Apple M1 Microarchitecture Research by Dougall Johnson

Firestorm: Overview | Base Instructions | SIMD and FP Instructions
Icestorm:  Overview | Base Instructions | SIMD and FP Instructions

SUB (vector, 8H)

Test 1: uops

Code:

  sub v0.8h, v0.8h, v1.8h
  movi v0.16b, 1
  movi v1.16b, 2

(no loop instructions)

1000 unrolls and 1 iteration

Retires: 1.000

Issues: 1.000

Integer unit issues: 0.000

Load/store unit issues: 0.000

SIMD/FP unit issues: 1.000

retire (01)cycle (02)031e3f4e51inst issue (52)~issue fp/simd (54)~dispatch fp/simd (57)huge thing fp/simd (5b)60696d6edispatch stall (70)scheduler rewind (75)scheduler stall (76)~dispatch op (78)~map op fp/simd (7e)~map lookup fp/simd (81)8283pipeline redirect (84)85inst all (8c)inst neon or fp (9a)a1a6a8cfd5d6ddinst fetch restart (de)e0? fp/simd (ee)f5f6f7f8fd
1004203716061168725100010001000264680120182037203715723189510001000200020372037111001100000073316221787100020382038203820382038
1004203715061168725100010001000264680020182037203715723189510001000200020372037111001100000073216221787100020382038203820382038
1004203715061168725100010001000264680020182037203715723189510001000200020372037111001100000073216221787100020382038203820382038
1004203715061168725100010001000264680120182037203715723189510001000200020372037111001100000073216221787100020382038203820382038
1004203715061168725100010001000264680020182037203715723189510001000200020372037111001100000073216221787100020382038203820382038
1004203715061168725100010001000264680020182037203715723189510001000200020372037111001100000073216221787100020382038203820382038
1004203715061168725100010001000264680120182037203715723189510001000200020372037111001100000073216221787100020382038203820382038
10042037150124168725100010001000264680020182037203715723189510001000200020372037111001100000073216221787100020382038203820382038
1004203715061167625100010001000264680120182037203715723189510001000200020372037111001100000073216221787100020382038203820382038
1004203715082168725100010001000264680020182037203715723189510001000200020372037111001100000073216221787100020862038203820382038

Test 2: Latency 1->2

Code:

  sub v0.8h, v0.8h, v1.8h
  movi v0.16b, 1
  movi v1.16b, 2

(fused SUBS/B.cc loop)

100 unrolls and 100 iterations

Result (median cycles for code): 2.0037

retire (01)cycle (02)031e3f4e51inst issue (52)~issue int (53)~issue fp/simd (54)~dispatch int (56)~dispatch fp/simd (57)huge thing int (59)huge thing fp/simd (5b)60696d6edispatch stall (70)scheduler rewind (75)scheduler stall (76)~dispatch op (78)~map op int (7c)~map op fp/simd (7e)~map lookup int (7f)~map lookup fp/simd (81)8283pipeline redirect (84)85inst all (8c)inst branch (8d)inst branch taken (90)inst b.cc (94)inst integer (97)inst neon or fp (9a)9fa8accfd5d6ddinst fetch restart (de)e0? fp/simd (ee)gpr retires (ef)f5f6f7f8fd
102042003715006119687251010010010000100100005002847680020018200372003718422318745101002001000020020000200372018111102011009910010010000100007104161119791100001002003820038200382003820038
1020420037150091619687251010010010000100100005002847680020018200372003718422318745101002001000020020000200372003711102011009910010010000100007101161119791100001002003820038200382003820038
102042003715096119687251010010010000100100005002847680120018200372003718422318745101002001000020020000200372003711102011009910010010000100007101161119791100001002003820038200382003820038
102042003715006119687251010010010000100100005002847680020018200372003718422318745101002001000020020000200372003711102011009910010010000100007101161119791100001002003820038200382003820038
102042003715006119687251010010010000100100005002847680020018200372003718422318745101002001000020020000200372003711102011009910010010000100007101161119791100001002003820038200382003820038
102042003715006119687251010010010000100100005002847680120018200372003718433318745101002001000020020000200372003711102011009910010010000100007101161119791100001002003820038200382003820038
102042003715006119687251010010010000100100005002847680120018200372003718422318745101002001000020020000200372003711102011009910010010000100007101161119791100001002003820038200382003820038
102042003715006119687251010010710000100100005002847680020018200372003718422318745101002001000020020000200372003711102011009910010010000100007101161119791100001002003820038200382003820038
1020420037150015619687251010010010000100100005002847680020018200372003718422318745101002001000020020000200372003711102011009910010010000100007101161119791100001002003820038200382003820038
102042003715006119687251010010010000100100005002847680020018200372003718422318745101002001000020020000200372003711102011009910010010000100007101161119791100001002003820038200382003820038

1000 unrolls and 10 iterations

Result (median cycles for code): 2.0037

retire (01)cycle (02)030b181e3f4e51inst issue (52)~issue int (53)~issue fp/simd (54)~dispatch int (56)~dispatch fp/simd (57)huge thing int (59)huge thing fp/simd (5b)60696d6edispatch stall (70)scheduler rewind (75)scheduler stall (76)~dispatch op (78)~map op int (7c)~map op fp/simd (7e)~map lookup int (7f)~map lookup fp/simd (81)8283pipeline redirect (84)85inst all (8c)inst branch (8d)inst branch taken (90)inst b.cc (94)inst integer (97)inst neon or fp (9a)9fa8accfd5d6ddinst fetch restart (de)e0? fp/simd (ee)gpr retires (ef)f5f6f7f8fd
10024200371500012124196872510010101000010100005028476800200182003720037184443187671001020100002020000200372003711100211091010100001000640316331978510000102003820038200382003820038
100242003715002061196872510010101000010100005028476800200182003720037184443187671001020100002020000200372003721100211091010100001012010640316341978510000102003820038200382003820038
100242003715000061196874310010101000010100005028476800200182003720084184447187671031820100002020000200372008521100211091010100001000640316331978510000102003820038200382003820038
10024200371500020761196872510010101000010100005028476800200182003720037184443187671001020100002020000200372003711100211091010100001000640316331978510000102003820038200382003820038
100242003715000061196872510010101000010100005028476800200182003720037184443187671001020100002020000200372003711100211091010100001000640516331978510000102003820038200382003820038
1002420037150001561196872510010101000010100005028476800200182003720037184443187671001020100002020000200372003711100211091010100001000640316331978510000102003820038200382003820038
10024200371500033103196872510010101000010100005028476800200182003720037184443187671001020100002020000200372003711100211091010100001000640316331978510000102013220038200382003820038
1002420085150001861196872510010101000010100005028476800200182003720037184493187671016320100002020000200372003711100211091010100001007728640316331978510000102003820038200382003820038
100242003715000061196872510010101000010100005028476800200182003720037184443187671001020100002020000200372003711100211091010100001000640316331978510000102003820038200382003820038
1002420037150001561196872510010101000010100005028476800200182003720037184443187671001020100002020000200372003711100211091010100001000640316331978510000102003820038200382003820038

Test 3: Latency 1->3

Code:

  sub v0.8h, v1.8h, v0.8h
  movi v0.16b, 1
  movi v1.16b, 2

(fused SUBS/B.cc loop)

100 unrolls and 100 iterations

Result (median cycles for code): 2.0037

retire (01)cycle (02)03191e3f4e51inst issue (52)~issue int (53)~issue fp/simd (54)~dispatch int (56)~dispatch fp/simd (57)huge thing int (59)huge thing fp/simd (5b)60696d6edispatch stall (70)scheduler rewind (75)scheduler stall (76)~dispatch op (78)~map op int (7c)~map op fp/simd (7e)~map lookup int (7f)~map lookup fp/simd (81)8283pipeline redirect (84)85inst all (8c)inst branch (8d)inst branch taken (90)inst b.cc (94)inst integer (97)inst neon or fp (9a)9fa0a8acc5cfd5d6ddinst fetch restart (de)e0? fp/simd (ee)gpr retires (ef)f5f6f7f8fd
1020420037150036611968725101001001000010010000500284768002001820037200371842231874510100200100002002000020037200371110201100991001001000010001007101161119791100001002003820038200382003820038
102042003715000611968725101001001000010010000500284768002001820037200371842231874510100200100002002000020037200371110201100991001001000010000007101161119791100001002003820038200382003820038
102042003715000611968725101001001000010010000500284768002001820037200371842231874510100200104952002000020037200371110201100991001001000010000007101161119791100001002003820038200382003820038
1020420037150005361968725101001001000010010000500284768002001820037200371842231874510100200100002002000020037200371110201100991001001000010000017101161119791100001002003820038200382003820038
102042003715000611968725101001001000010010000500284768002001820037200371842231874510100200100002002000020037200371110201100991001001000010000007101161119791100001002003820038200382003820038
102042003715000611968725101001001000010010000500284768002001820037200371842231874510100200100002002000020037200371110201100991001001000010000007101161119791100001002003820038200382003820038
102042003715000611968725101001001000010010000500284768002001820037200371842231874510100200100002002000020037200371110201100991001001000010000007101161119858100001002003820038200382003820038
102042003715000611968725101001001000010010000500284768002012620037200371842231874510100200100002002000020037200371110201100991001001000010000007101161119791100001002003820038200382003820038
102042003715000611968725101001001000010010000500284768002001820037200371842231874510100200100002002000020037200371110201100991001001000010000007101161119791100001002003820038200382003820038
102042003715000611968725101001001000010010000500284768002001820037200371842231874510100200100002002000020037200371110201100991001001000010000007101161119791100001002003820038200382003820038

1000 unrolls and 10 iterations

Result (median cycles for code): 2.0037

retire (01)cycle (02)030708090a0b18191e1f3a3f4e51inst issue (52)~issue int (53)~issue fp/simd (54)~dispatch int (56)~dispatch fp/simd (57)huge thing int (59)huge thing fp/simd (5b)696d6edispatch stall (70)scheduler rewind (75)scheduler stall (76)~dispatch op (78)~map op int (7c)~map op fp/simd (7e)~map lookup int (7f)~map lookup fp/simd (81)8283pipeline redirect (84)85inst all (8c)inst branch (8d)inst branch taken (90)inst b.cc (94)inst integer (97)inst neon or fp (9a)9fa0a1a6a7a8a9acc2branch mispredict (cb)cfd5d6ddinst fetch restart (de)e0? int output thing (e9)? fp/simd (ee)gpr retires (ef)f5f6f7f8fd
10024200371500000000300611968725100101010000101000050284768020018200372003718444318767100102010000202000020037200371110021109101010000100000000006402162219785010000102003820038200382003820038
10024200371500000000000611968725100101010000101000050284768020018200372003718444318767100102010000202000020037200371110021109101010000100000000006402162219785010000102003820038200382003820038
10024200371500000000000611968725100101010000101000050284768020018200372003718444318767100102010000202000020037200371110021109101010000100000000006402162219785010000102003820038200382003820038
10024200371500000000000611968725100101010000101000050284768020018200372003718444318767100102010000202000020037200371110021109101010000100000000006402162219785010000102003820038200382003820038
10024200371500000000000611968725100101010000101000050284768020018200372003718444318767100102010000202000020037200371110021109101010000100000000006402162219785010000102003820038200382003820038
10024200371500000000000611968725100101010000101000050284768020018200372003718444318767100102010000202000020037200371110021109101010000100000000006402162219785010000102003820038200382003820038
10024200371500000000000611968725100101010000101000050284768020018200372003718444318767100102010000202000020037200371110021109101010000100000000006402162219785010000102003820038200382003820038
10024200371500000000000611968725100101010000101000050284768020018200372003718444318767100102010000202000020037200371110021109101010000100000000006402162219785010000102003820038200382003820038
10024200371500000000000611968725100101010000101000050284768020018200372003718444318767100102010000202000020037200371110021109101010000100000000006402162219785010000102003820038200382003820038
10024200371500000000000611968725100101010000101000050284768020018200372003718444318767100102010837222165220274203216110021109101010000100020109970007454418419966410000102027320322202752027620322

Test 4: throughput

Count: 8

Code:

  sub v0.8h, v8.8h, v9.8h
  sub v1.8h, v8.8h, v9.8h
  sub v2.8h, v8.8h, v9.8h
  sub v3.8h, v8.8h, v9.8h
  sub v4.8h, v8.8h, v9.8h
  sub v5.8h, v8.8h, v9.8h
  sub v6.8h, v8.8h, v9.8h
  sub v7.8h, v8.8h, v9.8h
  movi v8.16b, 9
  movi v9.16b, 10

(fused SUBS/B.cc loop)

100 unrolls and 100 iterations

Result (median cycles for code divided by count): 0.2505

retire (01)cycle (02)03080b18191e3f51inst issue (52)~issue int (53)~issue fp/simd (54)~dispatch int (56)~dispatch fp/simd (57)huge thing int (59)huge thing fp/simd (5b)60696d6edispatch stall (70)scheduler rewind (75)scheduler stall (76)~dispatch op (78)~map op int (7c)~map op fp/simd (7e)~map lookup int (7f)~map lookup fp/simd (81)8283pipeline redirect (84)85inst all (8c)inst branch (8d)inst branch taken (90)inst b.cc (94)inst integer (97)inst neon or fp (9a)9fa6a8a9acc2cfd5d6ddinst fetch restart (de)e0? int output thing (e9)? fp/simd (ee)gpr retires (ef)f5f6f7f8fd
80204200601500000040258010010080000100800005006400000200192003820038997339996801002008000020016000020038200381180201100991001008000010000000511041611200350800001002003920039200392003920039
80204200381500000040258010010080000100800005006400000200192003820038997339996801002008000020016000020038200381180201100991001008000010000000511011611200350800001002003920039200392003920039
80204200381500000040258010010080000100800005006400000200192003820038997339996801002008000020016000020038200381180201100991001008000010000000511011611200350800001002003920039200392003920039
80204200381500000040258010010080000100800005006400000200192003820038997339996801002008000020016000020038200381180201100991001008000010000000511011611200350800001002003920039200392003920039
80204200381550000040258030110080000100800005006400001200192003820038997339996801002008000020016000020038200381180201100991001008000010001000511011611200840800001002003920039200392003920039
80204200381500000040258010010080000100800005006400000200192003820038997339996801002008000020016000020038200381180201100991001008000010001000511011611200350800001002003920039200392003920039
80204200381500000040258010010080000100800005006400000200192003820038997339996801002008000020016000020038200381180201100991001008000010001000511011611200350800001002003920039200392003920039
80204200381500000040258010010080000100800005006400000200192003820038997339996801002008000020016000020038200381180201100991001008000010000000511011611200350800001002003920039200392003920039
80204200381500000040258010010080000100800005006400000200192003820038997339996801002008000020016000020038200381180201100991001008000010000000511011611200350800001002003920039200392003920039
8020420038150000007051148010010080000100800005006400000200192003820038997339996801002008000020016000020038200381180201100991001008000010007000511011611200350800001002003920039200392003920039

1000 unrolls and 10 iterations

Result (median cycles for code divided by count): 0.2505

retire (01)cycle (02)033a3f51inst issue (52)~issue int (53)~issue fp/simd (54)~dispatch int (56)~dispatch fp/simd (57)huge thing int (59)huge thing fp/simd (5b)60696d6edispatch stall (70)scheduler rewind (75)scheduler stall (76)~dispatch op (78)~map op int (7c)~map op fp/simd (7e)~map lookup int (7f)~map lookup fp/simd (81)8283pipeline redirect (84)85inst all (8c)inst branch (8d)inst branch taken (90)inst b.cc (94)inst integer (97)inst neon or fp (9a)9fa8accfd5d6ddinst fetch restart (de)e0? fp/simd (ee)gpr retires (ef)f5f6f7f8fd
80024200481500392580010108000010800005064000002001920038200389996310018800102080000201600002003820038118002110910108000010005020116112003580000102003920039200392003920039
80024200381500442580010108000010800005064000002001920038200389996310018800102080000201600002003820038118002110910108000010221595020116112003580000102003920039200392003920039
80024200381500392580010108000010800005064000002001920038200389996310018800102080000201600002003820038118002110910108000010035020116112003580000102003920039200392003920039
800242003815003925800101080185108000050640000020019200382003899963100188001020800002016000020038200381180021109101080000100155020116112003580000102003920039200392003920039
80024200381500392580010108000010800005064000002001920038200389996310018800102080000201600002003820038118002110910108000010005020216112003580000102003920039200392003920039
8002420038150039258001010800001080000506400001200192003820038999631001880010208000020160000200382003811800211091010800001011055020116112003580000102003920039200392003920039
80024200381500392580010108000010800005064000002001920038200389996310018800102080000201600002003820038118002110910108000010005020116112003580000102003920039200392003920039
80024200381500392580010108000010800005064000002001920038200389996310018800102080000201600002003820038118002110910108000010835020116112003580000102003920039200392003920039
800242003815003925800101180000108000050640000020019200382003899963100188001020800002016000020038200381180021109101080000100185020116112003580000102003920039200392003920039
800242003815003925800101080000108000050640000020019200382003899963100188001020800002016000020038200381180021109101080000101155020116112003580000102003920039200392003920039