Apple M1 Microarchitecture Research by Dougall Johnson

Firestorm: Overview | Base Instructions | SIMD and FP Instructions
Icestorm:  Overview | Base Instructions | SIMD and FP Instructions

SSUBL2 (vector, 2D)

Test 1: uops

Code:

  ssubl2 v0.2d, v0.4s, v1.4s
  movi v0.16b, 1
  movi v1.16b, 2

(no loop instructions)

1000 unrolls and 1 iteration

Retires: 1.000

Issues: 1.000

Integer unit issues: 0.000

Load/store unit issues: 0.000

SIMD/FP unit issues: 1.000

retire (01)cycle (02)033f4e51inst issue (52)~issue fp/simd (54)~dispatch fp/simd (57)huge thing fp/simd (5b)60696b6d6edispatch stall (70)scheduler rewind (75)scheduler stall (76)~dispatch op (78)~map op fp/simd (7e)~map lookup fp/simd (81)8283pipeline redirect (84)85inst all (8c)inst neon or fp (9a)a0a8cfd5d6ddinst fetch restart (de)e0? fp/simd (ee)f5f6f7f8fd
1004203715124167625100010001000264680120180203720371572318951000100020002037203711100110000073216111787100020382038203820382038
100420371661168725100010001000264680120180203720371572318951000100020002037203711100110000073116111787100020382038203820382038
100420371561168725100010001000264680120180203720371572318951000100020002037203711100110000073116111787100020382038203820382038
100420371561168725100010001000264680120180203720371572318951000100020002037203711100110000073116111787100020382038203820382038
100420371561168725100010001000264680120180203720371572318951000100020002037203711100110000073116111787100020382038203820382038
100420371561168725100010001000264680120180203720371572318951000100020002037203711100110000073116111787100020382038203820382038
100420371561168725100010001000264680120180203720371572318951000100020002037203711100110000073116111787100020382038203820382038
100420371561168725100010001000264680120180203720371572318951000100020002037203711100110000073116111787100020382038203820382038
100420371561168725100010001000264680120180203720371572318951000100020002037203711100110000073116111787100020382038203820382038
100420371561168725100010001000264680120180203720371572318951000100020002037203711100110000073116111787100020382038203820382038

Test 2: Latency 1->2

Code:

  ssubl2 v0.2d, v0.4s, v1.4s
  movi v0.16b, 1
  movi v1.16b, 2

(fused SUBS/B.cc loop)

100 unrolls and 100 iterations

Result (median cycles for code): 2.0037

retire (01)cycle (02)03080b18191e1f3a3f4e51inst issue (52)~issue int (53)~issue fp/simd (54)~dispatch int (56)~dispatch fp/simd (57)huge thing int (59)huge thing fp/simd (5b)60696d6edispatch stall (70)scheduler rewind (75)scheduler stall (76)~dispatch op (78)~map op int (7c)~map op fp/simd (7e)~map lookup int (7f)~map lookup fp/simd (81)8283pipeline redirect (84)85inst all (8c)inst branch (8d)inst branch taken (90)inst b.cc (94)inst integer (97)inst neon or fp (9a)9fa0a1a6a8a9acc2cdcfd5d6ddinst fetch restart (de)e0? int output thing (e9)? fp/simd (ee)gpr retires (ef)f5f6f7f8fd
1020420037150000030061196872510100100100001001000050028476800200182003720037184223187451010020010000200200002003720037111020110099100100100001000000000071011611197910100001002003820038200382003820038
1020420037150000000061196872510100100100001001000050028476800200182003720037184223187451010020010000200200002003720037111020110099100100100001000000000071011611197910100001002003820038200382003820038
1020420037150000000061196872510100100100001001000050028476800200182003720037184223187451010020010000200203482003720037111020110099100100100001000000000071011611197910100001002003820038200382003820038
1020420037150000000061196872510100100100001001000050028476800200182003720037184223187451010020010000200200002003720037111020110099100100100001000000000071011611197910100001002003820038200382003820038
1020420037150000000061196872510100100100001001000050028476800200182003720037184223187451010020010000200200002003720037111020110099100100100001000000000071011611197910100001002003820038200382003820038
1020420037150000000061196872510100100100001001000050028476800200182003720037184223187451010020010000200200002003720037111020110099100100100001000000000071011611197910100001002003820038200382003820038
1020420037150000090061196762510100100100001001000050028476800200182003720037184223187451010020010000200200002003720037111020110099100100100001000000000071011611197910100001002003820038200382003820038
1020420037150000000061196872510100100100001001000050028476800200182003720037184223187451010020010000200200002003720037111020110099100100100001000000000071011611197910100001002003820038200382003820038
1020420037150000000061196872510100100100001001000050028476800200182003720037184223187451010020010000200200002003720037111020110099100100100001000000000071011611197910100001002003820038200382003820038
1020420037150000000061196872510100100100001001000050028476800200182003720037184223187451010020010000200200002003720037111020110099100100100001000000000071011611198490100001002003820038200382003820038

1000 unrolls and 10 iterations

Result (median cycles for code): 2.0037

retire (01)cycle (02)03191e3f4e51inst issue (52)~issue int (53)~issue fp/simd (54)~dispatch int (56)~dispatch fp/simd (57)huge thing int (59)huge thing fp/simd (5b)60696d6edispatch stall (70)scheduler rewind (75)scheduler stall (76)~dispatch op (78)~map op int (7c)~map op fp/simd (7e)~map lookup int (7f)~map lookup fp/simd (81)8283pipeline redirect (84)85inst all (8c)inst branch (8d)inst branch taken (90)inst b.cc (94)inst integer (97)inst neon or fp (9a)9fa8accfd5d6ddinst fetch restart (de)e0? fp/simd (ee)gpr retires (ef)f5f6f7f8fd
10024200371500061196872510010101000010100005028476801200182003720037184443187671001020100002020000200372003711100211091010100001000640216221978510000102003820038200382003820038
10024200371500061196872510010101000010100005028476801200182003720037184443187671001020100002020000200372003711100211091010100001000640216221978510000102003820038200382003820038
10024200371500061196872510010101000010100005028476801200182003720037184443187671001020100002020000200372003711100211091010100001000640216221978510000102003820038200382003820038
10024200371500061196872510010101000010100005028476801200182003720037184443187671001020100002020000200372003711100211091010100001000640216221978510000102003820038200382003820038
10024200371500061196872510010101000010100005028476800200182003720037184443187671001020100002020000200372003711100211091010100001000640216221978510000102003820038200382003820038
10024200371500061196872510010101000010100005028476801200182003720037184443187671001020100002020000200372003711100211091010100001000640216221978510000102003820038200382003820038
10024200371500061196872510010101000010100005028476801200182003720037184443187671001020100002020000200372003711100211091010100001000640216221978510000102003820038200382003820038
100242003715000346196872510010101000010100005028476800200182003720037184443187671001020100002020000200372003711100211091010100001000640216221978510000102003820038200382003820038
10024200371500061196872510010101000010100005028476801200182003720037184443187671001020100002020000200372003711100211091010100001000640216221978510000102003820038200382003820038
10024200371500061196872510010101000010100005028476800200182003720037184443187671001020100002020000200372003711100211091010100001000640216221978510000102003820038200382003820038

Test 3: Latency 1->3

Code:

  ssubl2 v0.2d, v1.4s, v0.4s
  movi v0.16b, 1
  movi v1.16b, 2

(fused SUBS/B.cc loop)

100 unrolls and 100 iterations

Result (median cycles for code): 2.0037

retire (01)cycle (02)031e3f4e51inst issue (52)~issue int (53)~issue fp/simd (54)~dispatch int (56)~dispatch fp/simd (57)huge thing int (59)huge thing fp/simd (5b)60696d6edispatch stall (70)scheduler rewind (75)scheduler stall (76)~dispatch op (78)~map op int (7c)~map op fp/simd (7e)~map lookup int (7f)~map lookup fp/simd (81)8283pipeline redirect (84)85inst all (8c)inst branch (8d)inst branch taken (90)inst b.cc (94)inst integer (97)inst neon or fp (9a)9fa8accfd5d6ddinst fetch restart (de)e0? fp/simd (ee)gpr retires (ef)f5f6f7f8fd
10204200371500943196872510100100100001001000050028476801200182003720037184223187451010020010000200200002003720037111020110099100100100001000187101161119791100001002003820038200382003820038
1020420037150061196872510100100100001001000050028476801200182003720037184223187451010020010000200200002003720037111020110099100100100001000157101161119791100001002003820038200382003820038
102042003715006119687251010010010000100100005002847680120018200372003718422318745101002001000020020000200372003711102011009910010010000100007101161119791100001002003820038200382003820038
1020420037150018419687251010010010000100100005002847680120018200372003718422318745101002001000020020000200372003711102011009910010010000100207101161119791100001002003820038200382003820038
1020420037150061196872510100100100001001000050028476801200182003720037184223187451010020010000200200002003720037111020110099100100100001000937101161119791100001002003820038200382003820038
1020420037150061196872510100100100001001000050028476801200182003720037184223187451010020010000200200002003720037111020110099100100100001000727101161119791100001002003820038200382003820038
10204200371500611968725101001001000010010000500284768012001820037200371842231874510100200100002002000020037200371110201100991001001000010001027101161119791100001002003820038200382003820038
102042003715006119687251010010010000100100005002847680120018200372003718422318745101002001000020020000200372003711102011009910010010000100007101161119791100001002003820038200382003820038
10204200371500611968725101001001000010010000500284768012001820037200371842231874510100200100002002000020037200371110201100991001001000010001237101161119791100001002003820038200382003820038
102042003715006119687251010010010000100100005002847680120018200372003718422318745101002001000020020360200372003711102011009910010010000100007101161119791100001002003820038200382003820038

1000 unrolls and 10 iterations

Result (median cycles for code): 2.0037

retire (01)cycle (02)03081e3f4e51inst issue (52)~issue int (53)~issue fp/simd (54)~dispatch int (56)~dispatch fp/simd (57)huge thing int (59)huge thing fp/simd (5b)60696d6edispatch stall (70)scheduler rewind (75)scheduler stall (76)~dispatch op (78)~map op int (7c)~map op fp/simd (7e)~map lookup int (7f)~map lookup fp/simd (81)8283pipeline redirect (84)85inst all (8c)inst branch (8d)inst branch taken (90)inst b.cc (94)inst integer (97)inst neon or fp (9a)9fa8accdcfd5d6ddinst fetch restart (de)e0? fp/simd (ee)gpr retires (ef)f5f6f7f8fd
100242003715010611968743100371010000111030450284768012001820037200371844431876710010201000020200002003720037111002110910101000010000640216221978510000102003820038200382003820038
100242003715000611968725100101010000101000050284768002001820037200371844431876710010201000020200002003720037111002110910101000010000640216221978510000102003820038200382003820038
100242003715000611968725100101010000101000050284768002001820037200371844431876710010201000020200002003720037111002110910101000010000640216221978510000102003820038200382003820038
100242003715009611968725100101010000101000050284768012001820037200371844431876710010201000020200002003720037111002110910101000010030640216221978510000102003820038200382003820038
1002420037150012611968725100101010000101000050284768002001820037200371844431876710010201000020200002003720037111002110910101000010100640216221978510000102003820038200382003820038
100242003715000611968725100101010000101000050284768002001820037200371844431876710010201000020200002003720037111002110910101000010200640216221978510000102003820038200382003820038
100242003715000611968725100101010000101000050284768002001820037200371844431876710010201000020200002003720037111002110910101000010000640216221978510000102003820038200382003820038
1002420037150006119687251001010100001010000502847680020018200372003718444318767100102010000202000020037200371110021109101010000101420640216221978510000102003820038200382003820038
1002420037150006119687251001010100001010000502847680120018200372003718444318767100102010000202000020037200371110021109101010000100720640216221978510000102003820038200382003820038
100242003715000611968725100101010000101000050284768012001820037200371844431876710010201000020200002003720037111002110910101000010000640216221978510000102003820038200382003820038

Test 4: throughput

Count: 8

Code:

  ssubl2 v0.2d, v8.4s, v9.4s
  ssubl2 v1.2d, v8.4s, v9.4s
  ssubl2 v2.2d, v8.4s, v9.4s
  ssubl2 v3.2d, v8.4s, v9.4s
  ssubl2 v4.2d, v8.4s, v9.4s
  ssubl2 v5.2d, v8.4s, v9.4s
  ssubl2 v6.2d, v8.4s, v9.4s
  ssubl2 v7.2d, v8.4s, v9.4s
  movi v8.16b, 9
  movi v9.16b, 10

(fused SUBS/B.cc loop)

100 unrolls and 100 iterations

Result (median cycles for code divided by count): 0.2505

retire (01)cycle (02)031e1f3f51inst issue (52)~issue int (53)~issue fp/simd (54)~dispatch int (56)~dispatch fp/simd (57)huge thing int (59)huge thing fp/simd (5b)60696d6edispatch stall (70)scheduler rewind (75)scheduler stall (76)~dispatch op (78)~map op int (7c)~map op fp/simd (7e)~map lookup int (7f)~map lookup fp/simd (81)8283pipeline redirect (84)85inst all (8c)inst branch (8d)inst branch taken (90)inst b.cc (94)inst integer (97)inst neon or fp (9a)9fa8accfd5d6ddinst fetch restart (de)e0? fp/simd (ee)gpr retires (ef)f5f6f7f8fd
80204200481502404025801001008000010080000500640000120019200382003899733999680100200800002001600002003820038118020110099100100800001000051103162220035800001002003920039200392003920039
80204200381500040258010010080000100800005006400000200192003820038997339996801002008000020016000020038200381180201100991001008000010019051102162220035800001002003920039200392003920039
80204200381500040258010010080000100800005006400000200192003820038997339996801002008000020016000020038200381180201100991001008000010023051102162220035800001002003920039200392003920039
8020420038150004025801001008000010080000500640000020019200382003899733999680100200800002001600002003820038118020110099100100800001001051102162220035800001002003920039200392003920039
8020420038150004025801001008000010080000500640000120019200382003899733999680100200800002001600002003820038118020110099100100800001002351102162220035800001002003920039200392003920039
8020420038150004025801001008000010080000500640000120019200382003899733999680100200800002001600002003820038118020110099100100800001000051102162220035800001002003920039200392003920039
80204200381500040258010010080000100800005006400001200192003820038997339996801002008000020016000020038200381180201100991001008000010017051102162220035800001002003920039200392003920039
8020420038150004025801001008000010080000500640000120019200382003899733999680100200800002001600002003820038118020110099100100800001000051102162220035800001002003920039200392003920039
8020420038150004025801001008000010080000500640000120019200382003899733999680100200800002001600002003820038118020110099100100800001000051102162220035800001002003920039200392003920039
80204200381503004025801001008000010080000500640000120019200382003899733999680100200800002001600002003820038118020110099100100800001000351102162220035800001002003920039200392003920039

1000 unrolls and 10 iterations

Result (median cycles for code divided by count): 0.2505

retire (01)cycle (02)030b1e3a3f51inst issue (52)~issue int (53)~issue fp/simd (54)~dispatch int (56)~dispatch fp/simd (57)huge thing int (59)huge thing fp/simd (5b)5f60696d6edispatch stall (70)scheduler rewind (75)scheduler stall (76)~dispatch op (78)~map op int (7c)~map op fp/simd (7e)~map lookup int (7f)~map lookup fp/simd (81)8283pipeline redirect (84)85inst all (8c)inst branch (8d)inst branch taken (90)inst b.cc (94)inst integer (97)inst neon or fp (9a)9fa8a9acc5cfd5d6d9daddinst fetch restart (de)e0? fp/simd (ee)gpr retires (ef)f5f6f7f8fd
800242004815000039258001010800001080000506400000020019200382003899963100188001020800002016000020038200381180021109101080000100000502041600652003580000102003920039200392003920039
8002420038150000392580010108000010800005064000001200192003820038999631001880010208000020160000200382003811800211091010800001026000502041600452003580000102003920039200392003920039
800242003815000039258001010800001080000506400000020019200382003899963100188001020800002016000020038200381180021109101080000100000502041600452003580000102003920039200392003920039
800242003815000039258001010800001080000506400000020019200382003899963100188001020800002016000020038200381180021109101080000100000502051600552003580000102003920039200392003920039
800242003815000039258001010800001080000506400000020019200382003899963100188001020800002016000020038200381180021109101080000100000502061600752003580000102003920039200392003920039
800242003815000039258001010800001080000506400000020019200382003899963100188001020800002016000020038200381180021109101080000100000502051600652003580000102003920039200392003920039
8002420038150000392580010108000010800005064000030200192003820038999631001880010208000020160000200382003811800211091010800001022030502061600552003580000102003920039200392003920039
800242003815000039258001010800001080000506400000020019200382003899963100188001020800002016000020038200381180021109101080000100030502051600762003580000102003920039200392003920039
80024200381500901173258001010800001080000506400000020019200382003899963100188001020800002016000020038200381180021109101080000100000502051600562003580000102003920039200392003920039
8002420038150000392580010108000010800005064000000200192003820038999631001880010208000020160000200382003811800211091010800001044000502061600752003580000102003920039200392003920039