211091010100001000640216222963010000103003830038300383003830038
1002430037225061295482510010101000010100005042773130300183003730037282873287671001020100002020000300373003711100211091010100001000640216222963010000103003830038300383003830038
1002430037224061295482510010101000010100005042773131300183003730037282873287671001020100002020000300373003711100211091010100001000640216223003410000103003830038300383003830038

Test 4: throughput

Count: 8

Code:

  sqsub s0, s8, s9
  sqsub s1, s8, s9
  sqsub s2, s8, s9
  sqsub s3, s8, s9
  sqsub s4, s8, s9
  sqsub s5, s8, s9
  sqsub s6, s8, s9
  sqsub s7, s8, s9
  movi v8.16b, 9
  movi v9.16b, 10

(fused SUBS/B.cc loop)

100 unrolls and 100 iterations

Result (median cycles for code divided by count): 0.2505

retire (01)cycle (02)030b3f51inst issue (52)~issue int (53)~issue fp/simd (54)~dispatch int (56)~dispatch fp/simd (57)huge thing int (59)huge thing fp/simd (5b)60696d6edispatch stall (70)scheduler rewind (75)scheduler stall (76)~dispatch op (78)~map op int (7c)~map op fp/simd (7e)~map lookup int (7f)~map lookup fp/simd (81)8283pipeline redirect (84)85inst all (8c)inst branch (8d)inst branch taken (90)inst b.cc (94)inst integer (97)inst neon or fp (9a)9fa8accdcfd5d6ddinst fetch restart (de)e0? fp/simd (ee)gpr retires (ef)f5f6f7f8fd
802042005815004555258010010080000100800005006400000200202003920039997339997801002008000020016000020039200391180201100991001008000010020051104161120036800001002004020040200402004020040
8020420039150141258010010080000100800005006400001200202003920039997339997801002008000020016000020039200391180201100991001008000010000051101161120036800001002004020040200402004020040
8020420039150041258010010080000100800005006400001200202003920039997339997801002008000020016000020039200391180201100991001008000010010051101161120036800001002004020040200402004020040
8020420039150041258010010080000100800005006400000200202003920039997339997801002008000020016000020039200391180201100991001008000010000051101161120036800001002004020040200402004020040
8020420039150041258010010080000100800005006400001200202003920039997339997801002008000020016000020039200391180201100991001008000010013051101161120036800001002004020040200402004020040
8020420039150041258010010080000100800005006400001200202003920039997339997801002008000020016000020039200391180201100991001008000010000051101161120036800001002004020040200402004020040
802042003915004125801001008000010080000500640000020020200392003999733999780100200800002001600002003920039118020110099100100800001004669051101161120036800001002004020040200402004020040
80204200391500412580100100800001008000050064000012002020039200399973399978010020080000200160000200392003911802011009910010080000100318051101161120036800001002004020040200402004020040
8020420039150041258010010080000100800005006400000200202003920039997339997801002008000020016000020039200391180201100991001008000010000051101161120036800001002004020040200402004020040
8020420039150041258010010080000100800005006400001200202003920039997339997801002008000020016000020039200391180201100991001008000010000051101161120036800001002004020040200402004020040

1000 unrolls and 10 iterations

Result (median cycles for code divided by count): 0.2505

retire (01)cycle (02)031e3f51inst issue (52)~issue int (53)~issue fp/simd (54)~dispatch int (56)~dispatch fp/simd (57)huge thing int (59)huge thing fp/simd (5b)5f60696d6edispatch stall (70)scheduler rewind (75)scheduler stall (76)~dispatch op (78)~map op int (7c)~map op fp/simd (7e)~map lookup int (7f)~map lookup fp/simd (81)8283pipeline redirect (84)85inst all (8c)inst branch (8d)inst branch taken (90)inst b.cc (94)inst integer (97)inst neon or fp (9a)9fa0a8acc5branch mispredict (cb)cfd0d2icache miss (d3)d5d6ddinst fetch restart (de)e0ea? fp/simd (ee)gpr retires (ef)f5f6f7f8fd
8002420048150040258001010800001080000506400000120020200392003999963100198001020800002016000020039200391180021109101080000100830050200005163220036080000102004020040200402004020040
800242003915004025800101080000108000050640000012002020039200399996310019800102080000201600002003920039118002110910108000010001380050200003163220036080000102004020040200402004020040
8002420039150040258001010800001080000506400000120020200392003999963100198001020800002016000020039200391180021109101080000100030250200003163220036080000102004020040200402004020040
8002420039150040258001010800001080000506400000120020200392003999963100198001020800002016000020039200391180021109101080000100930050200003163320036080000102004020040200402004020040
8002420039150040258001010800001080000506400000120020200392003999963100198001020800002016000020039200391180021109101080000100060050200005163420036080000102004020040200402004020040
800242003915013540258001010800001080000506400000120020200392003999963100198001020800002016000020039200391180021109101080000104000050200003163220036080000102004020040200402004020040
8002420039150040258001010800001080000506400000120020200392003999963100198001020800002016000020039200391180021109101080000100130050200003165820036080000102004020040200402004020040
8002420039150040258001010800001080000506400000120020200392003999963100198001020800002016000020039200391180021109101080000100000050200003165520036080000102004020040200402004020040
8002420039150940258001010800001080000506400000120020200392003999963100198001020800002016000020039200391180021109101080000100300050200006165620036080000102004020040200402004020040
8002420039150040258001010800001080000506400000120020200392003999963100198001020800002016000020039200391180021109101080000100130050200003163220036080000102004020040200402004020040