Apple M1 Microarchitecture Research by Dougall Johnson

Firestorm: Overview | Base Instructions | SIMD and FP Instructions
Icestorm:  Overview | Base Instructions | SIMD and FP Instructions

SSUBL2 (vector, 4S)

Test 1: uops

Code:

  ssubl2 v0.4s, v0.8h, v1.8h
  movi v0.16b, 1
  movi v1.16b, 2

(no loop instructions)

1000 unrolls and 1 iteration

Retires: 1.000

Issues: 1.000

Integer unit issues: 0.000

Load/store unit issues: 0.000

SIMD/FP unit issues: 1.000

retire (01)cycle (02)030b3f4e51inst issue (52)~issue fp/simd (54)~dispatch fp/simd (57)huge thing fp/simd (5b)60696d6edispatch stall (70)scheduler rewind (75)scheduler stall (76)~dispatch op (78)~map op fp/simd (7e)~map lookup fp/simd (81)8283pipeline redirect (84)85inst all (8c)inst neon or fp (9a)a6a8accfd5d6ddinst fetch restart (de)e0? fp/simd (ee)f5f6f7f8fd
1004203716061168725100010001000264680020182037203715723189510001000200020372037111001100000073116111787100020382038203820382038
1004203715061168725100010001000264680020182037203715723189510001000200020372037111001100000073116111787100020382038203820382038
1004203715061168725100010001000264680020182037203715723189510001000200020372037111001100000073116111787100020382038203820382038
1004203715061168725100010001000264680020182037203715723189510001000200020372037111001100000073116111787100020382038203820382038
1004203715061168725100010001000264680020182037203715723189510001000200020372037111001100000073116111787100020382038203820382038
1004203715061168725100010001000264680020182037203715723189510001000200020372037111001100000073116111787100020382038203820382038
1004203715061168725100010001000264680120182037203715723189510001000200020372037111001100000073116111787100020382038203820382038
1004203715061168725100010001000264680020182037203715723189510001000200020372037111001100000073116111787100020382038203820382038
1004203715061168725100010001000264680020182037203715723189510001000200020372037111001100000073116111787100020382038203820382038
1004203715082168725100010001000264680120182037203715723189510001000200020372037111001100000073116111787100020382038203820382038

Test 2: Latency 1->2

Code:

  ssubl2 v0.4s, v0.8h, v1.8h
  movi v0.16b, 1
  movi v1.16b, 2

(fused SUBS/B.cc loop)

100 unrolls and 100 iterations

Result (median cycles for code): 2.0037

retire (01)cycle (02)030b18191e1f3f4e51inst issue (52)~issue int (53)~issue fp/simd (54)~dispatch int (56)~dispatch fp/simd (57)huge thing int (59)huge thing fp/simd (5b)696d6edispatch stall (70)scheduler rewind (75)scheduler stall (76)~dispatch op (78)~map op int (7c)~map op fp/simd (7e)~map lookup int (7f)~map lookup fp/simd (81)8283pipeline redirect (84)85inst all (8c)inst branch (8d)inst branch taken (90)inst b.cc (94)inst integer (97)inst neon or fp (9a)9fa0a1a6a8a9accfd5d6ddinst fetch restart (de)e0? int output thing (e9)? fp/simd (ee)gpr retires (ef)f5f6f7f8fd
10204200371500000061196872510100100100001001000050028476802001820037200371842231874510100200100002002000020037200371110201100991001001000010000000371011611197910100001002003820038200382003820038
10204200371500000061196872510100100100001001000050028476802001820037200371842231874510100200100002002000020037200371110201100991001001000010000000071011611197910100001002003820038200382003820038
102042003715000000276196872510100100100001001000050028476802001820037200371842231874510100200100002002000020037200371110201100991001001000010000000071011611197910100001002003820038200382003820038
10204200371500000061196872510100100100001001000050028476802001820037200371842231874510100200100002002000020037200371110201100991001001000010000010071011611197910100001002003820038200382003820038
10204200371500000084196872510100100100001001000050028476802001820037200371842231874510100200100002002000020037200371110201100991001001000010000000071011611197910100001002003820038200382003820038
10204200371500000061196872510100100100001001000050028476802001820037200371842231874510100200100002002000020037200371110201100991001001000010000000071011611197910100001002003820038200382003820038
102042003715000000611966510010100100100001001000050028476802001820037200371842231874510100200100002002000020037200371110201100991001001000010000000071011611197910100001002003820038200382003820038
102042003715000000726196872510100100100001001000050028476802001820037200371842231874510100200100002002000020037200371110201100991001001000010000000071011611197910100001002003820038200382003820038
10204200371500000061196872510100100100001001000050028476802001820037200371842231874510100200100002002000020037200371110201100991001001000010000000071011611197910100001002003820038200382003820038
10204200371500000061196872510100100100001001000050028476802001820037200371842231874510100200100002002000020037200371110201100991001001000010000000071011611197910100001002003820038200382003820038

1000 unrolls and 10 iterations

Result (median cycles for code): 2.0037

retire (01)cycle (02)031e3f4e51inst issue (52)~issue int (53)~issue fp/simd (54)~dispatch int (56)~dispatch fp/simd (57)huge thing int (59)huge thing fp/simd (5b)60696d6edispatch stall (70)scheduler rewind (75)scheduler stall (76)~dispatch op (78)~map op int (7c)~map op fp/simd (7e)~map lookup int (7f)~map lookup fp/simd (81)8283pipeline redirect (84)85inst all (8c)inst branch (8d)inst branch taken (90)inst b.cc (94)inst integer (97)inst neon or fp (9a)9fa8accfd5d6ddinst fetch restart (de)e0? fp/simd (ee)gpr retires (ef)f5f6f7f8fd
1002420037150082196872510010101000010100005028476800200182003720037184443187671001020100002020000200372003711100211091010100001000640216221978510000102003820038200382003820038
1002420037150061196872510010101000010100005028476801200182003720037184443187671001020100002020000200372003711100211091010100001000640216221978510000102003820038200382003820038
10024200371500657196872510010101000010100005028476800200182003720037184443187671001020101632020324200372003711100211091010100001000640216221978510000102003820038200382003820038
10024200371500677196872510010101000010100005028476801200182003720037184443187671001020100002020000200372003711100211091010100001000664216221978510000102003820038200382003820038
1002420037150061196872510010101000010100005028476801200182003720037184443187671001020100002020000200372003711100211091010100001000640216221978510000102003820038200382003820038
1002420037150061196872510010101000010100005028476801200182003720037184443187671001020100002020000200372003711100211091010100001000640216221978510000102003820038200382003820038
1002420037150061196872510010101000010100005028476801200182003720037184443187671001020100002020000200372003711100211091010100001000640216221978510000102003820038200382003820038
1002420037150061196872510010101000010100005028476800200182003720037184443187671001020100002020000200372003711100211091010100001000640216221978510000102003820038200382003820038
10024200371500679196872510010101000010100005028476800200182003720037184443187671001020100002020000200372003711100211091010100001000640216221978510000102003820038200382003820038
10024200371500251196872510010101000010100005028476800200182003720037184443187671001020100002020000200372003711100211091010100001000640216221978510000102003820038200382003820038

Test 3: Latency 1->3

Code:

  ssubl2 v0.4s, v1.8h, v0.8h
  movi v0.16b, 1
  movi v1.16b, 2

(fused SUBS/B.cc loop)

100 unrolls and 100 iterations

Result (median cycles for code): 2.0037

retire (01)cycle (02)031e3f4e51inst issue (52)~issue int (53)~issue fp/simd (54)~dispatch int (56)~dispatch fp/simd (57)huge thing int (59)huge thing fp/simd (5b)696d6edispatch stall (70)scheduler rewind (75)scheduler stall (76)~dispatch op (78)~map op int (7c)~map op fp/simd (7e)~map lookup int (7f)~map lookup fp/simd (81)8283pipeline redirect (84)85inst all (8c)inst branch (8d)inst branch taken (90)inst b.cc (94)inst integer (97)inst neon or fp (9a)9fa6a8cfd5d6ddinst fetch restart (de)e0? fp/simd (ee)gpr retires (ef)f5f6f7f8fd
10204200371500611968725101001001000010010000500284768020018200372003718422318745101002001000020020000200372003711102011009910010010000100007102162219791100001002003820038200382003820038
10204200371500611968725101001001000010010000500284768020018200372003718422318745101002001000020020000200372003711102011009910010010000100007102162219791100001002003820038200382003820038
10204200371500611968725101001001000010010000500284768020018200372003718422318745101002001000020020000200372003711102011009910010010000100007102162219791100001002003820038200382003820038
102042003715012611968725101001001000010010000500284768020018200372003718422318745101002001000020020000200372003711102011009910010010000100007102162219791100001002003820038200382003820038
10204200371500611968725101001001000010010000500284768020018200372003718422318745101002001000020020000200372003711102011009910010010000100007102162219791100001002003820038200382003820038
10204200371500611968725101001001000010010000500284768020018200372003718422318745101002001000020020000200372003711102011009910010010000100007102162219791100001002003820038200382003820038
10204200371500611968725101001001000010010000500284768020018200372003718422318745101002001000020020000200372003711102011009910010010000100007102162219791100001002003820038200382003820038
10204200371500611968725101001001000010010000500284768020018200372003718422318745101002001000020020000200372003711102011009910010010000100007102162219791100001002003820038200382003820038
10204200371500611968725101001001000010010000500284768020018200372003718422318745101002001000020020000200372003711102011009910010010000100007101162219791100001002003820038200382003820038
10204200371500611968725101001001000010010000527284768020018200372003718422318745101002001000020020000200372003711102011009910010010000100007102162219791100001002003820038200382003820038

1000 unrolls and 10 iterations

Result (median cycles for code): 2.0037

retire (01)cycle (02)031e3f4e51inst issue (52)~issue int (53)~issue fp/simd (54)~dispatch int (56)~dispatch fp/simd (57)huge thing int (59)huge thing fp/simd (5b)60696d6edispatch stall (70)72scheduler rewind (75)scheduler stall (76)~dispatch op (78)~map op int (7c)~map op fp/simd (7e)~map lookup int (7f)~map lookup fp/simd (81)8283pipeline redirect (84)85inst all (8c)inst branch (8d)inst branch taken (90)inst b.cc (94)inst integer (97)inst neon or fp (9a)9fa8accfd5d6ddinst fetch restart (de)e0? fp/simd (ee)gpr retires (ef)f5f6f7f8fd
10024200371500611968725100101010000101000050284768012001820037200371844403187671001020100002020000200372003711100211091010100001000640216221978510000102003820038200382003820038
10024200371500611968725100101010000101000050284768012001820037200371844403187671001020100002020000200372003711100211091010100001000640216221978510000102003820038200382003820038
100242003715001251968725100101010000101000050284768012001820037200371844403187671001020100002020000200372003711100211091010100001000640216221978510000102003820038200382003820038
10024200371500611968725100101010000101000050284768012001820037200371844403187671001020100002020000200372003711100211091010100001000640216221978510000102003820038200382003820038
10024200371500611968725100101010000101000050284768012001820037200371844403187671001020100002020000200372003711100211091010100001000640216221978510000102003820038200382003820038
10024200371500611968725100101010000101000050284768012001820037200371844403187671001020100002020000200372003711100211091010100001000640216221978510000102003820038200382003820038
10024200371500611968725100101010000101000050284768012001820037200371844403187671001020100002020000200372003711100211091010100001000640216221978510000102003820038200382003820038
100242003715001491968725100101010000101000050284768012001820037200371844403187671001020100002020000200372003711100211091010100001000640216221978510000102003820038200382003820038
100242003715001681968725100101010000101000050284768012001820037200371844403187671001020100002020000200372003711100211091010100001000640216221978510000102003820038200382003820038
10024200371500611968725100101010000101000050284768012001820037200371844403187671001020100002020000200372003711100211091010100001000640216221978510000102003820038200382003820038

Test 4: throughput

Count: 8

Code:

  ssubl2 v0.4s, v8.8h, v9.8h
  ssubl2 v1.4s, v8.8h, v9.8h
  ssubl2 v2.4s, v8.8h, v9.8h
  ssubl2 v3.4s, v8.8h, v9.8h
  ssubl2 v4.4s, v8.8h, v9.8h
  ssubl2 v5.4s, v8.8h, v9.8h
  ssubl2 v6.4s, v8.8h, v9.8h
  ssubl2 v7.4s, v8.8h, v9.8h
  movi v8.16b, 9
  movi v9.16b, 10

(fused SUBS/B.cc loop)

100 unrolls and 100 iterations

Result (median cycles for code divided by count): 0.2505

retire (01)cycle (02)031e3f51inst issue (52)~issue int (53)~issue fp/simd (54)~dispatch int (56)~dispatch fp/simd (57)huge thing int (59)huge thing fp/simd (5b)696b6d6edispatch stall (70)scheduler rewind (75)scheduler stall (76)~dispatch op (78)~map op int (7c)~map op fp/simd (7e)~map lookup int (7f)~map lookup fp/simd (81)8283pipeline redirect (84)85inst all (8c)inst branch (8d)inst branch taken (90)inst b.cc (94)inst integer (97)inst neon or fp (9a)9faccfd5d6ddinst fetch restart (de)e0? fp/simd (ee)gpr retires (ef)f5f6f7f8fd
80204200671500402580100100800001008000050064000020019020038200389973399968010020080000200160000200382003811802011009910010080000100051102161120035800001002003920039200392003920039
80204200381500402580100100800001008000050064000020019020038200389973399968010020080000200160000200382003811802011009910010080000100051101161120035800001002003920039200392003920039
80204200381500402580100100800001008000050064000020019020038200389973399968010020080000200160000200382003811802011009910010080000100051101161120035800001002003920039200392003920039
802042003815005572580100100800001008000050064000020019020038200389973399968010020080000200160000200382003811802011009910010080000100051101161120035800001002003920039200392003920039
80204200381500402580100100800001008000050064000020019020038200389973399968010020080000200160000200382003811802011009910010080000100051101161120035800001002003920039200392003920039
80204200381500402580100100800001008000050064000020019020038200389973399968010020080000200160000200382003811802011009910010080000100051101161120035800001002003920039200392003920039
80204200381500402580100100800001008000050064000020019020038200389973399968010020080000200160000200382003811802011009910010080000100051101161120035800001002003920039200392003920039
80204200381500402580100100800001008000050064000020019020038200389973399968010020080000200160000200382003811802011009910010080000100051101161120035800001002003920039200392003920039
802042003815092304480208100800001008000050064000020019020038200389973399968010020080000200160000200382003811802011009910010080000100051101161120035800001002009020039200392003920039
80204200381500402580100100800001008000050064000020019020038200389973399968010020080000200160000200382003811802011009910010080000100051101161220035800001002003920039200392003920039

1000 unrolls and 10 iterations

Result (median cycles for code divided by count): 0.2505

retire (01)cycle (02)031e3f51inst issue (52)~issue int (53)~issue fp/simd (54)~dispatch int (56)~dispatch fp/simd (57)huge thing int (59)huge thing fp/simd (5b)6061696d6edispatch stall (70)scheduler rewind (75)scheduler stall (76)~dispatch op (78)~map op int (7c)~map op fp/simd (7e)~map lookup int (7f)~map lookup fp/simd (81)8283pipeline redirect (84)85inst all (8c)inst branch (8d)inst branch taken (90)inst b.cc (94)inst integer (97)inst neon or fp (9a)9fa8a9cfd0d2d5d6ddinst fetch restart (de)e0? fp/simd (ee)gpr retires (ef)f5f6f7f8fd
80024200471500392580010108000010800005064000010200192003820038999631001880010208000020160000200382003811800211091010800001000502003116112003580000102003920039200392003920039
80024200381500602580010108000010800005064000015200192003820038999631001880010208000020160000200382003811800211091010800001000502053116112003580000102003920039200392003920039
800242003815004272580010108000010800005064000015200192003820038999631001880010208000020160000200382003811800211091010800001000502054116112003580000102003920039200392008820039
800242003815094192580010108000013800005064000015200192009520088999631001880010208000020160000200382003811800211091010800001010502054116112003580000102003920039200392003920039
800242003815003925800101080000108000050640000152001920038201471000431001880010208009620160000200382003811800211091010800001002502054116112003580000102003920039200392003920039
80024200381500392580010108000010800005064000015200192003820038999631001880010208000020160000200382003811800211091010800001010502054116112003580000102003920039200392003920039
80024200381509602580010108000010800005064000015200192003820038999631001880010208000020160000200382003811800211091010800001000502054116112003580000102003920039200392003920039
80024200381500392580010108000010800005064000015200192003820038999631001880010208000020160000200382003811800211091010800001000502054116112003580000102003920039200392003920039
800242003815012392580010108000010800005064000015200192003820038999631001880010208000020160000200382003811800211091010800001000502054116112003580000102003920039200392003920039
80024200381500392580010108000010800005064000015200192003820038999631001880010208000020160000200382003811800211091010800001000502054116112003580000102003920039200392008720039