Apple M1 Microarchitecture Research by Dougall Johnson

Firestorm: Overview | Base Instructions | SIMD and FP Instructions
Icestorm:  Overview | Base Instructions | SIMD and FP Instructions

UABD (vector, 16B)

Test 1: uops

Code:

  uabd v0.16b, v0.16b, v1.16b
  movi v0.16b, 1
  movi v1.16b, 2

(no loop instructions)

1000 unrolls and 1 iteration

Retires: 1.000

Issues: 1.000

Integer unit issues: 0.000

Load/store unit issues: 0.000

SIMD/FP unit issues: 1.000

retire (01)cycle (02)031e3f4e51inst issue (52)~issue fp/simd (54)~dispatch fp/simd (57)huge thing fp/simd (5b)696d6edispatch stall (70)scheduler rewind (75)scheduler stall (76)~dispatch op (78)~map op fp/simd (7e)~map lookup fp/simd (81)8283pipeline redirect (84)85inst all (8c)inst neon or fp (9a)a0a1a8cfd5d6ddinst fetch restart (de)e0? fp/simd (ee)f5f6f7f8fd
1004303723186125482510001000100039831330183037303724153289510001000200030373037111001100000073116112630100030383038303830383038
100430372206125482510001000100039831330183037303724153289510001000200030373037111001100000073116112630100030383038303830383038
100430372266125482510001000100039831330183037303724153289510001000200030373037111001100000073116112630100030383038303830383038
100430372236125482510001000100039831330183037303724153289510001000200030373037111001100000073116112630100030383038303830383038
100430372306125482510001000100039831330183037303724153289510001000200030373037111001100000073116112630100030383038303830383038
100430372336125482510001000100039831330183037303724153289510001000200030373037111001100000073116112630100030383038303830383038
100430372306125482510001000100039831330183037303724153289510001000200030373037111001100000073116112630100030383038303830383038
100430372306125482510001000100039831330183037303724153289510001000200030373085111001100000073116112630100030383038303830383038
10043037231536125482510001000100039831330183037303724153289510001000200030373037211001100000073116112630100030383038303830383038
10043037231506125482510001000100039831330183037303724153289510001000200030373037111001100000073116112630100030383038303830383038

Test 2: Latency 1->2

Code:

  uabd v0.16b, v0.16b, v1.16b
  movi v0.16b, 1
  movi v1.16b, 2

(fused SUBS/B.cc loop)

100 unrolls and 100 iterations

Result (median cycles for code): 3.0037

retire (01)cycle (02)03080b1e3f4e51inst issue (52)~issue int (53)~issue fp/simd (54)~dispatch int (56)~dispatch fp/simd (57)huge thing int (59)huge thing fp/simd (5b)60696d6edispatch stall (70)scheduler rewind (75)scheduler stall (76)~dispatch op (78)~map op int (7c)~map op fp/simd (7e)~map lookup int (7f)~map lookup fp/simd (81)8283pipeline redirect (84)85inst all (8c)inst branch (8d)inst branch taken (90)inst b.cc (94)inst integer (97)inst neon or fp (9a)9fa6a8accfd5d6ddinst fetch restart (de)e0? int output thing (e9)? fp/simd (ee)gpr retires (ef)f5f6f7f8fd
10204300372250002352954825101001001000010010000500427731303001830037300372826532874510100200100002002000030037300371110201100991001001000010000071011611296340100001003003830038300383003830038
1020430037225000612954825101001001000010010000500427731303001830037300372826532874510100200100002002000030037300371110201100991001001000010000071011611296340100001003003830038300383003830038
1020430037225000842954825101001001000010010000500427731313001830037300372826532874510100200100002002000030037300371110201100991001001000010000071011611296340100001003003830087300863008630038
10204300372250001932954825101001001000010010000500427731313001830037300372826532874510100200100002002000030037300371110201100991001001000010000071011611296340100001003003830038300383003830038
1020430037225000612954825101001001000010010000500427731303001830037300372826532874510100200100002002000030037300371110201100991001001000010000071011611296340100001003003830038300383003830038
1020430037225000612954825101001001000010010000500427731313001830037300372826532874510100200100002002000030037300371110201100991001001000010000071011611296340100001003003830038300383003830038
102043003722510122142954825101001001000010010000500427731313001830037300372826532874510100200100002002000030037300372110201100991001001000010000373511611296340100001003003830038300383003830038
1020430037224000612954825101001001000010010000500427731303001830037300372826532874510100200100002002000030037300371110201100991001001000010000071011611296340100001003003830038300383003830038
1020430037224000612954825101001001000010010000500427731303001830037300372826532874510100200100002002000030037300371110201100991001001000010000071011611296340100001003003830038300383003830038
10204300372250002512954825101001001000010010000500427731303001830037300372826532874510100200100002002000030037300371110201100991001001000010000071011611296340100001003003830038300383003830038

1000 unrolls and 10 iterations

Result (median cycles for code): 3.0037

retire (01)cycle (02)031e3f4e51inst issue (52)~issue int (53)~issue fp/simd (54)~dispatch int (56)~dispatch fp/simd (57)huge thing int (59)huge thing fp/simd (5b)60696d6edispatch stall (70)scheduler rewind (75)scheduler stall (76)~dispatch op (78)~map op int (7c)~map op fp/simd (7e)~map lookup int (7f)~map lookup fp/simd (81)8283pipeline redirect (84)85inst all (8c)inst branch (8d)inst branch taken (90)inst b.cc (94)inst integer (97)inst neon or fp (9a)9fcfd5d6ddinst fetch restart (de)e0? fp/simd (ee)gpr retires (ef)f5f6f7f8fd
100243003722501662954825100101010000101000050427731303001830037300372828732876710010201000020200003003730037111002110910101000010640316222963010000103003830038300383003830038
100243003722505122954825100101010000101000050427731313001830037300372828732876710010201000020200003003730037111002110910101000010640216222963010000103003830038300383003830038
10024300372250612954825100101010000101000050427731313001830037300372828732876710010201000020200003003730037111002110910101000010640216222963010000103003830038300383003830038
10024300372240612954825100101010000101000050427731313001830037300372828732876710010201000020200003003730037111002110910101000010640216222963010000103003830085300383003830038
10024300372250612954825100101010000101000050427731303001830037300372828732876710010201000020200003003730037111002110910101000010640216222963010000103003830038300383003830038
10024300372250612954825100101010000101000050427731303001830037300372828732876710010201000020200003008430037111002110910101000010640216222963010000103003830038300383003830038
10024300372250612954825100101010000101000050427731303001830037300372828732876710010201000020200003003730037111002110910101000010640216222963010000103003830038300383003830038
10024300372240612954825100101010000101000050427731303001830037300372828732876710010201000020200003003730037111002110910101000010640216222963010000103003830038300383003830038
10024300372250612954825100101010000101000050427731313001830037300372828732876710010201000020200003003730037111002110910101000010640216222963010000103003830038300383003830038
10024300372250612954825100101010000101000050427731303001830037300372828732876710010201000020200003003730037111002110910101000010640216222963010000103003830038300383003830038

Test 3: Latency 1->3

Code:

  uabd v0.16b, v1.16b, v0.16b
  movi v0.16b, 1
  movi v1.16b, 2

(fused SUBS/B.cc loop)

100 unrolls and 100 iterations

Result (median cycles for code): 3.0037

retire (01)cycle (02)0308090b18191e1f3f4e51inst issue (52)~issue int (53)~issue fp/simd (54)~dispatch int (56)~dispatch fp/simd (57)huge thing int (59)huge thing fp/simd (5b)60696d6edispatch stall (70)scheduler rewind (75)scheduler stall (76)~dispatch op (78)~map op int (7c)~map op fp/simd (7e)~map lookup int (7f)~map lookup fp/simd (81)8283pipeline redirect (84)85inst all (8c)inst branch (8d)inst branch taken (90)inst b.cc (94)inst integer (97)inst neon or fp (9a)9fa8a9c5cfd5d6ddinst fetch restart (de)e0? fp/simd (ee)gpr retires (ef)f5f6f7f8fd
102043003722500000300128295482510100100100001001000050042773130300183003730037282653287451010020010000200200003003730037111020110099100100100001000007101161129634100001003003830038300383003830038
1020430037225000000061295482510100100100001001000050042773130300183003730037282653287451010020010000200200003003730037111020110099100100100001000007101161129634100001003003830038300383003830038
1020430037225000000061295482510100100100001001000050042773130300183003730037282653287451010020010000200200003003730037111020110099100100100001000007101161129634100001003003830038300383003830038
1020430037225100000061295482510100100100001001000050042773131300183003730037282653287451010020010000200200003003730037111020110099100100100001000007101161129634100001003003830038300383003830038
1020430037225000000061295482510100100100001001000050042773131300183003730037282653287451010020010000200200003003730037111020110099100100100001000007101161129634100001003003830038300383003830038
1020430037225000000061295482510100100100001001000050042773131300183003730037282653287451010020010000200200003003730037111020110099100100100001000007101161129634100001003003830038300383003830038
1020430037225000000061295482510100100100001001000050042773130300183003730037282653287451010020010000200200003003730037111020110099100100100001000007101161129634100001003003830038300383003830038
1020430037225000000061295482510100100100001001000050042773130300183003730037282653287451010020010000200200003003730037111020110099100100100001000007101161129634100001003003830038300383003830038
1020430037225000000094295482510100100100001001000050042773131300183003730037282653287451010020010000200200003003730037111020110099100100100001000007101161129634100001003003830038300383003830038
1020430037225000000061295482510100100100001001000050042773131300183003730037282653287451010020010000200200003003730037111020110099100100100001000007101161129634100001003003830038300383003830038

1000 unrolls and 10 iterations

Result (median cycles for code): 3.0037

retire (01)cycle (02)03181e3f4e51inst issue (52)~issue int (53)~issue fp/simd (54)~dispatch int (56)~dispatch fp/simd (57)huge thing int (59)huge thing fp/simd (5b)60696d6edispatch stall (70)scheduler rewind (75)scheduler stall (76)~dispatch op (78)~map op int (7c)~map op fp/simd (7e)~map lookup int (7f)~map lookup fp/simd (81)8283pipeline redirect (84)85inst all (8c)inst branch (8d)inst branch taken (90)inst b.cc (94)inst integer (97)inst neon or fp (9a)9fa0a6a8a9acc5cfd5d6ddinst fetch restart (de)e0? int output thing (e9)? fp/simd (ee)gpr retires (ef)f5f6f7f8fd
10024300372250061295392510010101000010100005042773130300183003730037282873287671001020100002020000300373003711100211091010100001003150006812243229630010000103003830038300383003830038
1002430037225006129548251001010100001010000504277313030054300373003728292328806100102010000202000030037300371110021109101010000100000006402162229630010000103003830038300383003830038
1002430037225006129548251001010100001010000504277313030018300373003728287328767100102010000202000030037300371110021109101010000100000006402162229630010000103003830038300383003830038
10024300372250010329548251001010100001010000504277313130018300373003728287328767100102010000202000030037300371110021109101010000100020006402162229630010000103003830038300383003830038
1002430037224006129548251001010100001010000504277313030018300373003728287328767100102010000202000030037300371110021109101010000102010006402402229630010000103003830038300383003830038
1002430037225006129548251001010100001010000504277313030018300373003728287328767100102010486202000030037300371110021109101010000100000006402162229630010000103003830038300383003830038
100243003722500599029548251001010100001010000504277313130018300373003728287328767100102010000202000030037300371110021109101010000100000006402162229630010000103003830038300383003830038
10024300372250010329548251001010100001010000504277313030018300373003728287328767100102010000202000030037300371110021109101010000100000006402162229630010000103003830038300383003830038
100243003722501218929548251001010100001010000504277313030018300373003728287328767100102010000202000030037300371110021109101010000100000306402162229630010000103003830038300383003830038
1002430037225006129548251001010100001010000504277313130018300373003728287328767100102010000202000030037300371110021109101010000100000006402162229630010000103003830038300383003830038

Test 4: throughput

Count: 8

Code:

  uabd v0.16b, v8.16b, v9.16b
  uabd v1.16b, v8.16b, v9.16b
  uabd v2.16b, v8.16b, v9.16b
  uabd v3.16b, v8.16b, v9.16b
  uabd v4.16b, v8.16b, v9.16b
  uabd v5.16b, v8.16b, v9.16b
  uabd v6.16b, v8.16b, v9.16b
  uabd v7.16b, v8.16b, v9.16b
  movi v8.16b, 9
  movi v9.16b, 10

(fused SUBS/B.cc loop)

100 unrolls and 100 iterations

Result (median cycles for code divided by count): 0.2505

retire (01)cycle (02)0308191e3f51inst issue (52)~issue int (53)~issue fp/simd (54)~dispatch int (56)~dispatch fp/simd (57)huge thing int (59)huge thing fp/simd (5b)60696d6edispatch stall (70)scheduler rewind (75)scheduler stall (76)~dispatch op (78)~map op int (7c)~map op fp/simd (7e)~map lookup int (7f)~map lookup fp/simd (81)8283pipeline redirect (84)85inst all (8c)inst branch (8d)inst branch taken (90)inst b.cc (94)inst integer (97)inst neon or fp (9a)9fa8accfd5d6ddinst fetch restart (de)e0? int output thing (e9)? fp/simd (ee)gpr retires (ef)f5f6f7f8fd
8020420058150003941258010010080000100800005006400000200202003920039997339997801002008000020016000020039200391180201100991001008000010000511041611200360800001002004020040200402004020040
802042003915000041258010010080000100800005006400000200202003920039997339997801002008000020016000020039200391180201100991001008000010000511011611200360800001002013720040200402004020040
802042003915000041258010010080000100800005006400000200202003920039997339997801002008000020016000020039200391180201100991001008000010000511011611200360800001002004020040200402004020040
802042003915000041258010010080000100800005006400000200202003920039997339997801002008000020016000020039200391180201100991001008000010000511011611200360800001002004020040200402004020040
802042003915000041258010010080000100800005006400000200202003920039997339997801002008000020016000020039200391180201100991001008000010000511011611200360800001002004020040200402004020040
802042003915000041258010010080000100800005006400000200202003920039997339997801002008000020016000020039200391180201100991001008000010000511011611200360800001002004020040200402004020040
802042003915000041258010010080000100800005006400000200202003920039997339997801002008000020016000020039200391180201100991001008000010000511011611200360800001002004020040200402004020040
8020420039150003341258010010080000100800005006400000200202003920039997339997801002008000020016000020039200391180201100991001008000010000511011611200360800001002004020040200402004020040
802042003915000041258010010080000100800005006400000200202003920039997339997801002008000020016000020039200391180201100991001008000010000511011611200360800001002004020040200402004020040
802042003915000041258010010080000100800005006400000200202003920039997339997801002008000020016000020039200391180201100991001008000010000511011611200360800001002004020040200402004020040

1000 unrolls and 10 iterations

Result (median cycles for code divided by count): 0.2505

retire (01)cycle (02)030809181e3f51inst issue (52)~issue int (53)~issue fp/simd (54)~dispatch int (56)~dispatch fp/simd (57)huge thing int (59)huge thing fp/simd (5b)5f60696d6edispatch stall (70)scheduler rewind (75)scheduler stall (76)~dispatch op (78)~map op int (7c)~map op fp/simd (7e)~map lookup int (7f)~map lookup fp/simd (81)8283pipeline redirect (84)85inst all (8c)inst branch (8d)inst branch taken (90)inst b.cc (94)inst integer (97)inst neon or fp (9a)9fa8acc5cfd0d2icache miss (d3)d5d6d9dadbddinst fetch restart (de)e0eaeb? fp/simd (ee)gpr retires (ef)f5f6f7f8fd
8002420048150000544025800101080000108000050640000002002020039200399996310019800102080000201600002003920039118002110910108000010000502000041600044200360080000102004020040200402004020040
800242003915000004025800101080000108000050640000002002020039200399996310019800102080000201600002003920039118002110910108000010000502000041600047200360080000102004020040200402004020040
8002420039150000032525800101080000108000050640000002002020039200399996310019800102080107201600002003920039118002110910108000010000502000041600043200360080000102004020040200402004020040
80024200391501008974025800101080000108000050640000002002020039200399996310019800102080000201600002003920039118002110910108000010000502000041600043200360080000102004020040200402004020040
800242003915000004025800101080000108000050640000012002020039200399996310019800102080000201600002003920039118002110910108000010000502000061600054200360080000102004020040200402004020040
800242003915000004025800101080000108000050640000002002020039200399996310019800102080000201600002003920039118002110910108000010000502000061600043200360080000102004020040200402004020040
800242003915000004025800101080000108000050640000002002020039200399996310019800102080000201600002003920039118002110910108000010000502000041600076200360080000102004020040200402004020040
800242003915000004025800101080000108000050640000002002020039200399996310019800102080000201600002003920039118002110910108000010000502000041600044200360080000102004020040200402004020040
800242003915000004025800101080000108000050640000002002020039200399996310019800102080000201600002003920039118002110910108000010000502000031600036200360080000102004020040200402004020040
8002420039150000574025800101080000108000050640000002002020039200399996310019800102080000201600002003920039118002110910108000010000502000041600043200360080000102004020040200402004020040