Apple M1 Microarchitecture Research by Dougall Johnson

Firestorm: Overview | Base Instructions | SIMD and FP Instructions
Icestorm:  Overview | Base Instructions | SIMD and FP Instructions

UMAX (vector, 16B)

Test 1: uops

Code:

  umax v0.16b, v0.16b, v1.16b
  movi v0.16b, 1
  movi v1.16b, 2

(no loop instructions)

1000 unrolls and 1 iteration

Retires: 1.000

Issues: 1.000

Integer unit issues: 0.000

Load/store unit issues: 0.000

SIMD/FP unit issues: 1.000

retire (01)cycle (02)030a1e3f4e51inst issue (52)~issue fp/simd (54)~dispatch fp/simd (57)huge thing fp/simd (5b)60696d6edispatch stall (70)scheduler rewind (75)scheduler stall (76)~dispatch op (78)~map op fp/simd (7e)~map lookup fp/simd (81)8283pipeline redirect (84)85inst all (8c)inst neon or fp (9a)a0a8accfd5d6ddinst fetch restart (de)e0? fp/simd (ee)f5f6f7f8fd
10042037160082168725100010001000264680120182037203715723189510001000200020372037111001100001073116111787100020382038203820382038
10042037150061168725100010001000264680120182037203715723189510001000200020372037111001100000073316111787100020382038203820382038
10042037150061168725100010001000264680120182037203715723189510001000200020372037111001100000073116111787100020382038203820382038
10042037150061168725100010001000264680120182037203715723189510001000200020372037111001100000073116111787100020382038203820382038
10042037150061168725100010001000264680120182037203715723189510001000200020372037111001100000073116111787100020382038203820382038
10042037150661168725100010001000264680120182037203715723189510001000200020372037111001100000073116111787100020382038203820382038
10042037150061168725100010001000264680120182037203715723189510001000200020372037111001100000073116111787100020382038203820382038
10042037150061168725100010001000264680120182037203715723189510001000200020372037111001100000073116111787100020382038203820382038
10042037151061168725100010001000264680120182037203715723189510001000200020372037111001100000073116111787100020382038203820382038
10042037150061168725100010001000264680120182037203715723189510001000200020372037111001100000073116111787100020382038203820382038

Test 2: Latency 1->2

Code:

  umax v0.16b, v0.16b, v1.16b
  movi v0.16b, 1
  movi v1.16b, 2

(fused SUBS/B.cc loop)

100 unrolls and 100 iterations

Result (median cycles for code): 2.0037

retire (01)cycle (02)030b1e3f4e51inst issue (52)~issue int (53)~issue fp/simd (54)~dispatch int (56)~dispatch fp/simd (57)huge thing int (59)huge thing fp/simd (5b)696d6edispatch stall (70)scheduler rewind (75)scheduler stall (76)~dispatch op (78)~map op int (7c)~map op fp/simd (7e)~map lookup int (7f)~map lookup fp/simd (81)8283pipeline redirect (84)85inst all (8c)inst branch (8d)inst branch taken (90)inst b.cc (94)inst integer (97)inst neon or fp (9a)9fa8accdcfd5d6ddinst fetch restart (de)e0? int output thing (e9)? fp/simd (ee)gpr retires (ef)f5f6f7f8fd
10204200371500061196872510100100100001001000050028476802001820037200371842231874510100200100002002000020037200371110201100991001001000010000071011611197910100001002003820038200382003820038
10204200371500661196872510100100100001001000050028476802001820037200371842231874510100200100002002000020037200371110201100991001001000010000071011611197910100001002003820038200382003820038
10204200371500061196872510100100100001001000050028476802001820037200371842231874510100200100002002000020037200371110201100991001001000010000071011611197910100001002003820038200382003820038
10204200371500061196872510100100100001001000050028476802001820037200371842231874510100200100002002000020037200371110201100991001001000010000071011611197910100001002003820038200382003820038
10204200371500061196872510100100100001001000050028476802001820037200371842231874510100200100002002000020037200371110201100991001001000010003071011611197910100001002003820038200382003820038
10204200371500961196872510100100100001001000050028476802001820037200371842231874510100200100002002000020037200371110201100991001001000010000071011611197910100001002003820038200382003820038
102042003715003061196872510100100100001001000050028476802001820037200371842231874510100200100002002000020037200371110201100991001001000010000071011611197910100001002003820038200382003820038
10204200371500061196872510100100100001001000050028476802001820037200371842231874510100200100002002000020037200371110201100991001001000010000071011611197910100001002003820038200382003820038
10204200371500061196872510100100100001001000050028476802001820037200371842231874510100200100002002000020037200371110201100991001001000010000071011611197910100001002003820038200382003820038
10204200371500061196872510100100100001001000050028476802001820037200371842231874510100200100002002000020037200371110201100991001001000010000071011611197910100001002003820038200382003820038

1000 unrolls and 10 iterations

Result (median cycles for code): 2.0037

retire (01)cycle (02)031e3f4e51inst issue (52)~issue int (53)~issue fp/simd (54)~dispatch int (56)~dispatch fp/simd (57)huge thing int (59)huge thing fp/simd (5b)60696d6edispatch stall (70)scheduler rewind (75)scheduler stall (76)~dispatch op (78)~map op int (7c)~map op fp/simd (7e)~map lookup int (7f)~map lookup fp/simd (81)8283pipeline redirect (84)85inst all (8c)inst branch (8d)inst branch taken (90)inst b.cc (94)inst integer (97)inst neon or fp (9a)9fa1a6a8accfd5d6ddinst fetch restart (de)e0? fp/simd (ee)gpr retires (ef)f5f6f7f8fd
100242003715006119687251001010100001010000502847680120018200372003718444318767100102010000202000020037200371110021109101010000100000640216221978510000102003820038200382003820038
100242003715096119687251001010100001010000502847680120018200372003718444318767100102010000202000020037200371110021109101010000100000640216221978510000102003820038200382003820038
1002420037150021519687251001010100001010000502847680120018200372008318444318767100102010000202000020037200841110021109101010000100000640216221978510000102003820038200382003820038
100242003715006119687251001010100001010000502847680120018200372003718444318767100102010000202000020037200371110021109101010000100000640216221978510000102003820038200382003820038
100242003715006119687251001010100001010000502847680120018200372003718444318767100102010000202000020037200371110021109101010000100000640216221978510000102003820038200382003820038
1002420037150216119687251001010100001010152502847680120018200372003718444318767100102010000202000020037200371110021109101010000100002026640216221978510000102003820038200382003820038
1002420037150336119687251001010100001010000502847680120018200372003718445318767100102010000202000020037200371110021109101010000107310640216221978510000102003820038200382003820038
100242003715036119687251001010100001010000502847680120018200372003718444318767100102010000202000020037200371110021109101010000100000640216221978510000102003820038200382003820038
100242003715008219687251001010100001010000502847680120018200372003718444318767100102010000202000020037200371110021109101010000100000640216221978510000102003820038200382003820038
100242003715006119687251001010100001010000502847680120018200372003718444318767100102010000202000020037200371110021109101010000100010640216221978510000102003820038200382003820038

Test 3: Latency 1->3

Code:

  umax v0.16b, v1.16b, v0.16b
  movi v0.16b, 1
  movi v1.16b, 2

(fused SUBS/B.cc loop)

100 unrolls and 100 iterations

Result (median cycles for code): 2.0037

retire (01)cycle (02)03091e3f4e51inst issue (52)~issue int (53)~issue fp/simd (54)~dispatch int (56)~dispatch fp/simd (57)huge thing int (59)huge thing fp/simd (5b)60696b6d6edispatch stall (70)scheduler rewind (75)scheduler stall (76)~dispatch op (78)~map op int (7c)~map op fp/simd (7e)~map lookup int (7f)~map lookup fp/simd (81)8283pipeline redirect (84)85inst all (8c)inst branch (8d)inst branch taken (90)inst b.cc (94)inst integer (97)inst neon or fp (9a)9fa6acbranch mispredict (cb)cfd5d6ddinst fetch restart (de)e0? int output thing (e9)? fp/simd (ee)gpr retires (ef)f5f6f7f8fd
1020420037150006119687251010010010000100100005002847680120018020037200371842231874510100200100002002000020037200371110201100991001001000010000071011611197910100001002003820038200382003820038
10204200371500023219687251010010010000100100005002847680120018020037200371842231874510100200100002002000020037200371110201100991001001000010000071011611197910100001002003820038200382003820038
1020420037150024536196872510100100100001001000050028476801200180200372003718422318745101002001000020020000200372003711102011009910010010000100015071011611197910100001002003820038200382003820038
1020420037150006119687251010010010000100100005002847680020018020037200371842231874510100200100002002000020037200371110201100991001001000010000171011611197910100001002003820038200382003820038
1020420037150006119687251010010010000100100005002847680120018020037200371842231874510100200100002002000020037200371110201100991001001000010000071011611197910100001002003820038200382003820038
102042003715003216119687251010010010000100100005002847680120018020037200371842231874510100200100002002000020037200371110201100991001001000010000071011611197910100001002003820038200382003820038
10204200371500306119687251010010010000100100005002847680020018020037200371842231874510100200100002002000020037200371110201100991001001000010000071011611197912100001002003820038200382003820038
1020420037150006119687251010010010000100100005002847680120018020037200371842231874510100200100002002000020037200371110201100991001001000010000071011611197910100001002003820038200382003820038
1020420037150017715619687251010010010000100100005002847680020018020037200371842231874510100200100002002000020037200371110201100991001001000010000071011611197910100001002003820038200382003820038
1020420037150006119687251010010010000100100005002847680120018020037200371842231874510100200100002002000020037200371110201100991001001000010000071011611197910100001002003820038200382003820038

1000 unrolls and 10 iterations

Result (median cycles for code): 2.0037

retire (01)cycle (02)0308090b18191e1f3f4e51inst issue (52)~issue int (53)~issue fp/simd (54)~dispatch int (56)~dispatch fp/simd (57)huge thing int (59)huge thing fp/simd (5b)60696d6edispatch stall (70)scheduler rewind (75)scheduler stall (76)~dispatch op (78)~map op int (7c)~map op fp/simd (7e)~map lookup int (7f)~map lookup fp/simd (81)8283pipeline redirect (84)85inst all (8c)inst branch (8d)inst branch taken (90)inst b.cc (94)inst integer (97)inst neon or fp (9a)9fa0a1a6a8a9acc2cdcfd5d6ddinst fetch restart (de)e0? int output thing (e9)? fp/simd (ee)gpr retires (ef)f5f6f7f8fd
100242003715000000008219687251001010100001010000502847680120018200372003718444318767100102010000202000020037200371110021109101010000100000033006402162219785010000102003820038200382003820038
10024200371500000000611968725100101010000101000050284768002001820037200371844431876710010201000020200002003720037111002110910101000010000000006402162219785010000102003820038200382003820038
100242003715000000006119687251001010100001010000502847680120018200372003718444318767100102010000202000020037200371110021109101010000100000012006402162219785010000102003820038200382003820038
100242003715000000004411968725100101010000101000050284896312001820037200371844431876710010201000020200002003720037111002110910101000010000000006402162219785010000102003820038200382003820038
10024200371500000000611968725100101010000101000050284768012001820037200371844431876710010201000020200002003720037111002110910101000010000000006402162219785010000102003820038200382003820038
100242003715000000210611968725100101010000101000050284768012001820037200371844431876710010201000020200002003720037111002110910101000010000000006402162219785010000102003820038200382003820038
100242003715000000180611968725100101010000101000050284768012001820037200371844431876710010201000020200002003720037111002110910101000010000200006402162219785010000102003820038200382003820038
10024200371500000000611968725100101010000101000050284768012001820037200371844431876710010201000020200002003720037111002110910101000010000000006402162219785010000102003820038200382003820038
1002420037150000000061196872510010101000010100005028476800200182003720037184443187671001020100002020000200372003711100211091010100001000000150006402162219785010000102003820038200382003820038
10024200371500000060611968725100101010000101000050284768012001820037200371844431876710010201000020200002003720037111002110910101000010000006006402162219785010000102003820038200382003820038

Test 4: throughput

Count: 8

Code:

  umax v0.16b, v8.16b, v9.16b
  umax v1.16b, v8.16b, v9.16b
  umax v2.16b, v8.16b, v9.16b
  umax v3.16b, v8.16b, v9.16b
  umax v4.16b, v8.16b, v9.16b
  umax v5.16b, v8.16b, v9.16b
  umax v6.16b, v8.16b, v9.16b
  umax v7.16b, v8.16b, v9.16b
  movi v8.16b, 9
  movi v9.16b, 10

(fused SUBS/B.cc loop)

100 unrolls and 100 iterations

Result (median cycles for code divided by count): 0.2505

retire (01)cycle (02)03191e1f3f51inst issue (52)~issue int (53)~issue fp/simd (54)~dispatch int (56)~dispatch fp/simd (57)huge thing int (59)huge thing fp/simd (5b)60696d6edispatch stall (70)scheduler rewind (75)scheduler stall (76)~dispatch op (78)~map op int (7c)~map op fp/simd (7e)~map lookup int (7f)~map lookup fp/simd (81)8283pipeline redirect (84)85inst all (8c)inst branch (8d)inst branch taken (90)inst b.cc (94)inst integer (97)inst neon or fp (9a)9fa0a1a8accdcfd5d6ddinst fetch restart (de)e0? int output thing (e9)? fp/simd (ee)gpr retires (ef)f5f6f7f8fd
8020420048150000402580100100800001008000050064000012001920038200389973399968010020080000200160000200382003811802011009910010080000100000990511081622200350800001002003920039200392003920039
80204200381500001127258010010080000100800005006400000200192003820038997339996801002008000020016000020038200381180201100991001008000010000000511021622200350800001002003920039200392003920039
802042003815000040258010010080000100800005006400001200192003820038997339996801002008000020016000020038200381180201100991001008000010000030511021622200350800001002003920039200392003920039
8020420038150000402580100100800001008000050064000012001920038200389973399968010020080000200160000200382003811802011009910010080000100000120511021622200350800001002003920039200392003920039
8020420038150000943258021812580000100800005006400001200192003820038997339996801002008000020016000020038200381180201100991001008000010000000511021622200350800001002003920039200392003920039
8020420038150000402580100100800001008000050064000012001920038200389973399968010020080000200160000200382003811802011009910010080000100000180511021622200350800001002003920039200392003920039
8020420038150000402580100100800001008000050064000012001920038200389973310023801002028000020016000020099200981180201100991001008000010024030511021622200350800001002003920039200392003920039
80204200891501010440258010010080000100800005006400001200192003820038997339996801002008000020016000020038200381180201100991001008000010000000511021622200350800001002003920039200392003920039
802042003815000040258010010080000100800005006400001200192003820038997339996801002008000020016000020038200381180201100991001008000010000090511021622200350800001002003920039200392003920039
8020420038150000135258010010080000100800005006400001200192003820038997339994801002008000020016000020038200381180201100991001008000010000000511021622200350800001002003920039200392003920039

1000 unrolls and 10 iterations

Result (median cycles for code divided by count): 0.2505

retire (01)cycle (02)031e3f51inst issue (52)~issue int (53)~issue fp/simd (54)~dispatch int (56)~dispatch fp/simd (57)huge thing int (59)huge thing fp/simd (5b)60696d6edispatch stall (70)scheduler rewind (75)scheduler stall (76)~dispatch op (78)~map op int (7c)~map op fp/simd (7e)~map lookup int (7f)~map lookup fp/simd (81)8283pipeline redirect (84)85inst all (8c)inst branch (8d)inst branch taken (90)inst b.cc (94)inst integer (97)inst neon or fp (9a)9fa8a9accfd5d6ddinst fetch restart (de)e0? fp/simd (ee)gpr retires (ef)f5f6f7f8fd
80024200471500392580010108000010800005064000012001920038200381000431001880010208000020160000200382003811800211091010800001000845020416222003580000102003920039200392003920039
8002420038150039258001010800001080000506400001200192003820038999631001880010208000020160000200382003811800211091010800001000905020216222003580000102003920039200392003920039
800242003815003925800101080000108000050640000120019200382003899963100188001020800002016000020038200381180021109101080000100005020216442003580000102003920039200392003920039
800242003815003925800101080000108000050640000120019200382003899963100188001020800002016000020038200381180021109101080000100065020316332003580000102003920039200392003920039
800242003815003925800101080000108000050640000120019200382003899963100188001020800002016000020038200381180021109101080000100065020216222003580000102003920039200392003920039
8002420038150123925800101080000108000050640000120019200382003899963100188001020800002016000020038200381180021109101080000100035020216222003580000102003920039200392003920039
800242003815003925800101080000108000050640000120019200382003899963100188001020800002016000020038200381180021109101080000100005020216222003580000102003920039200392003920039
800242003815003925800101080000108000050640000120019200382003899963100188001020800002016000020038200381180021109101080000100005020316222003580000102003920039200392003920039
800242003815003925800101080000108000050640000120019200382003899963100188001020800002016000020038200381180021109101080000100095020216222003580000102003920039200392003920039
800242003815003925800101080000108000050640000120019200382003899963100188001020800002016000020038200381180021109101080000100005020216222003580000102003920039200392003920039