Apple M1 Microarchitecture Research by Dougall Johnson

Firestorm: Overview | Base Instructions | SIMD and FP Instructions
Icestorm:  Overview | Base Instructions | SIMD and FP Instructions

SSUBW (vector, 2D)

Test 1: uops

Code:

  ssubw v0.2d, v0.2d, v1.2s
  movi v0.16b, 1
  movi v1.16b, 2

(no loop instructions)

1000 unrolls and 1 iteration

Retires: 1.000

Issues: 1.000

Integer unit issues: 0.000

Load/store unit issues: 0.000

SIMD/FP unit issues: 1.000

retire (01)cycle (02)031e3f4e51inst issue (52)~issue fp/simd (54)~dispatch fp/simd (57)huge thing fp/simd (5b)60696d6edispatch stall (70)scheduler rewind (75)scheduler stall (76)~dispatch op (78)~map op fp/simd (7e)~map lookup fp/simd (81)8283pipeline redirect (84)85inst all (8c)inst neon or fp (9a)a0accfd5d6ddinst fetch restart (de)e0? fp/simd (ee)f5f6f7f8fd
100420371508416872510001000100026468012018203720371572318951000100020002037203711100110000073216221787100020382038203820382038
100420371506116872510001000100026468012018203720371572318951000100020002037203711100110000073216221787100020382038203820382038
100420371536116872510001000100026468012018203720371572318951000100020002037203711100110000073216221787100020382038203820382038
100420371506116872510001000100026468012018203720371572318951000100020002037203711100110000073216221787100020382038203820382038
100420371508416872510001000100026468012018203720371572318951000100020002037203711100110004073216221787100020382038203820382038
100420371506116872510001000100026468012018203720371572318951000100020002037203711100110000073216221787100020382038203820382038
100420371506116872510001000100026468012018203720371572318951000100020002037203711100110000073216221787100020382038203820382038
100420371506116872510001000100026468012018203720371572318951000100020002037203711100110000073216221787100020382038203820382038
10042037151210316872510001000100026468012018203720371572318951000100020002037203711100110000073216221787100020382038203820382038
100420371606116872510001000100026468012018203720371572318951000100020002037203711100110000073216221787100020382038203820382038

Test 2: Latency 1->2

Code:

  ssubw v0.2d, v0.2d, v1.2s
  movi v0.16b, 1
  movi v1.16b, 2

(fused SUBS/B.cc loop)

100 unrolls and 100 iterations

Result (median cycles for code): 2.0037

retire (01)cycle (02)0308091e3a3f4e51inst issue (52)~issue int (53)~issue fp/simd (54)~dispatch int (56)~dispatch fp/simd (57)huge thing int (59)huge thing fp/simd (5b)696d6edispatch stall (70)scheduler rewind (75)scheduler stall (76)~dispatch op (78)~map op int (7c)~map op fp/simd (7e)~map lookup int (7f)~map lookup fp/simd (81)8283pipeline redirect (84)85inst all (8c)inst branch (8d)inst branch taken (90)inst b.cc (94)inst integer (97)inst neon or fp (9a)9fa1a6a8a9acc2cfd5d6ddinst fetch restart (de)e0? int output thing (e9)? fp/simd (ee)gpr retires (ef)f5f6f7f8fd
1020420037150000061196872510100100100001001000050028476802001820037200371842231874510100200100002002000020037200371110201100991001001000010000000071021611197910100001002003820038200382003820038
10204200371500021061196872510100100100001001000050028476802001820037200371842231874510100200100002002000020037200371110201100991001001000010000000071011611197910100001002003820038200382003820085
1020420086150000061196872510100100100001001000050028476802001820037200371842231874510100200100002002000020037200371110201100991001001000010000000071011611197910100001002003820038200382003820038
1020420037150009061196872510100100100001001000050028476802001820037200371842231874510100200100002002000020037200371110201100991001001000010000000071011611197910100001002003820038200382003820038
1020420037150000061196872510100100100001001000050028476802001820037200371842231874510100200100002002000020037200371110201100991001001000010000000071011611197910100001002003820038200382003820038
1020420037150000061196872510100100100001001000050028476802001820037200371842231874510100200100002002000020037200371110201100991001001000010000000071011611197910100001002003820038200382003820038
1020420037150009061196872510100100100001001000050028476802001820037200371842231874510100200100002002000020037200371110201100991001001000010000000071011611197910100001002003820038200382003820038
1020420037150010061196872510100100100001001000050028476802001820037200371842231874510100200100002002000020037200371110201100991001001000010000000071011611197910100001002003820038200382003820038
102042003715000180061196872510100100100001001000050028476802001820037200371842231874510100200100002002000020037200371110201100991001001000010000000071011611197910100001002003820038200382003820038
102042003715000309061196872510100100100001001000050028476802001820037200371842231874510100200100002002000020037200371110201100991001001000010000000071011611197910100001002003820038200382003820038

1000 unrolls and 10 iterations

Result (median cycles for code): 2.0037

retire (01)cycle (02)03080b18191e1f3f4e51inst issue (52)~issue int (53)~issue fp/simd (54)~dispatch int (56)~dispatch fp/simd (57)huge thing int (59)huge thing fp/simd (5b)6061696d6edispatch stall (70)72scheduler rewind (75)scheduler stall (76)~dispatch op (78)~map op int (7c)~map op fp/simd (7e)~map lookup int (7f)~map lookup fp/simd (81)8283pipeline redirect (84)85inst all (8c)inst branch (8d)inst branch taken (90)inst b.cc (94)inst integer (97)inst neon or fp (9a)9fa0a1a6a8a9acc2cfd0d5d6ddinst fetch restart (de)e0? int output thing (e9)? fp/simd (ee)gpr retires (ef)f5f6f7f8fd
1002420037150000021061196872510010101000010100005028476800920018200372003718444031876710010201000020200002003720037111002110910101000010000000064093162219785010000102003820038200382003820038
100242003715001000061196872510010101000010100005028476801920018200372003718444031876710010201000020200002003720037111002110910101000010000000064092162219785010000102003820038200382003820038
1002420037150000018061196872510010101000010100005028476801920018200372003718444031876710010201000020200002003720037111002110910101000010000000064092162219785010000102003820038200382003820038
1002420037150000018061196872510010101000010100005028476801920018200372003718444031876710010201000020200002003720037111002110910101000010000000064092162219785010000102003820038200382003820038
1002420037150000048003002196872510010101000010100005028476801020018200372003718444031876710010201000020200002003720037111002110910101000010000000064002162219785010000102003820038200382003820038
100242003715000000061196872510010101000010100005028476801020018200372003718444031876710010201000020200002003720037111002110910101000010000000064092162219785010000102003820038200382003820038
1002420037150000036061196872510010101000010100005028476801920018200372003718444031876710010201000020200002003720037111002110910101000010000000064002162219785010000102003820038200382003820038
1002420037150000015061196872510010101000010100005028476800020018200372003718444031876710010201000020200002003720037111002110910101000010000000064002162219785010000102003820038200382003820038
1002420037150000030061196872510010101000010100005028476800020018200372003718444031876710010201000020200002003720037111002110910101000010000000064002162219785010000102003820038200382003820038
100242003715000000061196872510010101000010100005028476800920018200372003718444031876710010201000020200002003720037111002110910101000010000000064002162219785010000102003820038200382003820038

Test 3: Latency 1->3

Code:

  ssubw v0.2d, v1.2d, v0.2s
  movi v0.16b, 1
  movi v1.16b, 2

(fused SUBS/B.cc loop)

100 unrolls and 100 iterations

Result (median cycles for code): 2.0037

retire (01)cycle (02)03080b18191e1f3a3f4e51inst issue (52)~issue int (53)~issue fp/simd (54)~dispatch int (56)~dispatch fp/simd (57)huge thing int (59)huge thing fp/simd (5b)60696d6edispatch stall (70)scheduler rewind (75)scheduler stall (76)~dispatch op (78)~map op int (7c)~map op fp/simd (7e)~map lookup int (7f)~map lookup fp/simd (81)8283pipeline redirect (84)85inst all (8c)inst branch (8d)inst branch taken (90)inst b.cc (94)inst integer (97)inst neon or fp (9a)9fa0a1a6a8a9acc2cfd5d6ddinst fetch restart (de)e0? int output thing (e9)? fp/simd (ee)gpr retires (ef)f5f6f7f8fd
1020420037150003057006119687251010010010000100100005002847680120018200372003718422318745101002001000020020000200372003711102011009910010010000100000000071011611197910100001002003820038200382003820038
1020420037150000024006119687251010010010000100100005002847680120018200372003718422318745101002001000020020000200372003711102011009910010010000100000000071011611197910100001002003820038200382003820038
1020420037150000000061196872510100100100001001000050028476801200182003720037184223187451010020010000200200002003720037111020110099100100100001000000015071011611197910100001002003820038200382003820038
1020420037150000021006119687251010010010000100100005002847680120018200372003718422318745105862001000020020000200372003711102011009910010010000100000000071011611197910100001002003820038200382003820038
1020420037150000015008219687251010010010000100100005002847680120018200372003718422318745101002001000020020000200372003711102011009910010010000100000000071011611197910100001002003820038200382003820038
10204200371500000000104619687251010010010000100100005002847680120018200372003718422318745101002001000020020000200372003711102011009910010010000100000000071011611197910100001002003820038200382003820038
1020420037150000024006119687251010010010000100100005002847680120018200372003718422318745101002001000020020000200372003711102011009910010010000100000000071011611197910100001002003820038200382003820038
1020420037150000027006119687251010010010000100100005002847680120018200372003718422318745101002001000020020000200372003711102011009910010010000100000000071011611197910100001002003820038200382003820038
1020420037150000033006119687251010010010000100100005002847680120018200372003718422318745101002001000020020000200372003711102011009910010010000100000000071011611197910100001002003820183200382003820038
102042003715000000006119687251010010010000100100005002847680120018200372003718422318745101002001000020020000200372003711102011009910010010000100000200071011611197910100001002003820038200382003820038

1000 unrolls and 10 iterations

Result (median cycles for code): 2.0037

retire (01)cycle (02)03081e3f4e51inst issue (52)~issue int (53)~issue fp/simd (54)~dispatch int (56)~dispatch fp/simd (57)huge thing int (59)huge thing fp/simd (5b)60696d6edispatch stall (70)scheduler rewind (75)scheduler stall (76)~dispatch op (78)~map op int (7c)~map op fp/simd (7e)~map lookup int (7f)~map lookup fp/simd (81)8283pipeline redirect (84)85inst all (8c)inst branch (8d)inst branch taken (90)inst b.cc (94)inst integer (97)inst neon or fp (9a)9fa8accfd5d6ddinst fetch restart (de)e0? fp/simd (ee)gpr retires (ef)f5f6f7f8fd
100242003715006082196872510010101000010100005028476800200182008420037184443187671001020100002020000200372003711100211091010100001003640216221978510000102003820038200382003820086
10024200371500061196872510010101001210100005028476800200182003720037184443187671001020100002020000200372003711100211091010100001010640216221978510000102008620038200382003820038
10024200371500061196872510010101000010100005028476800200182003720037184483187671001020100002020000200372003711100211091010100001000640216221978510000102003820038200382003820038
100242003715002761196872510010101000010100005028476800200182003720037184443187671001020100002020000200372003711100211091010100001000640216221978510000102003820038200382003820038
10024200371500061196872510010101000010100005028476800200182003720037184443187671001020100002020000200372003711100211091010100001000640216221978510000102003820038200382003820038
10024200371500061196872510010101000010100005028476800200182003720037184443187671001020100002020000200372003711100211091010100001000640216221978510000102003820038200382003820038
10024200371490061196872510010101000010100005028476800200182003720037184443187671001020100002020000200372003711100211091010100001000640216221978510000102003820038200382003820038
100242003715007261196872510010101000010100005028476800200182003720037184443188211001020100002020000200372003711100211091010100001000640216221978510000102003820038200382003820038
10024200371500061196872510010101000010100005028476800200182003720037184443187671001020100002020000200372003711100211091010100001003640216221978510000102003820038200382003820038
100242003715001261196872510010101000010100005028476800200182003720037184443187671001020100002020000200372003711100211091010100001000640216221978510000102003820038200382003820038

Test 4: throughput

Count: 8

Code:

  ssubw v0.2d, v8.2d, v9.2s
  ssubw v1.2d, v8.2d, v9.2s
  ssubw v2.2d, v8.2d, v9.2s
  ssubw v3.2d, v8.2d, v9.2s
  ssubw v4.2d, v8.2d, v9.2s
  ssubw v5.2d, v8.2d, v9.2s
  ssubw v6.2d, v8.2d, v9.2s
  ssubw v7.2d, v8.2d, v9.2s
  movi v8.16b, 9
  movi v9.16b, 10

(fused SUBS/B.cc loop)

100 unrolls and 100 iterations

Result (median cycles for code divided by count): 0.2505

retire (01)cycle (02)03070b191e3f51inst issue (52)~issue int (53)~issue fp/simd (54)~dispatch int (56)~dispatch fp/simd (57)huge thing int (59)huge thing fp/simd (5b)60696d6edispatch stall (70)scheduler rewind (75)scheduler stall (76)~dispatch op (78)~map op int (7c)~map op fp/simd (7e)~map lookup int (7f)~map lookup fp/simd (81)8283pipeline redirect (84)85inst all (8c)inst branch (8d)inst branch taken (90)inst b.cc (94)inst integer (97)inst neon or fp (9a)9fa8a9accfd5d6ddinst fetch restart (de)e0? fp/simd (ee)gpr retires (ef)f5f6f7f8fd
802042006015000004025801001008000010080000585640000020019200382003899733999680100200800002001600002003820038118020110099100100800001002251651123161120035800001002003920039200392003920039
8020420038150000040258010010080000100800005006400000200192003820038997339996801002008000020016000020038200381180201100991001008000010000051101161220035800001002003920039200392003920039
8020420038150000040258010010080000100800005006400001200192003820038997339996801002008000020016000020038200381180201100991001008000010000051101161120035800001002003920039200392003920039
8020420038150000040258010010080000100800005006400001200192003820038997339996801002008000020016000020038200381180201100991001008000010000051101161120035800001002003920039200392003920039
8020420038150000040258010010080000100800005006400000200192003820038997339996801002008000020016000020038200381180201100991001008000010040351101161120035800001002003920039200392003920039
8020420038150000040258010010080000100800005006400000200192003820038997339996801002008000020016000020038200381180201100991001008000010000051101161120035800001002003920039200392003920039
80204200381500000402580100100800001008000050064000002001920038200389973399968010020080000200160000200382003811802011009910010080000100190351101161120035800001002003920039200392003920039
8020420038150000040258010010080000100800005006400000200192003820038997339996801002008000020016000020038200381180201100991001008000010000051101161120035800001002003920039200392003920039
8020420038150000040258010010080000100800005006400000200192003820038997339996801002008000020016000020038200381180201100991001008000010000051102161120035800001002003920039200392003920039
8020420038150000040258010010080000100800005006400000200192003820038997339996801002008000020016000020038200381180201100991001008000010010051101161120035800001002003920039200392003920039

1000 unrolls and 10 iterations

Result (median cycles for code divided by count): 0.2505

retire (01)cycle (02)03040a1e3f51inst issue (52)~issue int (53)~issue fp/simd (54)~dispatch int (56)~dispatch fp/simd (57)huge thing int (59)huge thing fp/simd (5b)60696d6edispatch stall (70)scheduler rewind (75)scheduler stall (76)~dispatch op (78)~map op int (7c)~map op fp/simd (7e)~map lookup int (7f)~map lookup fp/simd (81)8283pipeline redirect (84)85inst all (8c)inst branch (8d)inst branch taken (90)inst b.cc (94)inst integer (97)inst neon or fp (9a)9fa0a1a6a8accfd5d6ddinst fetch restart (de)e0? fp/simd (ee)gpr retires (ef)f5f6f7f8fd
80024200481501003925800101080000108000050640000020019200382003899963100188001020800002016000020038200381180021109101080000100000215020161627142003580000102003920039200392003920039
8002420038150000392580010108000010800005064000012001920038200389996310018800102080000201600002003820038118002110910108000010000005020161625252003580000102003920039200392003920039
8002420038150000392580010108000010800005064000002001920038200389996310018800102080000201600002003820038118002110910108000010000005020261613272003580000102003920039200392003920039
8002420038150000392580010108000010800005064000002001920038200389996310018800102080000201600002003820038118002110910108000010000005020151627142003580000102003920039200392003920039
8002420038150000392580010108000010800005064306012001920038200389996310018800102080000201600002003820038118002110910108000010000005020271627272008180000102003920039200392003920039
8002420038150000392580010108000010800005064000012001920038200389996310018800102080000201600002003820038118002110910108000010000005020131626202003580000102003920039200392003920039
8002420038150000392580010108000010800005064000012001920038200389996310018800102080000201600002003820038118002110910108000010000005020261627262003580000102003920039200392003920039
8002420038150000392580010108000010800005064000002001920038200389996310018800102080000201600002003820038118002110910108000010000005020151626122003580000102003920039200392003920039
8002420038150000392580010108000010800005064000002001920038200389996310018800102080000201600002003820038118002110910108000010000005020211628202003580000102003920039200392003920039
8002420038150000392580010108000010800006064000002001920038200389996310018800102080000201600002003820038118002110910108000010000005020271627272003580000102003920039200392003920039