Apple M1 Microarchitecture Research by Dougall Johnson

Firestorm: Overview | Base Instructions | SIMD and FP Instructions
Icestorm:  Overview | Base Instructions | SIMD and FP Instructions

UMULL (vector, 8H)

Test 1: uops

Code:

  umull v0.8h, v0.8b, v1.8b
  movi v0.16b, 1
  movi v1.16b, 2

(no loop instructions)

1000 unrolls and 1 iteration

Retires: 1.000

Issues: 1.000

Integer unit issues: 0.000

Load/store unit issues: 0.000

SIMD/FP unit issues: 1.000

retire (01)cycle (02)031e3f4e51inst issue (52)~issue fp/simd (54)~dispatch fp/simd (57)huge thing fp/simd (5b)60696d6edispatch stall (70)scheduler rewind (75)scheduler stall (76)~dispatch op (78)~map op fp/simd (7e)~map lookup fp/simd (81)8283pipeline redirect (84)85inst all (8c)inst neon or fp (9a)a8acc2cfd5d6ddinst fetch restart (de)e0? fp/simd (ee)f5f6f7f8fd
10043037230145254825100010001000398313130183037303724153289510001000200030373037111001100000073116112630100030383038303830383038
10043037230251254825100010001000398313030183037303724153289510001000200030373037111001100000073116112630100030383038303830383038
1004303723061254825100010001000398313030183037303724153289510001000200030373037111001100000073116112630100030383038303830383038
1004303722061254825100010001000398313030183037303724153289510001000200030373037111001100000073116112630100030383038303830383038
1004303723061254825100010001000398313030183037303724153289510001000200030373037111001100000073116112630100030383038303830383038
1004303723061254825100010001000398313130183037303724153289510001000200030373037111001100000073116112630100030383038303830383038
1004303723061254825100010001000398313130183037303724153289510001000200030373037111001100000073116112630100030383038303830383038
1004303723961254825100010001000398313130183037303724153289510001000200030373037111001100000073116112630100030383038303830383038
1004303723061254825100010001000398313130183037303724153289510001000200030373037111001100000073116112630100030383038303830383038
1004303722061254825100010001000398313130183037303724153289510001000200030373037111001100000073116112630100030383038303830383038

Test 2: Latency 1->2

Code:

  umull v0.8h, v0.8b, v1.8b
  movi v0.16b, 1
  movi v1.16b, 2

(fused SUBS/B.cc loop)

100 unrolls and 100 iterations

Result (median cycles for code): 3.0037

retire (01)cycle (02)03080b181e3f4e51inst issue (52)~issue int (53)~issue fp/simd (54)~dispatch int (56)~dispatch fp/simd (57)huge thing int (59)huge thing fp/simd (5b)60696b6d6edispatch stall (70)scheduler rewind (75)scheduler stall (76)~dispatch op (78)~map op int (7c)~map op fp/simd (7e)~map lookup int (7f)~map lookup fp/simd (81)8283pipeline redirect (84)85inst all (8c)inst branch (8d)inst branch taken (90)inst b.cc (94)inst integer (97)inst neon or fp (9a)9fa6a8accfd5d6ddinst fetch restart (de)e0? fp/simd (ee)gpr retires (ef)f5f6f7f8fd
10204300372250000612954825101001001000010010000500427731303001803003730037282653287451010020010000200200003003730037111020110099100100100001000007101161129634100001003003830038300383003830038
10204300372250000822954825101001001000010010000500427731303001803003730037282653287451010020010000200200003003730037111020110099100100100001000007101161129634100001003003830038300383003830038
10204300372250000612954825101001001000010010000500427731303001803003730037282653287451010020010000200200003003730037111020110099100100100001000007101161129634100001003003830038300383003830038
10204300372250000612954825101001001000010010000500427731303001803003730037282653287451010020010000200200003003730037111020110099100100100001000097101161129634100001003003830038300383003830038
10204300372250000612954825101001001000010010000500427731303001803003730037282653287451010020010000200200003003730037111020110099100100100001000007101161129634100001003003830038300383003830038
10204300372250000612954825101001001000010010000500427731303001803003730037282653287451010020010000200200003003730037111020110099100100100001000007101161129634100001003003830038300383003830038
10204300372250000612954825101001001000010010000500427731303001803003730037282653287451010020010000200200003003730037111020110099100100100001000107101161129634100001003003830038300383003830038
102043003722500012612954825101001251004810010000500427731303001803003730037282653287451010020010000200200003003730037111020110099100100100001000107101161129634100001003003830038300383003830038
102043003722400006129548251010010010000100100005004277313030018030037300372826532874510100200100002002000030037300371110201100991001001000010002907101161129634100001003003830038300383003830038
10204300372250000612954825101001001000010010000500427731303001803003730037282653287451010020010000200200003003730037111020110099100100100001000007101161129634100001003003830038300383003830038

1000 unrolls and 10 iterations

Result (median cycles for code): 3.0037

retire (01)cycle (02)03080a18191e1f3f4e51inst issue (52)~issue int (53)~issue fp/simd (54)~dispatch int (56)~dispatch fp/simd (57)huge thing int (59)huge thing fp/simd (5b)60696d6edispatch stall (70)scheduler rewind (75)scheduler stall (76)~dispatch op (78)~map op int (7c)~map op fp/simd (7e)~map lookup int (7f)~map lookup fp/simd (81)8283pipeline redirect (84)85inst all (8c)inst branch (8d)inst branch taken (90)inst b.cc (94)inst integer (97)inst neon or fp (9a)9fa0a6a7a8a9acc2cfd5d6ddinst fetch restart (de)e0? int output thing (e9)ec? fp/simd (ee)gpr retires (ef)f5f6f7f8fd
10024300372250000240612954825100101010000101000050427731303001830037300372828732876710010201000020200003003730037111002110910101000010000500064041643296300010000103003830038300383003830038
1002430037225000000612954825100101010000101000050427731303001830037300372828732876710010201000020200003003730037111002110910101000010000003064031634296300010000103003830038300383003830038
1002430037225000000612954825100101010000101000050427731303001830037300372828732876710010201000020200003003730037111002110910101000010000103064041634296300010000103003830038300383003830038
1002430037225000093132612954825100101010000101000050427731303001830037300372828732876710010201000020200003003730037111002110910101000010000100064031644296300010000103003830038300383003830038
1002430037225000000612954825100101010000101000050427731303001830037300372828732876710010201000020200003003730037111002110910101000010000100064031634296300010000103003830038300383003830038
1002430037224000000612954825100101010000101000050427731303001830037300372828732876710010201000020203443003730037111002110910101000010000100064041644296300010000103003830038300383003830038
1002430037225000000612954825100101010000101000050427731303001830037300372828732876710010201000020200003003730037111002110910101000010000100064041634296300010000103003830038300383003830038
10024300372250000001282954825100101010000101000050427731303001830037300372828732876710010201000020200003003730037111002110910101000010020100064041643296300010000103003830038300383003830038
1002430037225000000612954825100101010000101000050427731303001830037300372828732876710010201000020200003003730037111002110910101000010000100064041643296300010000103003830038300383003830038
10024300372250000008229548251001010100001010000504277313030018300373003728287328767100102010000202000030037300371110021109101010000100003106064031634296300010000103003830038300383003830038

Test 3: Latency 1->3

Code:

  umull v0.8h, v1.8b, v0.8b
  movi v0.16b, 1
  movi v1.16b, 2

(fused SUBS/B.cc loop)

100 unrolls and 100 iterations

Result (median cycles for code): 3.0037

retire (01)cycle (02)030b18191e1f3a3f4e51inst issue (52)~issue int (53)~issue fp/simd (54)~dispatch int (56)~dispatch fp/simd (57)huge thing int (59)huge thing fp/simd (5b)60696d6edispatch stall (70)scheduler rewind (75)scheduler stall (76)~dispatch op (78)~map op int (7c)~map op fp/simd (7e)~map lookup int (7f)~map lookup fp/simd (81)8283pipeline redirect (84)85inst all (8c)inst branch (8d)inst branch taken (90)inst b.cc (94)inst integer (97)inst neon or fp (9a)9fa0a1a6a7a8a9acc5cfd5d6ddinst fetch restart (de)e0? fp/simd (ee)gpr retires (ef)f5f6f7f8fd
10204300372250000006129548251010010010000100100005004277313030018300373003728265328745101002001000020020000300373003711102011009910010010000100000000007101161129634100001003003830038300383003830038
10204300372250000006129548251010010010000100100005004277313030018300373003728265328745101002001000020020000300373003711102011009910010010000100000000007101161129634100001003003830038300383003830038
10204300372250000006129548251010010010000100100005004277313030018300373003728265328745101002001000020020000300373003711102011009910010010000100000000017101161129634100001003003830038300383003830038
10204300372250000006129548251010010010000100100005004277313030018300373003728265328745101002001000020020000300373003711102011009910010010000100000000007101161129634100001003003830038300383003830038
10204300372250000006129548251010010010000100100005004277313130018300373003728265328745101002001000020020000300373003711102011009910010010000100000000007101161129634100001003003830038300383003830038
10204300372250000006129548251010010010000100100005004277313130018300373003728265328745101002001000020020000300373003711102011009910010010000100000000007101161129634100001003003830038300383003830038
10204300372250000006129548251010010010000100100005004277313130018300373003728265328745101002001000020020000300373003711102011009910010010000100000000007101161129634100001003003830038300383003830038
10204300372250000006129548251010010010000100100005004277313130018300373003728265328745101002001000020020000300373003711102011009910010010000100000000007101161129634100001003003830038300383003830038
10204300372250000006129548251010010010000100100005004277313130018300373003728265328745101002001000020020000300373003711102011009910010010000100000000007101161129634100001003003830038300383003830038
10204300372240000006129548251010010010000100100005004277313130018300373003728265328745101002001000020020000300373003711102011009910010010000100000000007101161129634100001003003830038300383003830038

1000 unrolls and 10 iterations

Result (median cycles for code): 3.0037

retire (01)cycle (02)031e3a3f4e51inst issue (52)~issue int (53)~issue fp/simd (54)~dispatch int (56)~dispatch fp/simd (57)huge thing int (59)huge thing fp/simd (5b)60696d6edispatch stall (70)scheduler rewind (75)scheduler stall (76)~dispatch op (78)~map op int (7c)~map op fp/simd (7e)~map lookup int (7f)~map lookup fp/simd (81)8283pipeline redirect (84)85inst all (8c)inst branch (8d)inst branch taken (90)inst b.cc (94)inst integer (97)inst neon or fp (9a)9fa0a1a8accfd5d6ddinst fetch restart (de)e0? fp/simd (ee)gpr retires (ef)f5f6f7f8fd
1002430037225006129548251001010100001010000504277313030018300373003728287328767100102010000202000030037300371110021109101010000100010640216222963010000103003830038300383003830038
1002430037233006129548251001010100001010000504277313130018300373003728287328767100102010000202000030037300371110021109101010000100000640216222963010000103003830038300383003830038
1002430037225006129548251001010100001010000504277313130018300373003728287328767100102010000202000030037300371110021109101010000100000640216222963010000103003830038300383003830038
1002430037225006129548251001010100001010000504277313130018300373003728287328767100102010000202000030037300371110021109101010000100000640216222963010000103003830038300383003830038
1002430037225006129548251001010100001010000504277313130018300373003728287328767100102010000202000030037300371110021109101010000100000640216222963010000103003830038300383003830038
10024300372250061295482510010101000010100005042773130300183003730037282873287671001020100002020000300373003711100211091010100001000324640216222963010000103003830038300383003830038
10024300372240023729548251001010100001010000504277313130018300373003728287328767100102010000202000030037300371110021109101010000100000640216222963010000103003830038300383003830083
100243003722500612954825100101010000101000050427731303001830037300372828732876710010201000020200003003730037111002110910101000010000174640216222963010000103003830038300383003830038
1002430037225006129548251001010100001010000504277313130018300373003728287328767100102010000202000030037300371110021109101010000100000640216222963010000103003830038300383003830038
1002430037224006129548251001010100001010000504277313030018300373003728287328767100102010000202000030037300371110021109101010000100020640216222963010000103003830038300383003830038

Test 4: throughput

Count: 8

Code:

  umull v0.8h, v8.8b, v9.8b
  umull v1.8h, v8.8b, v9.8b
  umull v2.8h, v8.8b, v9.8b
  umull v3.8h, v8.8b, v9.8b
  umull v4.8h, v8.8b, v9.8b
  umull v5.8h, v8.8b, v9.8b
  umull v6.8h, v8.8b, v9.8b
  umull v7.8h, v8.8b, v9.8b
  movi v8.16b, 9
  movi v9.16b, 10

(fused SUBS/B.cc loop)

100 unrolls and 100 iterations

Result (median cycles for code divided by count): 0.2505

retire (01)cycle (02)03083f51inst issue (52)~issue int (53)~issue fp/simd (54)~dispatch int (56)~dispatch fp/simd (57)huge thing int (59)huge thing fp/simd (5b)60696d6edispatch stall (70)scheduler rewind (75)scheduler stall (76)~dispatch op (78)~map op int (7c)~map op fp/simd (7e)~map lookup int (7f)~map lookup fp/simd (81)8283pipeline redirect (84)85inst all (8c)inst branch (8d)inst branch taken (90)inst b.cc (94)inst integer (97)inst neon or fp (9a)9fa8a9accfd5d6ddinst fetch restart (de)e0? fp/simd (ee)gpr retires (ef)f5f6f7f8fd
8020420039150041258010010080000100800005006400000200202003920039997339997801002008000020016000020039200391180201100991001008000010010051103161120036800001002004020040200402004020040
8020420039150062258010010080000100800005006400001200202003920039997339997801002008000020016000020039200391180201100991001008000010000051101161120036800001002004020040200402004020040
8020420039150041258010010080000100800005006400000200202003920039997339997801002008000020016000020039200391180201100991001008000010000051101161120036800001002004020040200402004020040
80204200391500412580100100800001008000050064000002002020039200399973399978010020080000200160000200392003911802011009910010080000100007551101161220036800001002004020040200402004020040
8020420039150041258010010080000100800005006400000200202003920039997339997801002008000020016000020039200391180201100991001008000010000051101161120036800001002004020040200402004020040
8020420039150041258010010080000100800005006400000200202003920039997339997801002008000020016000020039200391180201100991001008000010000051101161120036800001002004020040200402004020040
8020420039150041258010010080000100800005006400000200202003920039997339997801002008000020016000020039200391180201100991001008000010000051101161120036800001002004020040200402004020040
8020420039150041258010010080000100800005006400000200202003920039997339997801002008000020016000020039200391180201100991001008000010010051101161120036800001002004020040200402004020040
8020420039150041258010010080000100800005006400000200202008920039997339997801002008000020016000020039200391180201100991001008000010000051101161120036800001002004020040200402004020040
80204200391500412580100100800001008000050064000002002020039200399973399978010020080000200160000200392003911802011009910010080000100003351101161120036800001002004020040200402004020040

1000 unrolls and 10 iterations

Result (median cycles for code divided by count): 0.2505

retire (01)cycle (02)030a1e3f51inst issue (52)~issue int (53)~issue fp/simd (54)~dispatch int (56)~dispatch fp/simd (57)huge thing int (59)huge thing fp/simd (5b)5f60696d6edispatch stall (70)scheduler rewind (75)scheduler stall (76)~dispatch op (78)~map op int (7c)~map op fp/simd (7e)~map lookup int (7f)~map lookup fp/simd (81)8283pipeline redirect (84)85inst all (8c)inst branch (8d)inst branch taken (90)inst b.cc (94)inst integer (97)inst neon or fp (9a)9fa1a8accfd5d6ddinst fetch restart (de)e0? fp/simd (ee)gpr retires (ef)f5f6f7f8fd
80024200481500040258001010800001080000506400001120020200392003999963100198001020800002016000020039200391180021109101080000100005020716532003680000102004020040200402004020040
80024200391500040258001010800001080000506400000020020200392003999963100198001020800002016000020039200392180021109101080000100005020516552003680000102004020040200402004020040
80024200391500040258001010800001080000506400000020020200392003999963100198001020800002016000020039200391180021109101080000100005020516352003680000102004020040200402004020040
80024200391500040258001010800001080000506400000020020200392003999963100198001020800002016000020039200391180021109101080000100005020316532003680000102004020040200402004020040
80024200391500040258001010800001080000506400000020020200392003999963100198001020800002016000020039200391180021109101080000100005020316552003680000102004020040200402004020040
80024200391500040258001010800001080000506400000020020200392003999963100198001020800002016000020039200391180021109101080000100005020516552003680000102004020040200402004020040
800242003915010402580010108000010800005064000000200202003920039999631001980010208000020160000200392003911800211091010800001000965020516352003680000102004020040200402004020040
80024200391500040258001010800001080000506400000120020200392003999963100198001020800002016000020039200391180021109101080000100005020516352003680000102004020040200402004020040
80024200391500040258001010800001080000506400000020020200392003999963100198001020800002016000020039200391180021109101080000100005020316532003680000102004020040200402004020040
80024200391500040258001010800001080000506400000020020200392003999963100198001020800002016000020039200391180021109101080000100005020316352003680000102004020040200402004020040