Apple M1 Microarchitecture Research by Dougall Johnson

Firestorm: Overview | Base Instructions | SIMD and FP Instructions
Icestorm:  Overview | Base Instructions | SIMD and FP Instructions

SUB (vector, 2D)

Test 1: uops

Code:

  sub v0.2d, v0.2d, v1.2d
  movi v0.16b, 1
  movi v1.16b, 2

(no loop instructions)

1000 unrolls and 1 iteration

Retires: 1.000

Issues: 1.000

Integer unit issues: 0.000

Load/store unit issues: 0.000

SIMD/FP unit issues: 1.000

retire (01)cycle (02)030b1e3f4e51inst issue (52)~issue fp/simd (54)~dispatch fp/simd (57)huge thing fp/simd (5b)60696d6edispatch stall (70)scheduler rewind (75)scheduler stall (76)~dispatch op (78)~map op fp/simd (7e)~map lookup fp/simd (81)8283pipeline redirect (84)85inst all (8c)inst neon or fp (9a)a8accfd5d6ddinst fetch restart (de)e0? fp/simd (ee)f5f6f7f8fd
1004203715006116872510001000100026468002018203720371572318951000100020002037203711100110000073116111787100020382038203820382038
1004203715096116872510001000100026468002018203720371572318951000100020002037203711100110000073116111787100020382038203820382038
1004203715006116872510001000100026468002018203720371572318951000100020002037203711100110000073116111787100020382038203820382038
1004203715006116872510001000100026468012018203720371572318951000100020002037203711100110000094116111787100020382038203820382038
1004203715006116872510001000100026468002018203720371572318951000100020002037203711100110000073116111787100020382038203820382038
1004203715006116872510001000100026468012018203720371572318951000100020002037203711100110000073116111787100020382038203820382038
1004203715006116872510001000100026468002018203720371572318951000100020002037203711100110000073116111787100020382038203820382038
1004203715006116872510001000100026468012018203720371572318951000100020002037203711100110000073116111787100020382038203820382038
1004203715006116872510001000100026468002018203720371572318951000100020002037203711100110000073127111787100020382038203820382038
1004203715006116872510001000100026468002018203720371572318951000100020002037203711100110000073116111787100020382038203820382038

Test 2: Latency 1->2

Code:

  sub v0.2d, v0.2d, v1.2d
  movi v0.16b, 1
  movi v1.16b, 2

(fused SUBS/B.cc loop)

100 unrolls and 100 iterations

Result (median cycles for code): 2.0037

retire (01)cycle (02)030b18191e1f3a3f4e51inst issue (52)~issue int (53)~issue fp/simd (54)~dispatch int (56)~dispatch fp/simd (57)huge thing int (59)huge thing fp/simd (5b)60696d6edispatch stall (70)scheduler rewind (75)scheduler stall (76)~dispatch op (78)~map op int (7c)~map op fp/simd (7e)~map lookup int (7f)~map lookup fp/simd (81)8283pipeline redirect (84)85inst all (8c)inst branch (8d)inst branch taken (90)inst b.cc (94)inst integer (97)inst neon or fp (9a)9fa0a1a8a9accfd5d6ddinst fetch restart (de)e0? int output thing (e9)? fp/simd (ee)gpr retires (ef)f5f6f7f8fd
1020420037161000120061196872510100100100001001000050028476801200182003720037184223187451010020010000200200002003720037111020110099100100100001000040071011611197910100001002003820038200382003820038
10204200371610001200103196872510100100100001001000050028476801200182003720037184223187451010020010000200200002003720037111020110099100100100001000000371011611197910100001002003820038200382003820038
1020420037161000000103196872510100100100001001000050028476801200182003720037184223187451010020010000200200002003720037111020110099100100100001000030371011611197910100001002003820038200382003820038
1020420037156000000726196872510100100100001001000050028476801200182003720037184223187451010020010000200200002003720037111020110099100100100001000010371011611197910100001002003820038200382003820038
102042003715500000061196872510100100100001001000050028476801200182003720037184223187451010020010000200200002003720037111020110099100100100001000000071011611197910100001002003820038200382003820038
102042003716100000061196872510100100100001001000050028476801200182003720037184223187451010020010000200200002003720037111020110099100100100001000000071011611197910100001002003820038200382003820038
102042003715300000061196872510100100100001001000050028476801200182003720037184223187451010020010000200200002003720037111020110099100100100001000010071011611197910100001002003820038200382003820038
102042003715300000061196872510100100100001001000050028476801200182003720037184223187451010020010000200200002003720037111020110099100100100001000010071011611197910100001002003820038200382003820038
1020420037153000000611968725101001001000010010000500284768012001820037200371842231874510100200100002002000020037200371110201100991001001000010000002771011611197910100001002003820038200382003820038
102042003715300000061196872510100100100001001000050028476801200182003720037184223187451010020010000200200002003720037111020110099100100100001000020071011611197910100001002003820038200382003820038

1000 unrolls and 10 iterations

Result (median cycles for code): 2.0037

retire (01)cycle (02)0318191e3f4e51inst issue (52)~issue int (53)~issue fp/simd (54)~dispatch int (56)~dispatch fp/simd (57)huge thing int (59)huge thing fp/simd (5b)60696d6edispatch stall (70)scheduler rewind (75)scheduler stall (76)~dispatch op (78)~map op int (7c)~map op fp/simd (7e)~map lookup int (7f)~map lookup fp/simd (81)8283pipeline redirect (84)85inst all (8c)inst branch (8d)inst branch taken (90)inst b.cc (94)inst integer (97)inst neon or fp (9a)9fa8a9accfd5d6ddinst fetch restart (de)e0? fp/simd (ee)gpr retires (ef)f5f6f7f8fd
1002420037150000611968725100101010000101000050284768002001820037200371844431876710010201000020200002003720037111002110910101000010000640516531978510000102003820038200382003820038
1002420037150000611968725100101010000101000050284768002001820037200371844431876710010201000020200002003720037111002110910101000010009640516541978510000102003820038200382003820038
10024200371500006119687251001010100001010000502847680120018200372003718444318767100102010000202000020037200371110021109101010000104603640516551978510000102003820038200382003820038
1002420037150000611968725100101010000101000050284768012001820037200371844431876710010201000020200002003720037111002110910101000010000640416451978510000102003820038200382003820038
10024200371500006119687251001010100001010000502847680120018200842003718444318767100102010000202000020037200371110021109101010000102200640516451978510000102003820038200382003820038
100242003715011061196872510010101000010100005028476801200182003720037184443187671001020100002020000200372003711100211091010100001001163640416541978510000102003820038200382003820038
1002420037150000611968725100101010000101000050284768002001820037200371844431876710010201000020200002003720037111002110910101000010120177640516541978510000102003820038200382003820038
1002420037150000611968725100101010000101000050284768002001820037200371844431876710010201000020200002003720037111002110910101000010009640516451978510000102003820038200382003820038
1002420037150000611968725100101010000101000050284768002001820037200371844431876710010201000020200002003720037111002110910101000010003640516541978510000102003820038200382003820038
1002420037150000611968725100101010000101000050284768002001820037200371844431876710010201000020200002003720037111002110910101000010009640516551978510000102003820038200382003820038

Test 3: Latency 1->3

Code:

  sub v0.2d, v1.2d, v0.2d
  movi v0.16b, 1
  movi v1.16b, 2

(fused SUBS/B.cc loop)

100 unrolls and 100 iterations

Result (median cycles for code): 2.0037

retire (01)cycle (02)03181e3f4e51inst issue (52)~issue int (53)~issue fp/simd (54)~dispatch int (56)~dispatch fp/simd (57)huge thing int (59)huge thing fp/simd (5b)60696d6edispatch stall (70)scheduler rewind (75)scheduler stall (76)~dispatch op (78)~map op int (7c)~map op fp/simd (7e)~map lookup int (7f)~map lookup fp/simd (81)8283pipeline redirect (84)85inst all (8c)inst branch (8d)inst branch taken (90)inst b.cc (94)inst integer (97)inst neon or fp (9a)9fa1a8accdcfd5d6ddinst fetch restart (de)e0? fp/simd (ee)gpr retires (ef)f5f6f7f8fd
102042003715900611968725101001001000010010000500284768012001820037200371842231874510100200100002002000020037200371110201100991001001000010000007101161119791100001002003820038200382003820038
102042003715000611968725101001001000010010000500284768002001820037200371842231874510100200100002002000020037200371110201100991001001000010000007101161119791100001002003820038200382003820038
102042003715000611968725101001001000010010000500284768002001820037200371842231874510100200100002002000020037200371110201100991001001000010003307101161119791100001002003820038200382003820038
102042003715000611968725101001001000010010000500284768002001820037200371842231874510100200100002002000020037200371110201100991001001000010000007101161119791100001002003820038200382003820038
102042003715000611968725101001001000010010000500284768002001820037200371842231874510100200100002002000020037200371110201100991001001000010000007101161119791100001002003820038200382003820038
102042003715000611968725101001001000010010000500284768002001820037200371842231874510100200100002002000020037200371110201100991001001000010000007101161119791100001002003820038200382003820038
10204200371500061196872510100100100001001000050028476800200182003720037184223187451010020010000200200002003720037111020110099100100100001000010807101161119791100001002003820038200382003820038
102042003715000611968725101001001000010010000500284768002001820037200371842231874510100200100002002000020037200371110201100991001001000010000007101161119791100001002003820038200382003820038
102042003715000611968725101001001000010010000500284768002001820037200371842231874510100200100002002000020037200371110201100991001001000010000007101161119791100001002003820038200382003820038
102042003715000611968725101001001000010010000500284768002001820037200371842231874510100200100002002000020037200371110201100991001001000010000007101161119791100001002003820038200382003820038

1000 unrolls and 10 iterations

Result (median cycles for code): 2.0037

retire (01)cycle (02)03181e1f3f4e51inst issue (52)~issue int (53)~issue fp/simd (54)~dispatch int (56)~dispatch fp/simd (57)huge thing int (59)huge thing fp/simd (5b)60696d6edispatch stall (70)scheduler rewind (75)scheduler stall (76)~dispatch op (78)~map op int (7c)~map op fp/simd (7e)~map lookup int (7f)~map lookup fp/simd (81)8283pipeline redirect (84)85inst all (8c)inst branch (8d)inst branch taken (90)inst b.cc (94)inst integer (97)inst neon or fp (9a)9fa6a8accfd5d6ddinst fetch restart (de)e0? int output thing (e9)? fp/simd (ee)gpr retires (ef)f5f6f7f8fd
10024200371500006119687251001010100001010000502847680020018200372003718444318767100102010000202000020037200371110021109101010000100006403162219785010000102003820038200382003820038
10024200371500006119687251001010100001010000502847680120018200372003718444318767100102010000202000020037200371110021109101010000100236402242219785010000102003820038200382003820038
100242003715000061196872510010101000010100005028476801200182003720037184443187671001020100002020000200372003711100211091010100001003206402162219785010000102003820038200382003820038
10024200371500006119687251001010100001010000502847680020018200372003718444318767100102010000202000020037200371110021109101010000100006402162219785010000102003820038200382003820038
10024200371500006119687251001010100001010000502847680120018200372003718444318767100102010000202000020037200371110021109101010000100006402162219785010000102003820038200382003820038
10024200371500006119687251001010100001010000502847680020018200372003718444318767100102010000202000020037200371110021109101010000100006402162219785010000102003820038200382003820038
10024200371500006119687251001010100001010000502847680020018200372003718444318767100102010000202000020037200371110021109101010000100136402162219785010000102003820038200382003820038
10024200371500006119687251001010100001010000502847680020018200372003718444318767100102010000202000020037200371110021109101010000100006402162219785010000102003820038200382003820038
10024200371500008219687251001010100001010000502847680020018200372003718444318767100102010000202000020037200371110021109101010000100106402162219785010000102003820038200382003820038
10024200371500006119687251001010100001010000502847680120018200372003718444318767100102010000202000020037200371110021109101010000100006402162219785010000102003820038200382003820038

Test 4: throughput

Count: 8

Code:

  sub v0.2d, v8.2d, v9.2d
  sub v1.2d, v8.2d, v9.2d
  sub v2.2d, v8.2d, v9.2d
  sub v3.2d, v8.2d, v9.2d
  sub v4.2d, v8.2d, v9.2d
  sub v5.2d, v8.2d, v9.2d
  sub v6.2d, v8.2d, v9.2d
  sub v7.2d, v8.2d, v9.2d
  movi v8.16b, 9
  movi v9.16b, 10

(fused SUBS/B.cc loop)

100 unrolls and 100 iterations

Result (median cycles for code divided by count): 0.2505

retire (01)cycle (02)03091e3f51inst issue (52)~issue int (53)~issue fp/simd (54)~dispatch int (56)~dispatch fp/simd (57)huge thing int (59)huge thing fp/simd (5b)60696d6edispatch stall (70)scheduler rewind (75)scheduler stall (76)~dispatch op (78)~map op int (7c)~map op fp/simd (7e)~map lookup int (7f)~map lookup fp/simd (81)8283pipeline redirect (84)85inst all (8c)inst branch (8d)inst branch taken (90)inst b.cc (94)inst integer (97)inst neon or fp (9a)9fa0a1a8acbranch mispredict (cb)cfd5d6ddinst fetch restart (de)e0? fp/simd (ee)gpr retires (ef)f5f6f7f8fd
8020420058150004025801001008000010080000500640000020019200382003899733999680100200800002001600002003820038118020110099100100800001000000051102161120035800001002003920039200392003920039
8020420038150004025801001008000010080000500640000020019200382003899733999680100200800002001600002003820038118020110099100100800001000000051101161120035800001002003920039200392003920039
8020420038150004025801001008000010080000500640000020019200382003899733999680100200800002001600002003820038118020110099100100800001000000051101161120035800001002003920039200392003920039
8020420038150004025801001008000010080000500640000120019200382003899733999680100200800002001600002003820038118020110099100100800001000000051101161120035800001002003920039200392003920039
80204200381500092225801001008000010080000500640000020019200382003899733999680100200800002001600002003820038118020110099100100800001000030051101161120035800001002003920039200392003920039
8020420038150104025801001008000010080000500640000020019200382003899733999680100200800002001600002003820038118020110099100100800001000000051101161120035800001002003920039200392003920039
8020420038150004025801001008000010080000500640000020019200382003899733999680100200800002001600002003820038118020110099100100800001000000051101161120035800001002003920039200392003920039
80204200381500060725801001008000010080000500640000020019200382003899733999680100200800002001600002003820038118020110099100100800001000000051101161120035800001002003920039200392003920039
8020420038150004025801001008000010080000500640000020019200382003899733999680100200800002001600002003820038118020110099100100800001000000051101161120035800001002003920039200392003920039
8020420038150004025801001008000010080000500640000020019200382003899733999680100200800002001600002003820038118020110099100100800001002010051271161120035800001002003920039200392003920039

1000 unrolls and 10 iterations

Result (median cycles for code divided by count): 0.2505

retire (01)cycle (02)0309191e1f3f51inst issue (52)~issue int (53)~issue fp/simd (54)~dispatch int (56)~dispatch fp/simd (57)huge thing int (59)huge thing fp/simd (5b)6061696d6edispatch stall (70)scheduler rewind (75)scheduler stall (76)~dispatch op (78)~map op int (7c)~map op fp/simd (7e)~map lookup int (7f)~map lookup fp/simd (81)8283pipeline redirect (84)85inst all (8c)inst branch (8d)inst branch taken (90)inst b.cc (94)inst integer (97)inst neon or fp (9a)9fa8accfd0d2d5d6d9ddinst fetch restart (de)e0? int output thing (e9)? fp/simd (ee)gpr retires (ef)f5f6f7f8fd
8002420039150000039258001010800001080000506400001020019200382003899963100188001020800002016000020038200381180021109101080000100050200021603220035080000102003920039200392003920039
8002420038150000039258001010800001080000506400001020019200382003899963100188001020800002016000020038200381180021109101080000100050200041604320035080000102003920039200392003920039
8002420038150000039258001010800001080000506400001020019200382003899963100188001020800002016000020038200381180021109101080000100050200031604220035080000102003920039200392003920039
80024200381500000392580010108000010800005064000010200192003820038999631001880010208000020160000200382003811800211091010800001003650200031604420035080000102003920039200392003920039
8002420038149000039258001010800001080000506400001020019200392004799963100188001020800002016000020038200381180021109101080000100050200041622420035080000102003920039200392003920039
8002420038150000039258001010800001080000506400001020019200382003899963100188001020800002016000020038200381180021109101080000100050200021604420035080000102003920039200392003920039
8002420038150000039258001010800001080000506400001020019200382003899963100188001020800002016000020038200381180021109101080000100050200041604420035080000102003920039200392003920039
80024200381490000392580010108000010800005064000010200192003820038999631001880010208000020160000200382003811800211091010800001007250200021602220035080000102003920039200392003920039
80024200381500000609258001010800001080000506400001020019200382003899963100188001020800002016000020038200381180021109101080000101050200021602320035080000102003920039200392003920039
800242003815000003925800101080000108000050640000102001920038200389996310018800102080000201600002003820038118002110910108000010010550200031602320035080000102003920039200392003920039